Dr. King held true to the ancient philosopher, Aristotle, in his “Letter from Birmingham Jail” to defend the nonviolent resistance by using rhetorical appeals where he compels to his audience 's understanding of logic, emotions, and moral values. Logos refers to proof, or facts, provided by the words in Dr. King’s letter. Eight clergymen of Alabama wrote a letter to Martin Luther King Jr. on April 12, 1963 stating they understand the issue of racial segregation, but do not want the fight and tension to move into the public. The religious leaders criticize Dr. King’s actions as “unwise and untimely” and urged for honest and fair negotiations (Letter). Dr. King was arrested April 12, the same day the letter was written to him, thus he decided to spend his time in jail responding to the criticisms written by “men of genuine good will” (King 3).
For instance, “...what is it, but a tradition, though a recent one, endeavoring to transmit itself unimpaired prosperity…”(Thoreau 1). He thinks the government should be a tool for people to utilize, not something that stays the same, the way tradition stays the same, and is against the citizens. Martin Luther King has a similar general idea. For example, “I think I should indicate why I am here in Birmingham…”(King 1) This demonstrates he is writing his response to the clergyman to talk about the reason he is in jail. King was in jail for speaking his mind about racial discrimination, but the clergyman did not like his protests accusing him of putting the lives of others in danger, but in reality it's the police who act violently and put the lives of innocent people in danger by persecuting the unruffled protesters.
Which relates to what he is saying about civil disobedience. Its wrong to punish people who aren't guilty of doing anything wrong. Hitler was doing things wrong, so King helping them shouldn't be illegal. So King wouldn't try to kill Hitler, but
Thrasymachus continues to claim his position but in a modified form of his first argument, after Socrates commented. Being unjust, Thrasymachus thinks, is better than being just because it 's stronger and leads to a more happy life. As before he, he only takes into consideration only the advantages or disadvantages of being just, and he doesn 't discuss what 's justice or how it plays a role in people. Essentially, this definition is an extreme extension of the previous one. The example he gives that a tyrant gets happy through being unjust and controlling draws us back to his first argument saying that ‘ruling being the advantage of the stronger '.
Dr. King’s way of speech in “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” starts off with, “My Dear fellow Clergymen,” which seems oddly reserved. He had learned that Birmingham clergymen had issued a declaration critiquing him and flattering the city’s narrow-minded police influence, when Dr. King had been in solitary quarantine. Due to this, anyone could agree that Dr. King had every right to write an enraged letter. However, his topic was not to go off on this matter, but to explain himself. Thus, Dr. King starts his letter with “fellow clergymen,” which depicts the main idea of his argument, which is “brotherhood.” Angered by this critique, he maintains a diplomatic tone throughout the letter.
In the “Letter from Birmingham Jail” Martin Luther King Jr. is writing a letter to the clergyman in which he is trying to support his argument. He gives his point of view in which he indicates that segregation shouldn’t exist due to the fact that it interferes with the lives of everyone. Segregation created a negative impact on the environment and on the individuals living there. Some of the laws just end up discriminating others and that isn’t fair because some people were just privileged for being white. Just and unjust laws are created to “better the world” when in reality some people are hurt in the process, which is why individuals agree with Dr. King’s assertions.
His reasonings support his overall idea that an unjust law or act, does not defend retaliating through unjustly means. Additionally, both King and Socrates are on a disaccord concerning the determining factor of just and unjust behavior. While Socrates relies on rational argument to be the expert on justice and the morality law, King sees the determining factor as grounded from God. As shown above, both Socrates and King have differing views on the obligations of a citizen in respects to the laws of the
King believed that Passive Resistance is for men to react to unjust law in a nonviolent way. “ One has not a legal, but a moral responsibility to obey just laws. Conversely, one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws.” King thought that you should obey the laws but when laws are unjust you should disobey them in a passive resistance way. Both Gandhi and King had similar ways of displaying peace in a passive resistance
However, Socrates’ goal was not to gather evidence to make it seem as if he was putting all his efforts in saving his life. His goal was to make the court understand his beliefs prove which type of knowledge is worth knowing. When talking about the wise man he examined, Socrates said, “Neither of us actually knows what Beauty and Goodness are, but he thinks he knows, even though he doesn’t; whereas I neither know nor think I know.” This shows that Socrates proved he was more wise than the titled wise man because instead of faking the knowledge, that wasn’t too important, he accepted that he did not know which would result in him then seeking for
Others may think different, but pathos and kairos are mainly used in the “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” because they give guilt to the clergy and a sense of urgency to the audience. Throughout the excerpt, King used pathos through saying the clergy does not have sympathy for segregation and King sees both sides, his and the clergy’s. He gives a sense of kairos by constantly saying “when” and giving experiences he has seen throughout his life. “The Letter from Birmingham Jail” is an accurate argument to defend peaceful protests and end