In other words, Berkshire can sell some of its debtor invoices(receivables) to a third party financial organization (factor).The transaction normally happens at a discount(advanced up to 80% in return for a commission and interest is charged for the amount advanced) in return for prompt cash, but with recourse of liability. If the original debtors do not pay, factor will not take the responsibility and the eventual liability will come back to Berkshire. Short Term Loans If the company faces financial deficit for a while then short term funding would be a good one. Short term loan is for less than a year to finance our short-term working capital needs. Banks might be willing to provide a short-term loans.
Danquis DeArmond Management 325 Saint Leo University 5/16/2016 First, we have Tax-Favored. Being Tax-Favored is favorable in tax terms for firms or companies to raise money through debt instead of going through the stock market. A company raises money through the stock market, and when that happens it is submitted to get taxed two times. This means the company’s earnings are taxed as part of the corporate income tax, after this is done normally the profits that are leftover get paid out to shareholders as dividends. The dividends are taxed as well.
The capital business sector is the business sector for securities, where organizations and the legislature can raise long haul stores. The capital business sector incorporates the stock exchange what 's more, the security market. Money related controllers, for example, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, direct the capital markets in their individual nations to guarantee that financial specialists are ensured against extortion. The capital markets comprise of the essential business sector, where new issues are appropriate to financial specialists, and the optional business sector, where existing securities are exchanged. (n.d.).
Hill Country practices the conservative capital structure, which has excessive liquidity and lower interest rates that will bring negative impacts on the company’s financial performance measures. So, it is a good opportunity for Hill Country to implement a more aggressive capital structure. For example, the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of this company can increase the leverage ratio by either increase the debt or reduce the equity or both. At first, debt financing usually used when a firm raises money for capital expenditures by issuing debt instruments to individual or institutional investors. In return for lending the money, the firm need to pay the principal plus interest payment at some agreed time in the future.
Answers for Candy a) Type of information each financial statement provides • Balance sheet Balance sheet reported assets, liabilities and stockholders' equity. Assets represent all the elements that a company owns and uses to generate revenue. Liabilities include money owed to creditors of assets or other financing purposes. The assets include investments made in the business or the capital invested by the owners (Collier, 2015). • Income statement The income statement reports the profit of the company during a given accounting period.
Secondly, according to Gad (2013), he said ‘a hedge fund's investment universe is only limited by its mandate. A hedge fund can basically invest in anything - land, real estate, stocks, derivatives, currencies. Mutual funds, by contrast, have to basically stick to stocks or bonds’. Furthermore, leverage is an useful method to make more profit in hedge funds, which often use borrowed money to amplify their returns. The last characteristic is fee structure.
Mini Case CH-4 A) Par or face value, Coupon rate, Maturity ,Issue date and Default risk. B) Call provision: a provision in the contract of the bond which gives the issuer the ability to redeem the bond before its maturity date. Sinking fund provision: a provision in the contract of the bond that requires the institution issuing the bond to retire a portion of the bond annually. Risk: Call provision: Risky for investor and the relatively safe for the issuer. Sinking fund provision: Risky for issuer and the relatively safe for the investor.
In other words, it is the amount of money that the banks can lend out to investors. Monetarists differ from keynesians in the ideology that monetary policy in more effective to control and manage the economy as a whole with wages, price levels, employment, money supply, inflation, etc. They believe that the government subsidized bank, known as the FED can control the economy and that fiscal policy only affects specific companies, and a small percentage of the population. Monetarist theory asserts that variations in the money supply have major influences on national output in the short run and on price levels over longer periods. A typical monetarists would be opposed to the government role of controlling taxes and wages and instead believe that the central bank can adversely control all of the necessary regulations the economy
As required, commercial banks keep a set fraction of all accepted deposits on reserve. Accordingly, a central bank can maintain control of this reserves by lending to commercial banks and changing the rate of interest on such loans. A decrease in the interest rate will increase the demand for borrowing and vice versa, an increase in interest rate will decrease the demand. Any change in the demand for money play a role in the setting of price levels. An increase in demand for money will raise spending levels and eventually raise prices.