Atomic power testament provides the nations with new means of destruction. The atomic bombs at our disposal mean only the first step in this direction and in that respect is almost no limit to the destructive power which will become available in the course of this development. Szilard organized his letter in a logical way hence the intended message is brought out emphatically. The letter opens with a strong introduction that indicates the dangers posed to the American nation as a result of the discovery of the atomic bomb, and its subsequent placement into the hands of the American military. The author then explains that the atomic bombs were useful in case America was at the threat of being attacked by the same weapons, but the phase of war then, did not favor the US using atomic bombs on Japan.
Devastation Caused by Atomic Power “To the Congress of the United States: Yesterday, Dec 7, 1941- a date which will live in infamy. ”(Roosevelt) These famous words were spoken by the President and Commander in Chief Franklin D. Roosevelt. The actions by Japan to attack the naval base of Pearl Harbor on United States soil during a point in which we were neutral sent America quickly to declare themselves as part of World War II. “Petition to the President” by Leo Szilard is a letter written to President Roosevelt from a group of the Scientists who help create the atomic bomb.
In 1945, when it became open knowledge that President Truman and his cabinet planned on using atomic weapons against Japan, a group of scientists who had worked on the project that led to the Atomic bomb, decided to protest. With Leo Szilard in the lead, an appeal was written to the President. This petition asked the President “to rule that the United States shall not, in the present phase of the war, resort to the use of atomic bombs” (Szilard). This letter contained the use of both ethos and pathos in hopes of convincing the President to change his point of view. While the use of pathos and egos was effective, the fact that Szilard was a nuclear physicist would have leant greater credibility to his letter than trying to appeal emotionally
Much care was put into the development of this new weapon at the Los Alamos, New Mexico testing facility. Some of our greatest minds designed this weapon, despite its terribly destructive nature. The President as given the tool to win the war, so he decided to use it. The decision to drop the bomb is a testament to the strength and ingenuity of the United States.
In late 1942, the US decided it was time for them to take action in the war and do something to stop it. Three years prior the scientific community some how discovered that the German scientists learned how to split an uranium atom. Everyone was soon scared at the possibility of German scientists using that huge amount of energy to produce a bomb capable of massive destruction. Our well known scientists Albert Einstein and Enrico Fermi escaped from nazis. They both agreed that the president of the United States needed to know about the dangers that the Germans could cause.
President Harry Truman gave an executive order in 1945 to drop to atomic bombs in popular downtown cities in Japan. With the guidance of many scientists and political leaders President Truman made the extremely tough decision to drop the bombs. After listening to arguments from both sides President Truman came to the conclusion that dropping bombs would be the best thing to do for this war. It would also show that the United States had an extreme military power. Many American politicians were for the idea of dropping the bomb, because they believed that it was the only way to end the war and get Japan to surrender.
The atomic bomb has a background rich with blood of the innocent and guilty alike, but it also has links to freedom and victory. In August of 1945 President Harry S. Truman placed the okay to drop the atomic bomb on Japan, ultimately ending WWII in the Pacific. The atomic bomb made a devastating impact in Japan, but it lead to V-J Day in WWII. Behind the tragedy put on Japan the bomb created an end to suffrage in European countries, Russia, and America. If I had the chance to convince President Truman I would implore he search for other alternative routes than the extremity of the atomic bomb, but if it was the only way I would say he should use the bomb.
Some argue that it was the single most offensive act that the United States has ever committed, but it was necessary at the time. The bomb is used to paint the United States as evil villains. Looking at Japanese treatment of our soldiers at the march if Baatan, and the nations total commitment to victory, we can see why the decision was made. Atomic bomb aside, I do not see the United States abandoning its principle of humanitarianism during the War. After the war, the United States did everything in its power to rebuild both Japan and Germany.
Technological Advancements Effects Within Society Albert Einstein, a theoretical physicist, once said,”It has become appallingly obvious that our technology has exceeded our humanity. ”During the 1950s, the first atomic bomb was created, The Manhattan Project, and released on Japan by the United States. From this event, author Ray Bradbury wrote a short story in hopes that the citizens of the US will understand that technology has destroyed them rather than saved them. This science fiction short story “August 2026: There Will Come Soft Rains,” is about a world set in 2026 where the world fought each other with nuclear weapons.
This article, written by Tom Nichols begins by expressing an explanation to why Truman dropped the bomb on Japan. Nichols starts off by questioning if the dropping of the “special bombs” was actually necessary. He then goes on to explain that back in 1945 this decision was the right one and that Truman thought that by dropping the bombs it would bring the war to a close. As the article goes on Nichols continues to question the use of the bomb, whether it was a racist act, done for political means, and if Truman would have used the nuclear weapon on the Germans. This article is a great resource for my research paper, because it provides the possible reasoning to why Truman made the official decision to drop the bomb.
Sidney Shalett’s article “First Atomic Bomb Dropped on Japan” states America dropped the first made atomic bomb in Hiroshima, Japan and warned Japan to surrender in World War 2. Shalett captures the expression and tone of President Truman as “utmost solemnity” when he announced about the first atomic bomb, proving this event take a big role for the United States in the war. The words “utmost solemnity” literally mean the state of extremely being formal or serious, and the atomic energy proves “a tremendous force for the advancement of civilization as well as destruction” (Shalett) reinforce this idea to be a serious matter that can’t be avoid. The word “advancement” – a promotion to higher position or rank - mostly happen in the status of
One of them being the famous Albert Einstein. FDR and Stalin warned Tojo( Leader of Japan) that if they dont surrender they will “prompt and utter destruction” will happen. Japan declined the surrender. The atomic bomb was dropped twice. One on Hiroshima, and the other on Nagasaki.
(Ham 3, History). The atomic bomb was at no means justified. President Truman was informed of the potential damage of the bomb and the United States, clearly, had other less violent options. Yet, they were set on the most harmful choice to claim superiority and demonstrate revenge through the atomic bomb.
Throughout history, a military stands vital to protect a country in the event of an invasion. With the newly created Atomic Bomb, destruction and warfare enters a whole new light. The Atomic Bomb creates an unbalanced power, allowing one country to strike the other country with greater force than ever seen before. Albert Einstein and Dwight D. Eisenhower, the geniuses of their time, adopt varying views on the state of military in peacetime. Dwight D. Eisenhower states that military needs to stay always present so power stays balanced.
Gar Alperovitz’s (1995) The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb presents numbers of declassified information and historical evidences, as well as his rigorous analyses drawn from such documents. His knowledge and expertise gained through a distinguished career as a historian strongly supports against the justification of the use of the atomic bombs during World War II. In his book, Alperovitz (1995) raises an important question stating, “[h]ow could it be that what leading military figures believed – and now many historians had concluded – was so radically different from what the majority of Americans still believed?” (p. 7).