Leadership Traits In Leadership

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Relationship between Leader Traits, Motives and Effectiveness Introduction The presence of certain inherent traits and their impact on leadership has been one of the earliest topics of research into leadership. After a long period of being relegated to the background, the importance of leadership traits is being appreciated by recent scholars. This paper addresses how leader traits continue to determine the effectiveness of leaders, however, within the constraints imposed by the environment and situation. The influence of leader motives as shaped by their need for acquiring more power and influence, forming positive relationships with subordinates, and personal self-actualization also has a moderating influence on leader outcomes, which is…show more content…
In fact, Zaccaro, Wood and Herman (2006) argue, the leadership traits also determine the ability of the leader to acquire new attributes and skills that might expand the leader’s skill set and thus increase his or her effectiveness in a diverse array of settings. In this way, leadership traits can determine the effectiveness of training and development opportunities offered to the leader by the organization. At the same time, cognitive capacities and motive for self-actualization can make the leader more effective at learning from experience and thus adopting more effective leadership skills to employ in different types of…show more content…
(2005) leadership traits such as charisma were found to be related with effective leadership performance as far as motivating subordinates was concerned. In the study that the authors conducted with 73 CEOs from mainly small and medium-sized firms, it was found that leaders who possessed a charismatic personality were more likely to be associated with subordinates who demonstrated a positive attitude towards work (De Hoogh et al., 2005). As far as positive work attitude may be linked to effective performance, charismatic leaders may be said to have achieved their objectives of enhancing the performance levels of their subordinates. Interestingly, it was also found that leaders were more likely to employ charismatic behaviors when they possessed a high need for power. Hence, the manifestation of traits appears to be influenced by the motives of the leaders. Practical experience shows that leaders tend to be effective when they employ traits or behaviors according to the needs of the situation. Hence, it may be seen that the effectiveness of leadership depends on the ability of the leader to identify the needs of the situation, organization, tasks and subordinates. This approach has been highlighted in other models of leadership such as the situational theory of leadership. At the same time, some of the most successful leaders such as Bill Gates and Steve Jobs are known for different traits which suit the needs of their industry and are admired by
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