Leavitt's Model Of Organizational Change

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This chapter begins with the description of organizational change in various degrees. Also, an explanation of organizational change is provided, and what internal and external forces drive organizational change is discussed. Organizational change is a process where an organization reviews and modifies its structure, strategies, technologies or organizational culture according to the change within the organization or to external circumstances (Kirpatrick, 2001). For instance, back in 1981, British Airways appointed Lord King as the new chairperson, who noticed that the company was working inefficiently and valuable resources were being wasted. To increase profits, he decided to restructure the whole organization by reducing its workforce and…show more content…
When change happens in any one of the four areas it affects the entire system. Leavitt’s model also helps organizations to assess the impact of the proposed change, so employees or managers can plan and provide for those impacts in advance (Ugdyk, n.d). The analysis of the impact of the proposed change is best explained through an example. A new skill-based assessment procedure has been introduced by Company A for its filed engineers. The engineers will be evaluated mainly on their skills under this new system. They will be expected to catch up with the latest development in their field and use them effectively. First, the primary change occurs in the task component of the Leavitt structure. The work unit has to take on the new task of conducting skill-based assessments. Engineers in Company A may feel it is hard to adapt to the new system and a lot of resistance occurs from them. Questions such as “Will it involve a large amount of work?” “Will I have enough time to track new development?” may emerge from engineers’ mind. The new assessment procedure may not align with the original pattern. A group of more skilled employees may needed by the new procedure, and these employees may better positions and higher payment. Once the new procedure established, the organizational need change to be made to computer system, and nee technology and training seminars to help with continuous learning for…show more content…
From Company A’s analysis, it reveals that a great deal of anxiety and pressure to the engineers when there is new assessment procedure. In order to change successfully, Company A has to design an integrated strategy that addresses all of the issues above. A successful organizational change is a process to minimize employees’ concerns and cost to the organization and at the same time to maximize the effectiveness of the change
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