Does Penelope exhibit any substantial moral agency in Homer’s Odyssey or is she just another pawn in the patriarchal game of getting glory for the guys? I SHALL ARGUE THAT Penelope plays a vital role in the way that the Odyssey plays out. Penelope, unlike other female characters in the classical world, shapes the way that her life unfolds. Through her actions in this epic poem, not only does Penelope create her own destiny, she gets her own glory. Penelope’s key dilemma centered on the instructions given to her by her husband, Odysseus, prior to his journey to fight in the Trojan War.
Odysseus & Penelope It was hard to Penelope to recognize her husband Odysseus when they were talking to each other’s in book 19. One of the biggest reasons that made her certain that her husband is died, is that he left for many years, and nobody told her truth about his location or about what is he doing. After she heard what the stranger have of stories about her husband, she told him with a warm heart about her dream. Penelope said that she saw an eagle in her dream came and killed all the suiters, and speaks to her with a human voice, and told her that he is her husband.
As we gather the ram, bull, and wild boar, Telemachus and I went to say farewell to my dearest Penelope and my two four-year-olds, my bright eyed daughters, Emily and Sophia. As we walked to to our home we saw the household gathered around, along with almost all of Ithaca. I spotted my Penelope with eyes of sorrow. I walked towards her as I realized that she believed that I would face the same fate of my last journey. “My dearest Penelope,” I told her.
Penelope was able to put off the wooers for so many years because she was just like her husband. She was a liar, crafty, and clever. Penelope always said that she would pick one of the suitors after she was finished weaving, but instead of actually weaving she would show her doing it during the day and then at night she would pull the thread out. She did this every night for three years until she got caught and had no more excuses. She did this every day hoping that odysseus would come
Many have argued that the ending of Homer’s Odyssey does not in fact end with book XXIV, but rather, Homer originally ends in book XXIII when Odysseus and Penelope go to bed together. Those who believe this statement say that the rest of book XXIII and book XXIV were later added by someone other than Homer. The notion that the book ends before the end of book XXIV is completely preposterous. First, book XXIV is where Larities is reunited with his son, Odysseus.
Myrsiadesr compares Penelope’s early recognition in book 19 to a game that only she and Odysseus are playing. Throughout this game only Penelope is aware of it, so she is able to make all of the rules. Odysseus is not aware that his wife recognizes him, before he relieves his identity to her. She is signifying throughout this entire game that she is the one in power. Which is why even after his identity is relieved she continues to test her husband to indicate she is the one in power.
Doherty throughout her book writes about many debatable topics regarding The Odyssey. In chapter 10, she writes about the reunion of Penelope and Odysseus. Throughout the chapter Doherty uses key moments throughout Penelope and Odysseus’s interactions, while Odysseus was dressed as the beggar. Within these moments she attempts to defend the argument that the intuitive Penelope theory is present. She uses the intuitive Penelope theory throughout the chapter to explain the structure of the poem, and why certain things seem to happen suddenly; such as the decision to hold the bow contest.
Lines 106-24 of Homer’s Odyssey take place at the start of the poem’s narrative. This passage forms a narrative and descriptive piece which depicts the scene as Athene arrives at court in Ithaka disguised as Mentes, King of the Taphians whom is a friend of Odysseus. Under disguise Athene is there to see the Son of Odysseus, Telemachos and details the scene upon her arrival. Upon her arrival the veiled Athene sees the ‘haughty suitors’ conveying to the reader their arrogant and overbearing presence in the poem. It is interesting how the cattle skins of which the suitors are sitting on are described in the passage as from the ones that they had killed.
Dusk fell upon me while I drifted across the sea; I was alone, as my men upset Lord Helios, disobeyed me, and paid the price for their wrong doings. As I drifted along the salty sea, my eyes rested upon a radiant island, shielded by rocks. I frantically swam toward the glorious isle, limbs moving feverishly, using all of my strength to get there. But I fear my struggles had infuriated Poseidon further, as I was tossed away by the tempestuous waves created by only him.
Homer’s The Odyssey tells the story of a man’s journey to return home but women play a significant role in the epic nonetheless. In particular, female characters Penelope, Circe, and Athena all play vital roles in Odysseus’ journey to Ithaca. To begin, Penelope is crucial because her character allows the reader to keep informed with the happenings in Ithaca. Penelope is depicted with cunning and wit traits similar to those of Odysseus although she is subjected to being downgraded and forced to follow the norm for women.
Women are not present on Odysseus’ journey to protect him from Poseidon's wrath. Athena, daughter of Zeus, notices his suffering and becomes his unseen maternal figure. In The Odyssey Homer portrays Athena as maternalistic towards Odysseus, “...she checked the course of all the winds but one,/ commanding, “be quiet and go to sleep. ”/ Then sent a long swell running under a norther/ to bear the prince Odysseus…” (V. 400-403).