Euthanasia, meaning ‘gentle, easy death’, is known as the act of ending somebody’s life painlessly in order to relieve suffering. This is a common topic for debate, with many arguments about whether it is morally wrong to end somebody’s life in the circumstances of extreme illness. People such as Joseph Fletcher, founder of Situation Ethics, may suggest that euthanasia may be the most loving thing in certain situations, and is therefore morally right. However, other people, such as Aquinas, founder of Natural Moral Law, would disagree, stating that it goes against the precept of preserving life, and is therefore morally wrong, no matter the situation. Although there are some situations in which euthanasia could be exploited, my thesis will argue that it is not always morally wrong to end someone’s life in the circumstances in which euthanasia would be contemplated.
Doctors are not only required to not do intentional harm to the patient, but they are also required to go the route of treatment that would most benefit the patient without regards to themselves. Beneficence is a principle where doctors are expected to do no intentional harm to their patience, due to non-maleficence, but they are also expected to help a patient in a way that benefits the patient. For example, if a patient who just had bypass surgery wants to continue to smoke despite the doctor’s recommendation that they quit, the doctor has done everything they can to help the patient (Pantilat). The patient, in this case, was informed about what continuing to smoke would do but chose to continue to smoke. The doctor suggested a route of further treatment, but the patient made an informed decision that went against the suggestion.
Other issues arise when a person is declared dead when they really aren’t because sometimes mistakes can be done in authentication. Living donors are not left out either in ethical discussions. Some think it is wrong to mutilate a person for the sake of another. For instance, the catholic denomination consider organ transplantation unethical because it goes against the totality principle which states that one part of the body can be sacrificed for the well-being of the rest of the body. No one is obliged to give their organs as a donation and therefore the informed consent has also been an ethical issue.
Autonomy: In a healthcare setting, the right of a patient to make informed choices about their body is defined as autonomy. The moral principle of respect for autonomy directs healthcare providers to refrain from preventing patients from making their own decisions unless these choices pose serious risks to the patient or society. This means that an informed and competent patient has the ability to either accept or decline treatments, surgeries and medications. From the information gathered in the assignment case, it can be assumed that Joseph is in a rational state of mind. It can be argued that the standard of autonomy has not been met since the doctor has not fully informed Joseph of the reasons why he should quit smoking and lower his BMI
Therefore, many disapprove since it goes against the religious belief of a natural death. As a matter of fact, “Christianity believes that switching off life-support machines of brain-dead people is not wrong because it alleviates suffering so it is compassionate” (Argument for euthanasia, 2013). Although euthanasia is not universally approved, it remains as a common option for patients and their families. How terrible it is for those who get left behind. When people are faced with brutal dilemmas,
It won’t be weak. If a weak heart is given, the problems are numerous. This small passage from Organ Donation: MedlinePlus. (2014, March), “Generally, living donors should be physically fit, in overall just live a healthy life, between the ages of 18 and 60, and should not have (or have had) diabetes, cancer, high blood pressure, kidney disease, or heart disease.” A person who is living and wishes to donate should be sure that they have no disease like cancer or heart disease and have an overall healthy body. People also need to consider that as the potential donor must consider the possibility of adverse health effects after donation—as well as the potential to save the life of the recipient, who may be a loved one.
While it is desirable to save both the baby and the mother, sometimes only one can be saved. According to my ethical theory, the woman should die because that is not murder, it is natural causes. It may seem harsh, but God knows when we will live and die, and sometimes a woman is not supposed to live through her pregnancy. If the baby dies, it is murder because the baby had a chance at life, but it was prevented from experiencing life. Life is so important to God that he says anyone who murders should die.
Quintana had been unconscious for days and was suffering from pneumonia and septic shock. Didion recalls that she was mixing the salad for dinner when she noticed her husband stop mid-sentence and slump over. Within an hour of calling the paramedics, John was pronounced dead (p. 22). Within an hour, her husband had gone from living and breathing in his living room recliner, to a death certificate marked 10:18 p.m. Immediately, Didion begins her quest for answers, explanations, and solutions; solutions that, in her mind, might bring John
The ethics of nursing has contributed too many of the principles balcony of the in medical profession such as good, do no harm, and respect for autonomy and the excellence to maintain the dignity of the patient and the care co-op. the ethics of nursing contributed also towards more duty nurse respect for human rights of the patient, and this is reflected in the number of professional codes for nurses. Requires from health care providers to keep a patient’s personal health information private unless consent to release the information is provided by the patient”. (Jessica De Bord et al ,2013).All information concerning the client is considered personal property and is not to be discussed with other clients or outside the hospital setting. In addition, Create an environment of trust by respecting patient privacy encourages the patient to get care, to be honest, when as much as possible, this stimulates the patient to accept the full health for conditions that might be stigmatizing for example: public health, reproductive, sexual, and psychiatric health concerns, confidentiality ensures that private information will not be disclosed to family or employers without their consent.
The right to life includes the right to die: not just a mere existence but a right to life with a minimum quality and value. Individuals have the right to try and make the events in their lives as good as possible inclusive of dying. If the process of death is unpleasant, people should have the right to shorten it, and thus reduce the unpleasantness. Though individuals have obligations to family and society at large, nonetheless these obligations do not outweigh a person 's right to refuse medical treatment that they do not want (7). Every patient has the freedom of choice and should be given that choice.