The last key style of leadership is Laissez- Faire. Delegative leaders provide very little guidance to the group members and leave decision- making up to the employees. The workers are least productive under this style of leadership. The employees make more demands and refuse to work independently. However, it is very effective when members in a group are qualified in an area of expertise.
This means there are no single or perfect ways to lead a team. The situational leadership model identifies four of the leadership styles which is used to determine what style best suits the leader based off the maturity levels of their subordinates (Situational Leadership Model For Project Management , 2010). The styles of leadership are:Telling: This style is for subordinates with a low maturity level. If your follower is unable to perform a given task, clear directions and supervision are required to get them to better understand.Selling: This is for subordinates with a low to moderate maturity level. As a team leader, directions are put out for team members low ability status, but a supportive environment is beneficial as well to motivate your workers for the task.Participating: This style is for followers with a moderate to high maturity level.
In order to inspire a subordinate, the qualities of a manager require leadership skills. Both management and leadership can be seen in an organisation. There is a manager in a department and a number of leaders who work with their teams in assisting the organisation in the accomplishment of their goals. At the demand of the organisation, managers sometimes fulfil the role of a leader as well. It can therefore be said that Leadership and Management go side by side and complement each other and that an organisation needs both for its growth and survival.
So, from my perspective, those are the reason why leadership is essential and really important in an organization. Basically it’s because leaders are the key of human resources in organization, and they’re the vital thing who make all the elements in the business work
Their authority comes from the company’s constitution and by-laws that make up the organizations structure. Therefore, the junior staff has no other option, but to obey and trust the managers. Managers also have limited time and resources to handle all the work that is available to them; therefore, they hand over most of the responsibilities to their subordinates so that they focus on other matters. Finally, managers often tend to be well learned people with vast experience in business and organizational
• Externally/ internally driven- Externally driven means product is made according to the choice and need of customers but internally driven means that experts feel they know what customer wants. • Work centered/ employee- In employee centered organization management takes care of their employees more than work and opposite happens in a work centered organization. • Professional/ local- In professional culture employees are known by their profession or the work they do but in local culture employees are known by their bosses and teammates. • Strict work discipline/ easy going- Easy going organization means work is done informally without any time limit and restriction but strict work follows everything formally and on time. (Quick base) Organizational
In this the leader provides complete freedom to his followers and does not interfere in their work. Decisions are taken by employees themselves and the leader only act as a support system. TRANSACTIONAL LEADERSHIP Transactional leadership is focused on group organization, establishing a clear chain of command and implementing a carrot-and-stick approach to management activities. It is considered transactional because leaders offer an exchange; they reward good performances, while punishing bad practice. While this can be an effective way of completing short-term tasks, employees are unlikely to reach their full creative potential in such conditions.
As a result, leadership is one of the most concepts widely studied, debated, and sought-after properties of organizational life, because, both leaders and organizations seeks to know what makes an effective leaders to reach to the ultimate organizational success. Researchers have been interested in studying the different styles of leadership to come to a better understanding to the best way of leading the organizations
Different methods are necessary to be used in order to measure professional skills in connection to the organisational requirements to attain its objectives and support strategic direction and this does not apply to managers only but every team member in an organisation. Rees (2008), stated some professional requirements for managers but also for other members which are the coaching, leadership skills and mentoring, multi-tasking among others. In relation to the position I hold in the organisation, here are the two techniques which are going to be discussed: Leadership skills It can be said that leadership skills acts as an influence for people in order to follow a certain way. Cooke (2012), believes that the skills to impact on behaviours
However the manager or leader still have the final say and makes the final decision. A consultative management style can be viewed as a combination of participative and autocratic due to the fact that consultative managers will ask views and opinions from their staff, allowing them to feel involved but will ultimately make the final decision. For example in a computer software engineering Company the manager can give the problem of codding a program to the employees without interacting with them and after they finish with the codding they present It to the manager who will decide. Advantages • Build strong teams: the team becomes strong and united working together. There are more ideas and opinion given and all are taken into