Essay On Lesotho

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Lesotho, or Kingdom of the Sotho, is located in Southern Africa and completely landlocked within South African borders. It has a population of over two million people.

Lesotho is a democratic, sovereign and independent country in the Southern Africa. Lesotho is a constitutional monarchy, one of three remaining monarchies in Africa. The present constitution came into force in 1993, shortly after the return to multiparty democracy. Lesotho is an enclaved, landlocked country in Southern Africa, completely surrounded by South Africa, with a total length of the country’s borders of 909 km. The capital city of Lesotho is Maseru.

The known history of the area goes back some 40000 years, but modern history starts in around 1818, when various Sotho clans were united by chief Moshoeshoe I. The history of these people, calling themselves the Basotholand, was shaped through conflict first with the migrating Zulu, and then with Dutch and English European settlers. Wars with the Boer people
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The population of Lesotho holds a large proportion of poor people, and is low on the UN Human Development Index. The country also has high levels of HIV/AIDS. While adult literacy is high, access to basic services is still a problem in the country, and unemployment is relatively high.

Lesotho is classified as the 12th Least Developed Country in the World, and ranking at 8th position amongst the top 10 worst African economies. Lesotho is Sub-Saharan Africa’s second-largest exporter of clothing and textiles. Lesotho relies on South Africa for much of its economic activity. Lesotho imports 90% of the goods it consumes from South Africa, including most agricultural inputs. Lesotho’s main exports are clothing accounting a total of 40% and diamonds with 22% of the Gross Domestic Product in

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