Lev Vygotsky Research Proposal Analysis

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Summary of the Research Proposal
This research aims to enhance student’s creative writing skills in English at primary level of students in Pakistan. For this purpose, the study deals with the intervention and writing skills that supports pedagogic strategies in bringing better written expressions for 5th grade students. The research is designed under the paradigm of action research. Action research is a form of self-reflective research carried out by the participants themselves in an educational or social context. The aim of the research activity is to improve the social or educational practices of the participants and to assist the researchers in deepening their understanding of their own practices and the contexts in which they take place.
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A constructivist teacher guides and motivates the students and creates a context for learning in which students can become engaged in interesting activities that encourages and facilitates learning. The teacher does not simply stand and watch children explore and discover. Instead, the teacher often guides students as they approach problems, encourages them to work in groups. Teachers thus facilitate cognitive growth and learning as do peers and other members of the child's community.

Zone of Proximal Development
This paper is going to focus on the theory proposed by Vygosky ‘The zone of proximal development (ZPD)’ that has been defined as "the distance between the actual developmental level as determined by independent problem solving and the level of potential development as determined through problem solving under adult guidance, or in collaboration with more capable peers" (Vygotsky, 1978, p. 86). According to Vygotsky weak students learn through knowledgeable teachers who use different methods and techniques to teach them. ZPD is also known as scaffolding.

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