Even though this style of leadership may be considered archaic, it still offers many benefits to current teams and their goal-achieving processes. The major pros of the autocratic leadership style, as stated by Joseph (n.d.) are: - Quick decision-making processes. Since the leader is the only one who makes decisions through this style of leadership, there is no waste of time. The leader is the sole responsible for the decision made and therefore it can be made quickly in order to keep up with the competition or prevent problems. - There is close oversight of subordinates.
Lewin, Lippitt, & White as cited in Hamid and Ismail (2015), conducted a research on organization and leadership styles such as democratic, autocratic, and laissez-faire. Leadership style refers to a leader’s manner of behavior in a work situation. Accordingly, leadership style can be influenced by one’s personality which means it deals mainly with the manner of the leader on how he/she carry his/her functions or authority and power and the decision-making process. Leaders tend to choose a leadership style that is most comfortable to them and which allow the subordinates to participate in the decision making process, and is also dependent on the values and the personality of the leaders. The research conducted found the authoritarian, also
Community and Family Studies Leadership is the action of leading a group of people or an organization. There are four leadership styles, these include: Autocratic, Laissez-faire, Transformational and Democratic. Autocratic Autocratic leadership also known as authoritarian leadership, refers to the leadership style by which an individual has sole control of all decisions with little consultation from members within the group. An autocratic leader will typically make choices based on their own instincts, ideas, values and judgement, while rarely accepting advice or opinions other from group members as they intent to know all aspects of the groups functioning’s. Characteristics of Autocratic leadership: The following characteristics displays the leadership style of Autocratic leaders: • Dictates all process of work • Accepts virtually no involvement from individuals within the group • Leaders will determine the outcome of choices • Leaders will manage all strategies in regards to work and how they are carried out • Members within the group are infrequently trusted with decisions Autocratic leadership can be beneficial in many circumstances, for instance, when choices need to be made in a brief amount of time without discussing other detail with group members.
According to experts Rahbi, Dana Al, et al., this type of leadership style is gained through demands, punishments, regulations, rules and orders (2017).Although this type of leadership style is known to have a very structured work environment, there are many advantages and disadvantages associated with this approach. The first advantage associated with the autocratic leadership style is that it involves quick decision making. Since there is only one person making all of the decisions for the organization, the decision making process is quick and painless, and planning/organizing needs no initiative. Another advantage to this approach is that it is good for inexperienced workers or staff members. Most inexperienced staff members are not at a position to make critical decisions for the company and require a more structured environment where they are simply told what to do, and they do it.
There are not any leadership styles that are similar to Bureaucratic, but there are many that are opposite like Authoritarian leadership style or Task orientated. Both of those styles focus on getting the job done without following any specific rules or regulations. People orientated leadership style promotes peoples skills. Its main aim is to improve team work, communication and developing the individual. The leader’s role is to organise and develop the team, by unlocking their potential.
Consultative style is focused on the final result by using the skills of others. A dictator is a person exercising absolute power, especially a ruler who has an absolute, unrestricted control in a government, whereas participative leader involves the whole members of the group to identify the goals and to work for a desired result. Therefore participative leadership and dictatorship are two styles which are completely differ from each other. However, society sometimes mix them. For instance, great leader and president of Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin is considered to be both dictator and participative leader.
The autocratic leadership is found with the evidence of efficient decision making processes of leaders. The leaders in this style are appropriate for the urgencies and crises in which rapid decisions are required. However, the subordinates may not have experience of being consulted. The negative aspects of the autocratic leadership involve the ignorance of subordinates’ opinions. There is overdependence on the leaders because of which it is not easy to make decisions in the absence of leaders.
(Cherry, 2016) Autocratic leaders normally settle on decisions in view of their thoughts, ideas and judgments and rarely acknowledge guidance or advice from followers. Autocratic leadership includes absolute, authoritarian control over a gathering. primary characteristics of autocratic leadership include, practically no contribution from members, group leaders manage all the work method, strategies and procedures, group members are infrequently trusted with choices or important assignments or tasks and lastly leaders settle on the choices and decisions. Autocratic leadership can be advantageous at times but there are additionally many occasions where this style can be problematic. Individuals who abuse an autocratic style are regularly seen as controlling, bossy which can prompt to hatred among members.
However when a leader in an organization, their power to served others can be effective, while on the other hand they can misuses the power for their own personal gain, their leadership is ineffective. Some qualities for ethical charismatic leadership and also their effects on followers are: considers and learn from criticism, stimulates employees to think independently and to question the leader’s views and coach, developed employees and shares recognition with their work group members. While on the other hand some unethical charismatic leadership are: promotes own personal vision, uses one- way communication and demands own decisions be accepted without question .However in order for an effective charismatic leadership there are a range of skills that must developed to their employees and these are: self-confidence, self-assurance and outstanding communication and verbal
Managers need to be very cautious in following this type of leadership, because coercive leadership comes down with a large amount of disadvantages. Coercive leadership is a type of leadership that depends on abusing and harassing employees. It uses complete power and authority in commanding orders and it can be described as a very cruel style of leadership. Looking though all the styles of leaderships, coercive leadership has the most disadvantages of all. Some of these disadvantages may include these things.