John Dewey’s principle. John Dewey’s principle of teaching states that the core of the educational process is the youngster. He too considered that students learn best when they have to work out problems that are meaningful to them. He got the idea of a mentally active, hands-on learning. He also believed that kids learn effectively through personal conflicts in which they must inspect, gather thoughts, procedure data and put thoughts into practical usage.
Wright outlines a fair discussion about critical thinking intending to guide the teacher to help children to ‘think through situations where the answer is in doubt’ (2002, p.9). Throughout this chapter Wright pioneers critical thinking has a ‘practical value’ for social education, that it could help children grasp subject content in a profound and meaningful way. Examples of how to teach critical thinking are included throughout this chapter however, the lessons overlook other views of critical thinking as a process of developing skills and sub-skills. Wright (2011) generalises that critical thinking involves questioning from the higher end of the cognitive domain according to Blooms Taxonomy; ‘analyses, synthesis and evaluation’ (2002, p51).
HighScope teachers closely observe the students so they know when it is appropriate for them to intervene, helping the student learn more from what the child already confidently knows. When a teacher, or more advanced child enters into this zone, teaching the particular child, it helps him/her move to the next level in his/her development. (HighScope, n.d,
1.5 Kohn’s Student Directed Learning Theory Kohn’s student-directed learning theory is an approach to the classroom management which may be particularly effective in the modern classroom environment. Student-directed learning will keep students motivated and teaches them to cooperate with each other sharing responsibilities and functions within their community. Kohn believes that the ideal classroom emphasizes on curiosity and cooperation above all, and that the student’s curiosity should determine what is taught. "Skillful educators tap students ' natural curiosity and desire to become competent. In a learning environment, teachers want to help students engage with what they are doing to promote deeper understanding" (Kohn, 1997c).
In the most general sense, it usually means encouraging students to use active techniques (experiments, real-world problem solving) to create more knowledge and then to reflect on and talk about what they are doing and how their understanding is changing. The teacher makes sure he/she understands the students ' preexisting conceptions, and guides the activity to address them and then build on them. Constructivism has many benefits namely: Children learn more, and enjoy learning more when they are actively involved; students learn how to think and understand and transfer learning; students create organizing principles that they can take with them to other learning settings; it gives students ownership of what they learn, since learning is based on students ' questions and explorations, and often the students have a hand in designing the assessments as well; it engages the students ' initiatives and personal investments in their journals, research reports, physical models, and artistic representations; and it promotes social and communication skills by creating a classroom environment that emphasizes collaboration and exchange of
This defines the roles of the teacher and the learners in the learning process which states that the learners will be the focus of the teaching-learning process. The teacher’s role is to facilitate learning by utilizing the interests and unique abilities of learners to reach a goal. On the other hand, the learners’ role is an active participant rather than a passive one. This means that the learner will be involved in tasks that will help him reach the goal of learning. In this study, the instruction followed the criterial tasks of the K-12 Curriculum.
Often times, there are multiple factors that make it hard for the student to engage; therefore, it is important for the teacher to learn both how the student is feeling and, more importantly, why they are feeling that way in order to create constructive dialogue. As Scales notes in his article entitled, “Adolescent Thriving”, having a strong sense of individual passions, positive relational opportunities, and a sense of empowerment are all indicators of the well being and community engagement of adolescents, so the teacher must learn what the student is passionate about in order to engage with them (Scales 265). The questions outlined in Michael Nichols’ work “Take Your Time-I’m Listening” such as, “what’s the thing you’re most enthusiastic about these days?”,“what dreams and ideas do you have?”,“what is it you want to contribute?” and “what do you love to do and what are you good at doing?” are crucial starting points in the process of learning about the student and his or her passions (Nichols 144). Peter Benson communicates a similar idea in his Ted talk “Sparks: How Youth Thrive.” Here, he discusses the importance of finding “sparks” within the students for them to be on the pathway toward thriving, finding a purpose, engaging, and finding human connection, empathy, and joy in their lives and the things they do. In this approach, seeing the
An interesting discovery from this view of learning is that the mind is not just a sponge able to soak up every bit of information it is presented with. The generative learning theory allows one to realize the importance of creating meaningful learning opportunities in the classroom. If a teacher can allow students to be hands-on in the class a large amount of the time and the ability to create their own meaningful solutions to concepts presented in class, they will experience success in the classroom. A student needs to be able to make a unique personal link to the information they are present and themselves for adequate learning to occur in their mind. As a result, the teacher plays a key role in presenting students with different methods and opportunities for generation and improved comprehension of topics they may struggle with throughout their educational career or in any learning environment they may be presented with in
Lessons are designed according to students learning difficulties. Students’ prior knowledge is assessed through the pre-tests and interviews as assessment tools to inform the content of the lessons. According to Hodge (2010), the key component of an effective lesson is when the teacher understands and knows about the topic. As Variation Theory using learning study is collaborative in its nature, teachers gain more knowledge on the topic as they discuss and meet to share their past experiences about teaching the topic before proceeding to the
According to Dr. Banerjee (2015) students gives more ideas about the task assigned to them in collaborative learning process. Each student has a very important role in having a collaborative work. Learning is what students “do” and not what they “get” as passive receivers. The teachers are the facilitators of the students and not the “giver” of knowledge. Through this process the students learn not by being fed the information, but rather giving their own insights on a certain topic as well as the insight of others.