Lean manufacturing helps companies maintain and increase their profits and earning. It also helps them generate a little more savings as the costs are lower. As lean manufacturing tries to eliminate wasted space, this proves to be an advantage to implementing it within your
Besides that, lean manufacturing is the concept of anything that does not create value in the product should be eliminated. In short word, it is concept of more value but for less work (The Folk Group, 2009). According to Meyers and Stewart (2002), lean manufacturing is the concept which all production employees work together to eliminate the waste. Taylor was described lean manufacturing as a process level. He describes lean as designs the process that only will create value in the product as much as possible (Taylor, 1880 & 1990).
The other two consulting firms stepped in for the lean con-cepts: “A3-thinking and coaching” and “making materials flow”. Due to the out-sourcing to consulting firms, this can be considered as a decrease in top manage-ment involvement. However, it also means top management provides enough re-sources for their lean conversion. When Daktronics started their lean implementation for the LED assembly, the lean team met three times a week. This shows the seriousness of the project and the involvement of the entire lean team.
The foundations of lean operations is routed and combined with the Japanese auto manufacturing company, Toyota. Toyota introduced the Toyota Productions System (TPS) and it was the driver which helped the company to grow (Ohno, 1988). However, later on the concept of TPS was refined and disseminated by the MIT project team and was renamed “lean” (Womack, 1990). Lean operations were firstly developed in the manufacturing industry and a successful implementation would be to promote operational flow efficiency and achieve effective cost reduction ( Portioli, 2010). The main idea of the lean operations is a business system which main goal is to eradicate wastes and to develop constant business flow.
They no longer had the resources or manpower to produce the amount of vehicles they were before the disaster hit. The Lean methodology can be used nowadays for more than just the manufacturing industry. It can be used in any business at all. I am completing my degree in Health Care Administration and we can use this concept to maximize value for our patients. The key to any business is to always be making improvements.
In the 21st century global industry, many manufacturing companies have been keen to implement the new strategy and new management techniques especially automotive manufacturing company and modern production for the competitiveness and efficiency of the company. They have taken a system which is lean manufacturing as a management tool. Many of them have adopted this technique under different names and in various forms. Lean manufacturing started at Toyota factories in Japan, known as the Toyota Production System (TPS). Lean manufacturing has been widely known and implemented since 1960.
Lean manufacturing is additionally characterized as a far reaching way to deal with the removal of waste from any operation; a business improvement technique that provides a way to accomplish more with less while coming closer to furnishing consumers with precisely what they want. Lean manufacturing is said to be ‘lean’ because it utilizes less of everything – half the human effort in the factory, half the manufacturing space, etc. (Womack et al. 1990, Simons and Taylor, 2007, Epply, 2000). Holweg (2007) expressed Lean as philosophy of manufacturing that joins a collection of tools, standards and procedures into the business process to enhance time, HR and profitability, while boosting the quality level of items and services to their
CHAPTER: - 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 INTRODUCTION Lean manufacturing derives it name from the manufacturing systems and processes one of them sand casting. Sand casting production system that are so effective at producing at low cost, and short cycle times. These systems are highly flexible and responsive to customer requirements. But there are many defect produce in the sand casting. this defect part are inclusion, blow hole, shrinkage, scar, scab, drop, penetration, wash, rate tail, hot tear, swell, shift, etc.
Quality at the source. Lean comes from Lean Manufacturing and is a set of principles for achieving quality, speed & customer alignment .Lean is a customer-centric methodology used to continuously improve any process through the elimination of waste in everything you do; it is based on the ideas of “Continuous Incremental Improvement” and “Respect for People.” Lean is a set of operating philosophies and methods that emphasizes the consideration of the customer’s needs, employee involvement and continuous improvement. Lean is respectful