Both Francesca and Ugolino’s judgements resulted from deliberation and thought, and both of their thoughts were greatly influenced by their oppressed state and some biological factors. They were diverted away from the First good, which made them turn toward the apparent goods. The use of free will in the Inferno served as a path to sin for both Francesca and Ugolino. Dante recognizes that Francesca had very weak control over her judgements, and that love overpowered her, but he also made it clear that she deserves to be in hell. As for Ugolino, he also used his free will to resist loving his sons.
Locke’s ideas of enlightenment were influential in the creation of the document. Like Locke’s phrase from Two Treatises on Government, “life, liberty, and property,” Jefferson, however, changed this phrase to “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” This phrase is slightly altered by Jefferson and exemplifies Locke’s belief in natural rights implying an individual’s own rights. Locke also believed that when a government were to become destructive, the people have the right to rebel and abolish it. A government that does not protect these rights becomes a tyranny and is determined to be overthrown. Montesquieu’s and Rousseau’s ideas of enlightenment were also incorporated in the document.
Competition is essential for men to gain what they desire. By using violence, man create a superiority over family and animals. Diffidence is for safety of the desire, defending their family or animals. Lastly, glory is for maintaining a reputation of their own opinion, things, and superiority over others. When men are against each other without leadership then they are in war, and if they are not fighting then they are in peace.
From the passage on John Winthrop, what stood out to me was his ideas of "moral" and "natural" liberty which he delivered in his famous "little speech". In his speech Winthrop states that "natural" liberties are what make man evil and corrupt because it is the liberty to do what ever he wants to do, good or evil. He believes natural liberty causes defiance to authority, and will eventually turn man into "beasts" if exercised over time. The idea of "moral" liberty is Winthrop's more "ideal" type of liberty that he thinks everyone should follow. He states from his speech that, "this liberty is the proper and object of authority...it is a liberty to that only which is good , just, and honest"(Winthrop's Journal).In other words, he believes that
Summary Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) theory of social contract, which states that we need moral, legal rules because we want to escape the state of nature which is solitary, poor, brutal, nasty, and short. In this state, a man can kill others, and there are limited resources. This can soon lead to a state of war in which we are constantly disposed to harm others to achieve our goals. So, in this state of war if a person was to possess a beautiful house or property, and had all the comforts, luxuries, and amenities to lead a wonderful life; others could come and harm him and deprive him of his fruit of labor, life, and liberty. Therefore, the state of nature is that of fear, violence, and distrust.
12 ego “…demonstrates that he too can be carried away by mad frenzy ” (81). This furtherreinforces the role of Ralph as a human fighting against the forces of good and evil, female andmale, and rule-utilitarianism and egoism. On the one hand, Ralph understands that followingrule-utilitarian principles keeps them in order and in line with the outside world, of which theyare no longer a part. On the other hand, hunting is “ jolly good fun ” (Golding 142). Thefrustrations of trying to get the group of boys to follow his orders become too much for Ralph to bear.
However, because individuals are imperfect creatures, so then the state of nature is also imperfect. Locke recognizes that a state of war is cultivated in the state of nature when a person violates the laws of nature: the inalienable rights of another. Individuals have the rights to enforce the laws of nature against those who violate and aid those whose rights have been violated (Locke 1982: 2, 8). But only then is there violence in the state of nature, the viciousness of humanity other theorists envisioned is lost in the theories of Locke and Rousseau. In fact, Rousseau explicitly criticizes the other theorists for not going far enough in their explanations.
This is an accurate statement due to the fact that, once again, the experiences had with a sense of place directly make up an individual’s worldview. To elaborate, sense of place gives an individual a sense of belonging, metaphorical place in the world which directly builds their worldview. Then in turn, worldview is the lens through which people view phenomena so it will affect their sense of place so in other words, sense of place and worldview influences and build on one another. I like to think that it is safe to say that people who go out and experience landscape, whatever kind that may be, will be more inclined to do what is needed in order to protect and improve that particular landscape. For me, natural landscapes became my sense of place because I grew up around and was influenced by a lot of different types of landscapes.
This undermines ambition as well as greed, By this point, Macbeth is willing to anything in order to help himself and it 's becomes easier for him to commit evil deeds. Another quote to support this claim is” I have no spur To prick the sides of my intent, but only Vaulting ambition, which o 'erleaps itself And falls on the other”(I,vii). This emphasizes his greed as he recognizes that there is no good reason to kill the king apart from gaining power all to him. The hunger for power is a result of ambition and greed which is an apparent trait on
Question No. 10 Answer: The furthest point of Hobbes' state of nature is embodied as the war of each man against each man. This one line aggregates up the seriousness of the situation introduced by Hobbes and illuminates why the life of man must be terrible, brutish and short. This position of Hobbes is landed at systematically that maybe makes him the father of political science. Regarding human organization Hobbes saw movement as creating enjoyment or displeasure inside of us.