According to Simkins (2005), leadership is one of the key factors and in some instances the only factor that determines whether an organization succeeds or fails. However, Clark (2009) states that an effective nurse leader utilizes appropriate leadership theories to guide their actions as well as they are required to apply their knowledge and problem solving skills to develop creative solutions to managerial issues on the ward. On the other hand management is concerned with its five core principles; according to Kannan (2004b) these principles were revised and are now thought as planning, organising, staffing, directing and controlling (as cited in Clark, 2009). Furthermore, Clark pointed out that leadership and management often overlap. Therefore, …show more content…
In order to achieve these goals there has to be an orderly flow of communication in the organization; Roussel recognise that most organizations already have a functioning organizational structure. Furthermore, in the profession of nursing the structure which is most often used is the pyramid or hierarchical type.The hierarchical structure also called a line structure is the oldest and simplest type of management. Its principles incorporate the following “chain of command, bureaucracy and a multitiered hierarchy, vertical control and coordination, levels differentiated by function and authority and downward communication (Roussel, 2013) ”. Hence, the current organisational structure in which the manager operates is the hierarchical structure. The current manager did not acquire any additional educational training or academic qualification to hold the position. However, the position was trusted onto her through experiential learning resulting from …show more content…
333) ”. Besides, leadership styles are a very important function of leadership; in fact, it consists of various behavior patterns used by the leader to influence and motivate employees. The following are the different types of leadership styles, as espoused by DuBrin: participative, allows members to share in decision making; autocratic, not concern with group members; situational, quick and decisive response to situations; transformational, brings about a change in the organizational culture and subculture; charismatic, the ability to influence others and transactional, reward or punishment is hinged to performance. The most appropriate leadership style that reflects the contemporary nurse manager is without a doubt autocratic. Also influencing leadership is power, DuBrin (2009) states that power has the ability to influence decision making and control resources. To better understand how power influence leaders in the execution of their duties it has been subdivided into five types, they are as follows: the first is legitimate, this type of power is derived from a position of authority; while the second is reward, this is where the leader has control over rewards; the third is coercive, this power gives the leader control over punishment; the fourth is expert and is derived from knowledge, skills and experience; whilst
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HCIS 725 Leadership in Healthcare Practice Kirsten Blatchford Contrasting Leadership Models Leadership models are developing to adapt to the changing needs of people and the surrounding environment (Dye, 2017). It is important for leaders to be flexible and take part in change to guide their teams and organizations to success. Over time, the theories of leadership have grown and taken different forms. The great man theory and trait theory were the initial concepts used to explain leadership. Situational leadership theories and transactional theories then emerged to help shape our understanding of leadership.
Transition to Leadership Scholarly Paper: Transformational leadership Leadership demonstrated by nurses has been identified as an essential aspect of efficient functioning within a unit as well as, it is a pillar of high quality nursing care (Ajanaku & Lubbe, 2021). The state of healthcare is constantly evolving and changing and throughout this nurse leaders have played a part in helping transition to new best practices. Kouzes and Posner have developed a leadership mode centred on different leadership practices that when used helps develop effective nurse leaders. This model includes 5 areas of practice which includes: model the way, inspire a shared vision, challenge the process, enable others to act, and encourage the heart. For a nurse
Marquis and Huston (2014) discuss how the mark of a good nursing leader is in the ability to inspire and motivate others to action; furthermore, no one leadership style is ideal and may vary according to the situation. The purpose of this paper is to match and explain the nursing leadership theory that is most applicable to solving communication issues, and to explain how legislation and health care policy can impact communication issues in the nursing. Nursing Leadership Theory Nursing leadership is complex and multifaceted and has been cited as a main reason nurses leave their current position (Blake, Leach, Robbins, Pike, & Needleman, 2013). Blake et al.
A formal structure is focused on the relationship between authority and subordinate (Schatz, 2017). Task oriented leadership can affect my preceptor’s ability to perform job responsibilities because it focuses on an autocratic approach (Spahr, 2015). This is beneficial to the organization because tasks are being completed however, this type of leadership is not evidence based practice in today’s nursing practice (Davidhizar & Robbins,
Leadership has many definitions. Chin, Desormeaux, and Sawyer (2016) define leadership as a relationship between followers and a leader with the intent to promote change through a mutual vision. Therefore, leaders are active influences in the outcome of organizations, through their decision-making, strategies, and influence on followers (Dinh et al., 2014). Additionally, in the nursing context, it has been documented that a leader 's style plays a factor in patient outcomes (Fischer, 2016). Indeed, in an ever-changing, complex health care environment, nursing leadership has become a crucial factor in managing challenges and maintaining patient safety (Fischer, 2016).
Transactional Leadership is based on the principles of the social exchange theory, in which an individual would expect to give and receive benefits or rewards when engaging in a social interaction (Sullivan, 2012). The interaction will cease if one or both person decides that the exchange of benefits and rewards are no longer worthwhile. Transactional Leadership theory also focus on the task that need to be carried out and makes sure they are done the right way as compared to Transformational Leadership theory which focus on staff empowerment (Marquis and Huston, 2015). A nurse manger in a department or ward is a good example of Transactional Leadership theory.
Introduction: Any organization recognizes the significance of leadership and its crucial role in achieving their goals and success. In healthcare organizations, the complexity of the system and the difference in defining its success goals are reshaping the practice of leadership and its standards. According to House et al. (2002, p.5) a leader is able to influence, motivate, and enable others to contribute to the success of the organization or task. Healthcare and business settings are different in terms of goals and system contexts.
Different scholars identified various kinds of leadership styles that affect the job performance, satisfaction and learning and development of subordinates. Warrick, D.D (1981) cited that there are no doubt variables other than a leader’s style that affect employee performance and development but leadership style plays a significant role and not to be underestimated. An awareness of leadership styles and their consequences are very important because it may either facilitate or inhabit skill development. The major theories on leadership are the traits, leadership styles and contingency theories.
(Nursing Times). Nursing is gaining influence in all aspect of healthcare practice, therefore it is important for nurses to develop good leadership skills at the early stage of their practice which is the key to all nursing career and nurse managers can become good leaders with effective training and enhancement of their skills in leadership. Most nursing managers are tossed around by their leaders when they themselves are leaders in their capacities. A nursing manager aspiring to become a leader must be committed to excellence and passion for patient’s advocacy, employee’s protection and be a role model, living by example.
The definitions of leadership appearing in the first three decades of the 20th century emphasized control and centralization of power (Northouse, 2016, p.2). In the early 1900s research began to see if leaders possessed certain traits or characteristics that would distinguish
However, there are certain strategies that can overcome these barriers. For instance, the nurse’s resistance to change and poor communication of objectives is overcome by constant communication of the benefits of this leadership style not just through word, but also through actions until they understand its
Some three main leadership theories can be incorporated in the nursing field. There is the grand man theory, the trait theory, and the transformational theory. Thomas Carlyle in the Great Man theory states that leadership is for the people who are born to be great. Leaders are predominantly identified with their acts and accomplishments. For someone to fit in the nursing leadership slot, they should show their competence and purpose to serve in the higher positions (Spector, 2016).
Mosadeghard (2003) had pointed out different styles of leadership. These styles are: autocratic, bureaucratic, laissez-faire, charismatic, democratic, participative, situational, transactional, and transformational leadership. Aioanei (2006) explained that in autocratic leadership style, organization is highly centralized. Leaders are more concerned with the tasks to be performed rather than developing relations. In this type of leadership employees are less involved and most of the decisions are made by the management.
Leadership has been defined in a variety of ways, there are multiple authors and theorists who have tried to define and understand leadership, all leading to varying theories and conclusions, but one thing that is universally understood is the importance of effective leadership and how someone with good leadership skills can impact so many people around them. (Kakabadse and Kakabadse, 1999; Yukl, 2002; Northouse,2013) The main components that have been identified to play a role in leadership are relations between leader and subordinates, interaction form between leader and followers, the influence that the leader has, the way in which the leader behaves and finally a leader’s traits. (Yukl, 2002) These elements that make up a leader, are then used as building blocks to identify the way in which each specific leader deals with its followers.