Levelt's Speaking Model Analysis

951 Words4 Pages
Levelt’s Speaking Model, unlike other models doesn’t aim at describing the process of language learning but the so called ‘steady-state’ (De Bot: 3), meaning normal, spontaneous speech that is produced by adults. It is composed of three main parts: the conceptualiser, the formulator and the speech comprehension system. Besides that it includes the parts lexicon, articulator, audition and one extra part that contains different processing components such as a discourse model, situation knowledge, an encyclopaedia and others. It is not really clear what else that last extra part contains or doesn’t contain. Higher level processing is more conscious while lower level processing is more automatized (cf. 3-4). The model is not only restricted to…show more content…
In the conceptualiser relevant information is selected and put in order, and the intentions a speaker wants to realise are in such a way adapted that they can be transformed into language. This is realised via macroplanning and microplanning (cf. 4). The resulting outgoing preverbal messages contain necessary information to convert meaning into language but are not themselves linguistic. In the illustration (appendix) the conceptualiser includes two boxes (“message generation” and “monitoring”) that show that before a preverbal message actually leaves the conceptualiser and is passed onto the formulator, it can be monitored several times. Therefore the generation of a message can be repeated several times before it becomes a preverbal message and is passes on to the…show more content…
A preverbal message coming from the conceptualiser and entering the formulator is first grammatically encoded and then converted into a speech plan (phonetic plan). This happens by matching the meaning part of a lemma from the lexicon with the semantic information in the preverbal message and then applying the right form, meaning grammatical and phonological rules. In short information from the lexicon is made available in two phases: first through semantic activation and then through form activation. Lemma information of a lexical item includes the conceptual specifications of the item, such as its pragmatic and stylistic conditions, its (morpho-)syntactic information, its syntactic category and grammatical functions, as well as information that is needed for syntactical encoding, such as number, tense, aspect, mood, case and pitch accent. The activation of the lemmas and the relevant syntactic information leads to the formation of the surface structure in form of phonological encoding. This provides the articulator with a phonetic plan that can be scanned internally by the speaker via the speech-comprehension system. The last step is the first possibility for

More about Levelt's Speaking Model Analysis

Open Document