Dr. King held true to the ancient philosopher, Aristotle, in his “Letter from Birmingham Jail” to defend the nonviolent resistance by using rhetorical appeals where he compels to his audience 's understanding of logic, emotions, and moral values. Logos refers to proof, or facts, provided by the words in Dr. King’s letter. Eight clergymen of Alabama wrote a letter to Martin Luther King Jr. on April 12, 1963 stating they understand the issue of racial segregation, but do not want the fight and tension to move into the public. The religious leaders criticize Dr. King’s actions as “unwise and untimely” and urged for honest and fair negotiations (Letter). Dr. King was arrested April 12, the same day the letter was written to him, thus he decided to spend his time in jail responding to the criticisms written by “men of genuine good will” (King 3).
For instance, “...what is it, but a tradition, though a recent one, endeavoring to transmit itself unimpaired prosperity…”(Thoreau 1). He thinks the government should be a tool for people to utilize, not something that stays the same, the way tradition stays the same, and is against the citizens. Martin Luther King has a similar general idea. For example, “I think I should indicate why I am here in Birmingham…”(King 1) This demonstrates he is writing his response to the clergyman to talk about the reason he is in jail.
Rachal LFBJ ABCBC In The Letter From Birmingham Jail by Martin Luther King Jr, the values of civil disobedience is presented through Logos and allusions. In the text it states, “In your statement you asserted that our actions, even though peaceful, must be condemned because they precipitate violence. But can this assertion be logically made?
Thrasymachus continues to claim his position but in a modified form of his first argument, after Socrates commented. Being unjust, Thrasymachus thinks, is better than being just because it 's stronger and leads to a more happy life. As before he, he only takes into consideration only the advantages or disadvantages of being just, and he doesn 't discuss what 's justice or how it plays a role in people. Essentially, this definition is an extreme extension of the previous one. The example he gives that a tyrant gets happy through being unjust and controlling draws us back to his first argument saying that ‘ruling being the advantage of the stronger '.
Dr. King’s way of speech in “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” starts off with, “My Dear fellow Clergymen,” which seems oddly reserved. He had learned that Birmingham clergymen had issued a declaration critiquing him and flattering the city’s narrow-minded police influence, when Dr. King had been in solitary quarantine. Due to this, anyone could agree that Dr. King had every right to write an enraged letter. However, his topic was not to go off on this matter, but to explain himself. Thus, Dr. King starts his letter with “fellow clergymen,” which depicts the main idea of his argument, which is “brotherhood.”
In the “Letter from Birmingham Jail” Martin Luther King Jr. is writing a letter to the clergyman in which he is trying to support his argument. He gives his point of view in which he indicates that segregation shouldn’t exist due to the fact that it interferes with the lives of everyone. Segregation created a negative impact on the environment and on the individuals living there. Some of the laws just end up discriminating others and that isn’t fair because some people were just privileged for being white. Just and unjust laws are created to “better the world” when in reality some people are hurt in the process, which is why individuals agree with Dr. King’s assertions.
Additionally, both King and Socrates are on a disaccord concerning the determining factor of just and unjust behavior. While Socrates relies on rational argument to be the expert on justice and the morality law, King sees the determining factor as grounded from God. As shown above, both Socrates and King have differing views on the obligations of a citizen in respects to the laws of the
King believed that Passive Resistance is for men to react to unjust law in a nonviolent way. “ One has not a legal, but a moral responsibility to obey just laws. Conversely, one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws.” King thought that you should obey the laws but when laws are unjust you should disobey them in a passive resistance way. Both Gandhi and King had similar ways of displaying peace in a passive resistance
His goal was to make the court understand his beliefs prove which type of knowledge is worth knowing. When talking about the wise man he examined, Socrates said, “Neither of us actually knows what Beauty and Goodness are, but he thinks he knows, even though he doesn’t; whereas I neither know nor think I know.” This shows that Socrates proved he was more wise than the titled wise man because instead of faking the knowledge, that wasn’t too important, he accepted that he did not know which would result in him then seeking for
Others may think different, but pathos and kairos are mainly used in the “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” because they give guilt to the clergy and a sense of urgency to the audience. Throughout the excerpt, King used pathos through saying the clergy does not have sympathy for segregation and King sees both sides, his and the clergy’s. He gives a sense of kairos by constantly saying “when” and giving experiences he has seen throughout his life. “The Letter from Birmingham Jail” is an accurate argument to defend peaceful protests and end
He wasn’t promoting rebellions. Instead he believed when one breaks an unjust law they must do it on their own will and accepts whatever happens to them. By doing so, King himself stayed in Birmingham jail for breaking the unjust law. Hoping to ignite a fire in people to see the injustice happing in Birmingham and in other places across the
King’s uses pronouns consciously in his letter to both distance himself from his critics and include himself with the rest of America. King addresses his main critics, law enforcement across America, by writing “they have used the moral means of nonviolence to maintain the immoral end of flagrant racial injustice” (King 3). King describes how the police are immoral in there protection of segregation. King also uses the pronoun ‘they’ to distance himself from his critics. By dissociating himself from the police, King implies he is moral rather than immoral, convincing King’s audience protest is justified against immoral people and social equality is moral rather than immoral.
He also states that nothing can harm a good man either in life or after death, and his fortunes are not a matter of indifference to the gods. However, in this world harms happen to good and bad alike. Only someone willing to question the notion of harms could suggest otherwise. Socrates uses his
The Pre-Socratics used rational thought to explain their world; if nature causes it, nature can cure it. They tried to explain natural occurrences without the use of religion. The Sophists suspected that Absolute Truths and Ideals are relative to the individual; they are not set by a higher power, but we decide them ourselves with our own human ideas and experiences. This idea seems to put a lot of power in our hands. Socrates, the father of philosophy, used the Socratic Method to teach; he asked questions, allowing students to use their own prior knowledge to form answers, looking within to find the truth.
19). Here we see Kings argument fall under the strategies logos and ethos. This time he appeals to personal experience under logos. His argument to the clergymen is that laws are just but they can become unjust when they are used for the wrong reasons. According to Miller this is appealing to personal experience, King first hand experiences this when he gets arrested.