Leo Strauss: The Problem Of Political Philosophy

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Leo Strauss defined Political Philosophy in his journal, What is Political Philosophy? The problems of Political Philosophy as the attempt to know genuine knowledge of the standards which apply in political things and in political order (1969). The aforementioned discipline can be traced back to Athens, to the time of Socrates which can be seen in Plato’s work, The Republic, where he discussed in the form of discourse between Socrates, Cephalus, Thrasymachus and Polemarchus the meaning of justice which later then expanded to kinds of unjust society. Socrates was considered the founder of the political philosophy because of his questions of “What is…” that concerned human beings, how they live and things that involve their living such as the polis. (Strauss & Cropsey, History of Political Philosophy, 1987). He may not be the first philosopher but he was the first to explicitly ask on things that are of political-concern (ibid.)
Today, political philosophy is viewed as similar to “ideology” (ibid.). It traces its roots to Philosophy, both being the quest of searching knowledge and for the truth (Strauss, What is Political Philosophy? The problem of Political Philosophy, 1969). It has become questionable and
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But other than this, political theory has become somewhat a middle ground, a junction of political philosophy and political science. Political theory is both normative and empirical. While political philosophy is normative and political science is empirical. It has become the neutral aspect of political study – possessing both what the other disciplines in politics
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