Leonardo Da Vinci: The Human Foot

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As stated by Leonardo da Vinci-----the celebrated Italian visual artist, sculptor, architect, researcher, instrumentalist, arithmetician, engineer, discoverer, anatomist, geologist, astronomer, mapmaker, botanist, historian and author ‘The human foot is a masterpiece of engineering and a work of art.’ No doubt he was very true because when you study the human foot, you find that it has 26 bones, 33 joints, 20 muscles and 107 ligaments. Your feet are bendablearrangements of bones, joints, muscles, and soft tissues that permit you to stand on two legs and carry outundertakings such aswalking, jogging, and hopping. Your feet are apportionedinto three units i.e. The forefoot: It encloses the five toes and the five lengthier bones The midfoot:It is a pyramid-like assortment of bones that shapethe arch of the foot. These consist of the three cuneiform bones, the cuboid bone, and the navicular bone. The hind foot: Itconfigures the heel and the ankle. The talus bone upkeepsthe leg bones (tibia and fibula), creating the ankle. The calcaneus (heel bone) is the biggest bone in your foot. Ligaments, muscles and tendonscourse along the planes of your feet, allowing the complexarrangementsdesirable for movement and steadiness. The Achilles tendon attaches your heel to the calf muscles and is indispensible for loping, hopping, and being upright on yourtoes. The typical length of an adult male foot isabout 26, 3centimeters whereas that of an adult female foot is about 24 centimeters. The

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