An unjust law is “a code that is out of harmony with the moral law.” So any law that degrades human personality is unjust. King was put into jail for protesting the treatment of blacks in Birmingham, Alabama. Everything in Alabama was segregated, whether in schools, bathrooms, churches, or buses the blacks were always separated from the whites. Blacks faced a lot of discrimination during that time and they went about trying to solve this injustice the nonviolent way by protesting.
King was in Birmingham because injustice was prominent. King was arrested on April 16, 1963. for ignoring an injunction by the government. During King’s time in jail, which was for eight days, he wrote “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” His letter was written to justify his actions and to defend his acts of nonviolent protests.
They raised funds, held rallies, composed legal tactics, and decided to run two test cases. The first test case was thrown out by Judge Ferguson. Daniel Desdunes, a black man, boarded a white-only train car in Louisiana headed for Mobile, Alabama. He was arrested for violating the Separate Car Act of 1890 but the case went nowhere because he was not traveling within Louisiana state lines. Homer Plessy, the second test case, was chosen for his ability to look white enough to gain access to the train but black enough to be arrested and his travel would be within state
As the law supports an exclusive and racist society, humans must find a way to break the negative trend. How you successfully make this change is doing what the Freedom Riders did. You make your voice heard loud and clearly but in a civil a fashion. This can be done through boycotts, protests, or even by doing the opposite of the trend as did the Freedom Riders. As one fights the powers holding them back and try to start a revolution they will face an ample amount of resistance.
Many conservatives did not support the boycott and saw King as the cancer of the movement , and, therefore, they would approve of his arrest. King was known amongst conservatives and liberals as law-abiding citizen who preached peaceful protests. Yet a person who is arrested is typically associated with crime, and the photograph calls to question the validity of King's lawful nature. The image works to criminalize King, and to depict him as culpable and at fault. King himself embodied the civil rights movement, and his arrest implies that the black protestors are criminals, which works to negatively portray black activists during the Bus Boycott.
On April 12, 1963, eight clergymen wrote an open letter, “A Call for Unity”. In this published letter, the clergymen expressed their strong disapproval of the civil rights demonstrations taking place in Birmingham, Alabama. That same day, civil rights leader, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested for protesting without a permit. In his short eleven-day jail sentence, Dr. King directly responded to the clergymen with a letter of his own. In his letter, Dr. King informed his readers about the protests in Birmingham.
In response to this verdict, nonviolent protests arose throughout Los Angeles neighborhoods, yet the outrage felt by African American citizens quickly consumed the peaceful
They want to make sure when punishing an immoral act, there is benefit to society. Shaw says this because utilitarianism does give established laws and reasoning behind them. Shaw also says that Utilitarians say that our system of punishment as it functions, succeeds in rehabilitating many convicts and discourages them from future mistakes. his reasons for saying this. I think that Utilitarians favor exploring the alternatives because doing something to someone, even a criminal, who has committed a heinous crime, morally wrong, and two wrongs do not make a right, it is setting the wrong view for society.
We believe that everyone is innocent until proven guilty. Once proven guilty, a person should receive punishment. This is the purpose of the justice system. The whole rule of double jeopardy defies this, not bringing justice to those who deserve it as it forbids for the accused to be tried again. It will be more beneficial to society as a whole if we abolish double jeopardy, to correct the mistakes of the justice system and essential for progression.
As we may know, breaking the law is not always justified. It may lead to dysfunction and chaos in our society. Laws are created and exist to keep the citizens secure, safe, and from behaving in a negative manner that will greatly affect the quality of our lives. Everyone knows that the law should not be broken due to them being an essential piece of humanity, however "the only reason the law should ever be broken by someone was if it was necessary to stay alive or to defeat injustice. The law should protect everyone and if it 's not doing that whether it be due to oppression or survival, it is OK to break it" (Debate.org).
Civil Disobedience Does peaceful resistance to laws positively or negatively impact a free society? Many people in today’s world question this; however, the United States wouldn’t be what it is now if people didn’t honorably protest. Respectable rallying has a positive effect on a free society because without it, there wouldn’t be anything free about society. It would be unheard of to even write an essay on such a controversial topic without someone first fighting for the right to speak one’s mind. Peaceful resistance has many accounts of having a positive effect on society.
Civil disobedience has always been a positive impact on a free society. It is a necessary freedom. We have seen in the past that it has made nothing but great changes. It has given me, and millions of other people countless opportunities. All of the people who have practiced civil disobedience have made revolutionary changes to our government.