Some of the things that I was unaware of about Leonardo da Vinci, besides being a painter and inventor he was an architect and student of all things scientific. When Leonardo is mentioned the things that I do know about him are that he created two famous paintings the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper. That there are a couple of movies based off of his theories and inventions and a television show about his life, beyond that he was just a Renaissance Master. Some of the things I did learn were that his father was an attorney and his mother a peasant they were never married and he had 17 half-siblings. He was raised by his uncle who had an appreciation of nature, some think this is where he picked up his connection to science and nature.
Leonardo Da Vinci once said, “The most praiseworthy form of painting is the one that most resembles what it imitates.” This observation is the design that Leonardo tried to follow in his art work throughout most of his life. Leonardo’s gift for drawing was apparent even when he was very young. After moving to Florence at the age of twelve the young Leonardo started as an apprentice to Verrocchio, one of the most well-known artists in Florence at that time.
In the book "How to think like Leonardo Da Vinci", are a list of seven principles that greatly enhances a person's previous outlook and capabilities in life. All of these principles are beneficial in their own way, and due to this the difficulty varies. Nonetheless, all of the principles are worth mastering, or at least practicing. Though accomplishing this may require a lot of effort, the benefit more then outweighs the work. Of all the seven principals that are included within Da vinci's book, I found "Arte/Scienza" to be the most intricate and difficult.
Leonardo Da Vinci Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci, more commonly Leonardo da Vinci, was born on April 15,1452 in Anchiano which is a small village in Florence, Italy. Not much is known about Leonardo’s early years. He had twelve half siblings who were all younger than him. Throughout his life he received an informal education in Latin, geometry ,and mathematics.
Murillo was also a Baroque painter and was considered one of the best of his time. In his early work he focused on light without changing the contrast too much. In 1640’s he changed his style to included subtle light changes while using transparent colors (arthistoria).
Leonardo da Vinci was a man of both science and art, which in turn brought a curiosity to all that he did. He studied light, shadows, perspective and many other subjects that would help the images he was painting to appear more lifelike. He had many questions involving light and showing and how to portray it accurately on canvas. In one of Da Vinci’s notebooks he drew pictures of lighted candles showing the principles of light and shadow he learned. One principle being that a shadow cast at the highest light will be the shortest.
The portrait is an oil painting. Leonardo Da Vinci not only had an immediate impact on artists, but he also had a long term impact on artists. A long term impact that Leonardo had is his use of sfumato in his works. By using this technique, it helped enhance the details that Leonardo put in his different paintings. Sfumato is still used today, and is used for the same reasons that Leonardo Da Vinci used the techniques for.
In Medieval art, figures and the background were disproportional, but thanks to an architect named Filippo Brunelleschi who created a 3D grid that allowed painters to have dimensionality in their paintings while on a 2D surface. In The Tribute Money, the grid is not incorporated quite yet. However, Mosaccio, understands that the building behind the figures should be getting smaller as they move farther back in the painting. Massacio also uses the play of light and shadow called chiaroscuro to give the painting dimension. The fact that the figures have shadows gives them a realistic look, and not just flat on the canvas as the figures in Medieval art.
Leonardo Da Vinci used many elements to create moods and themes in his paintings. Some of the most apparent and important ones include light and shadow. For example, in his painting “The Last Supper”, he frames Jesus in the center, in a sort of “halo” of light, a common theme in old religious paintings. This draws the eye to the main theme, Jesus Christ.
Galileo Galilei was the first person who proposed the concept of free fall. His famous trials led to the discovery that all objects free fall at the same rate/velocity, despite their mass. According to the story, Galileo dropped balls of different mass from the Leaning Tower of Pisa to help prove his ideas. A freely falling body is an object that is moving under the force of gravity. These objects have a downwards acceleration toward the center of the earth from the center of gravity.
The High Renaissance was about naturalism and the artists from that time captured that ideal in impeccable detail, creating art that was and still is something to marvel at. One example of this is Leonardo da Vinci's Madonna of the Rocks (Fig 17-2, 1483-1490, oil on wood (transferred to canvas)). Madonna is an amazing work in which da Vinci captured the softness of the moment perfectly in the expressions and movements of the characters as well as the lighting of the scene. Another work from the High Renaissance that shows off incredible detail is Raphael's Philosophy, also known as School of Athens (Fig 17-9, 1509-1511, Fresco). Raphael's imagining of this gathering of great minds is large in scope and detail.
This technique created what he described as a , a compound color that is composed of, but which differs from, each of the simple colors. ”One of his most well-known paintings, the Mona Lisa, displays some of the techniques used by da Vinci in its grandeur. For instance, the use of sfumato gave the painting an illusion of somberness and mystery, while his choice of color palette reflects why her lips and eyes are so pale. In The Last Supper, da Vinci used tempera over an underpainting made from ground pigments called gesso, which caused the painting to become almost unrecognizable 100 years later. He also painted directly on the stone wall surface rather than painting on wet plaster, as was the norm, which means it is not a true fresco
Benjamin (1955:795) defines the term ‘aura’ “as the unique appearance of distance, however close it may be”. This distance is the distance in terms of time and space (Benjamin1955: 795). It relates to the effect time has on a work of art, for example if one sees the brush strokes of the Monaliza and the effect of the elements and time on it, it takes one back in time. The ‘aura’ is the way one experience the history attached to the original work of art through its physical attributes. According to Benjamin (1955:793) the ‘aura’ of a work of art cannot be captured when one reproduce it.
Perspective was of great significance to the Renaissance artist as it embodied the aestheticism but also the intelligence in an artwork. The use of perspective was the logical justification and representation of space and by this mean