Leadership Theory: Great Man Theory Trait Theory

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Leadership theories Great Man Theory Trait Theory
Description -Leaders are natural born.
-They have leadership traits like confidence, charisma inborn and those traits cannot be learnt through normal means. -Leaders are either born or made with personality, social, physical or intellectual traits like intelligence and self-confidence through education and practice.
Pros -Starting point of research to know what traits make good leaders. -Let people know what traits to look for to have a chance to become a leader.
Cons -Cannot be scientifically proven.
-Fail to see the situational factors and the effect of others, which can greatly affect the effectiveness of leaders. -Cannot be scientifically proven.
-No trait that can be used for every situation
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-Leaders motivate employees by setting goals, using rewards and punishments to make sure they work. -Inspire good changes in both leaders and employees.
-Leaders give vision to motivate and empower employees to achieve the goal and also by appealing to higher ideals and moral values, they can produce better results.
-Leaders make appropriate changes and ideas to challenge the status quo.
-Leaders seek to help employees with their work satisfaction and commitment.
-Components of Transformational leadership:
(i)Idealized Influence: Be a role model for employees to learn and develop.
(ii)Inspirational Motivation: Set a high standard and enthuse employees to reach it.
(iii)Intellectual Stimulation: Encourage employees to be innovative.
(iv)Individualized Consideration: Be supportive to individual employees for their needs.
Pros -Simple and easy to manage.
-High productivity.
-Clear chain of command to improve performance. -Emphasizes employees’ needs, morals and values.
-High productivity.
-Leader on the front line is appealing.
Cons -Restricts leader-follower relationship.
-Fail to meet employees’ individual needs.
-Employees do not have human dignity. -Has the potential for the abuse of
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He understood rallying the country and bridging diverse interests meant making room for others. Black supremacy was as depraved as white supremacy, in his view. Mandela knew that over a billion people would watch his inaugural presidential address and used this speech—and key plural pronouns we, us, and our—to align a deeply divided nation around a common vision: “We understand it still that there is no easy road to freedom…none of us acting alone can achieve success. We must therefore act together as a united people, for national reconciliation, for nation building, for the birth of a new world.”
He learned
Mandela faced big questions after his release from prison: What to do with the faltering economy? For most of his life, Mandela was a socialist and even a Marxist. He was suspicious of free markets and private ownership, given the abuses he witnessed. He said, “The nationalization of the mines, banks and monopoly industries is the policy of the ANC [African National Congress], and a change or modification of our views in this regard is inconceivable.”
But then he came to learn what decades of socialism had done to the states of the former Soviet Union. His thinking took a sharp turn when he met leaders of the Communist Parties of China and Vietnam who were striving to privatize state enterprises. “They changed my views altogether,” Mandela

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