Although each colony had many different ideas, they were brought together by the idea of actual representation, saying that England needed to give them the rights of regular Englishmen. The British government said they had the rights because they favored virtual representation. After realizing they had no voice in England, the colonists eventually decided to declare independence and start a democracy. I am in favor of actual representation because it allows for active representation rather than passive. By this I mean that the one who is representing a specific area or party gets to actually experience what is going on, rather than just being reported back to by other
Both the English Bill of Rights and Thomas Paine's Common Sense displayed interesting and creditable views regarding how to develop and maintain a well-functioning society through a well-structured government. The English Bill of Rights aligned a list of basic rights granted to individuals which included fair taxation and forbid cruel and unusual punishment. Common Sense is a well articulate essay that urges for the independence of the thirteen colonies from the British. In his text, Paine noted the importance of differentiating society and government, and condemned the practices of British monarchies (Paine, 62). Both documents theorized that political authority over the people should be fluid and well-constructed through a fair and equal governing body in order to ensure a equal and well-functioning society .
John Locke wrote that the purpose of electing legislative powers was to create laws and rules that protected the “properties of all the members of society,” a natural right of mankind (5). Enlightened thought presented by Locke outlined the formation for a new government that served the people of the nation, restoring their rights and liberties, rather than just the
Once adopted in 1780, the Massachusetts constitution could be changed only by another specially called constitutional convention. This procedure was later imitated in the drafting and ratification of the federal Constitution. In the British, a constitution was not a written document, but rather an accumulation of laws, customs, and precedents. Americans invented something different. The documents they drafted were contracts that defined the powers of government, as did the old colonial charters, but they drew their authority from the people, not from the royal seal of a distant king.
Jefferson uses logos in the list because he’s using actually examples that the British king did, to appeal to the logic of the colonists, about why they are separating from Britain. A scholarly article through Penn State, written by Tim Burgoyne, also analyzed the Declaration of Independence. In his analysis he stated, “Further examples of logos is seen in the numerous grievances listed. Every single one of them is one reason why the colonies are choosing to separate from Britain” (Burgoyne). Once again, one can see the use of personification, done thru the capitalization of words, which emphasizes the importance of them.
The Magna Carta’s Influence “The Magna Carta was a document issued by the English noblemen who demanded rights from the king and limited the rights of the king’s power,” (A). The document had monumental effects that reverberate throughout the world today. The Magna Carta is an indispensable document to democracy because it has impacted many other substantial texts, protects citizen’s legal rights, and guarantees individual freedoms. The Magna Carta has influenced numerous documents that give rights to the people. The document changed the way acts and thinks by changing the political and social order of countries.
The United States of America established itself as a nation that advocated a political system subjected to the construct of democracy. This system was created to represent its citizens so that they may not grow weary in a tyrant monarchy, such as that of the British before the American Revolution . The forefathers gathered to establish a constitution that respected the rights of its citizens and debated with much tension to how authority would be exercised in such a representative government. History has shared an active evolution to the structure of government within the United States , yet America today is actively still subjected to the famous political party establishment that was made in the years of 1783-1815. The political party commonly known were the Federalist and the Democratic Republicans – two very different ideal groups that helped change America.
From the time of King Charles II, the British monarchy has accepted the policy of mercantilism, the economic belief that a nation can only gain wealth at the expense of another; it was Britain's motivation of founding colonies. The american colonies were a wealth of resources for their mother country. For about one hundred years, 1650-1750, the British government did not strictly enforce mercantilism in the colonies; however, after the French and Indian War Britain changed its colonial policies. From the declaration of the Proclamation Line, the official end to the French and Indian War, in 1763 to the signing of the Declaration of Independance in 1776, the colonies produced several violent demonstrations showing their support for Enlightenment
Before writing Common Sense a lot of the political theories created by other philosophers were implemented within the pamphlet and also argued. For example, Montesquieu developed the theory of the separation of powers, a theory written within the constitution and adopted by many other nations. We are also given Paine’s perspectives on certain issues like the implementation of a constitutional monarchy, which was formulated by John Locke, in which Paine argued on what’s the point of having a monarch where certain limits could be avoided due to the monarch’s influence. That is why the English constitution involves a house of commons who are appointed by the king, known to be wiser helps keeps the king’s power in check, but lacks the power to create or pass laws which contradicts Montesquieu theory. By following this, Paine states “that the king is not to be trusted without being looked after; or in other words, that a thirst for absolute power is the natural disease of monarchy.” From this statement Paine gives us the key issue towards this system of government, where separation of powers will play a large role within our democratic system, so that the President can avoid having absolute power.
Because of British traditions in government, and the distance between the thirteen colonies and Great Britain the colonies started developing democratic features in their government. Some features like equality, voting, and human rights were adopted. The colonial America’s democratic government had some undemocratic features so democracy was a work in progress. Some examples of democratic features, works in progress, and undemocratic things are representative government, unfair voting, and selective human rights. An example of a democratic feature in the government at the time is that they held elections for the representatives in the House of Burgesses.