Thinkers Beliefs How their ideas were radical at that time How their ideas are related to classical liberalism Hobbes His belief was that the reason why humans have so many problems is because of their greed to protect only themselves. And monarchy was always more interested in helping those who benefitted them in return. He believed that a fair executor who would use his authority to stop humans from harming others is needed. His ideas were viewed radical at that time because state had less power and monarchy had all of it, it was times of war where weak people would get killed if they did not listen to wealthier class. His ideas in my opinion are like the base of foundation of classical liberalism as him and his peers were the some of the first people to research the “state of nature”” of people which made many of his successors want to do more for the cause.
Technological innovations, such as the transcontinental railroad in the United States, forced society to reevaluate the role of government. The most obvious repercussion of the construction of the railroads in America is the control of ecosystem services such as land and agriculture. Railroads were sloppy; they did not care for where they were placed, unless it maximized profit; it did not care for the impact on society and it blurred the lines of government intervention in public and private enterprises. Thus, the transcontinental railroad transformed the political system by creating a modern corporate lobby. Space as a Political Concept The organization of railroads, both for public and private use, symbolized the transformation of “space”
Apparently politics is a really big thing there. They have two political parties, the Democrat-Republicans and the Federalists. The Democrat-Republican Believed that America’s future was with small farmers and opposed “monied interests.” They Argued for state rights and a small government, they also supported France in its wars with England. Their Support came from farmers as well as workers and craftsmen in towns, and they are strongest in the South and West. Opposed to the Federalists who wanted strong central government to promote commerce and manufacturing, including a national bank.
11. The War of 1812 stimulated the national economy by allowing America to continue economic growth and territorial expansion. Republicans had hopes for a simple agrarian society. The war exposed the inefficiency of the transportation and financial systems. It also caused the growth of manufacturing by cutting off imports, producing chaos in shipping and banking.
During the 1760’s, Britain needed to find a way to pay off their debt. This led to a reform that in part launched a plan designed by George Greenville (Schulz, 2013). Greenville’s plan was to implement acts that would help to pay off the nation’s debt. New acts, such as the Sugar, the Quartering, and the Stamp Act had colonists far and wide upset with Parliament. While each of these acts were disliked by colonists, none was as damaging as the Stamp Act.
During this time the colonies remained loyal to Britain. But, after this Britain went of control with power. They set up many unfair taxes and made the colonists like slaves to them. So yes, the colonists were justified in waging war and breaking away from Britain because they made unfair taxes or acts and they had too much power over the colonists. After the French and Indian war Britain was left with a lot of debt.
The taxes that the Sugar Act placed made the most money for Britain, more than any of the other taxes did. The colonist were very upset with the Sugar Act because of the way it was enforced. The Sugar Act took away the colonist’s right to a trial by jury when the British set up the Admiralty courts. Admiralty courts were where a judge decides the outcome rather than the colonial courts. The judges would earn 5% of however much the cargo load was worth if they could prove the person accused was guilty.
Hitler’s organisation skills and personal traits helped to bring the Naizs into power. However, without the socio-economic problems that Germany encountered and the weakness of their political situation, Hitler would not have had the opportunity to come into power and destory democracy in 1933. In 1918, a republic was announced with the socialist Frederich Ebert as chancellor. Ebert wanted to sign the armistice
From National Archives, “During the First World War, Britain incurred debts equivalent to 136% of its gross national product, and its major creditor, the USA, began to emerge as the world 's strongest economy.”(National Archives) The quote says that British spend lots of money on the supplies during the war, then USA had the best economy in the world. According to Grunden, “Britain and France borrowed vast sums of money from the US government to finance their war.”(Grunden) The quote states that UK didn’t have enough money to pay, so it had to borrow money from USA. It shows that the economy of UK was bad after WW1. According to National Archives, “In the bulk of the pits in both distriots the work of pumping is being carried on by volunteers and naval ratings.”(National Archives) It shows that the government had no more money to pay for the workers, so the works were carried on by volunteers. These are important because they show that British borrowed money from other country to pay for the war, and it didn’t have enough money for the workers whose works were pumping.
Yet, due to the nature of the liberal takeover and the policies such governments enacted, 19th-century Latin American liberals established a constitutional foundation for future authoritarian governments, sabotaged industry and economic stability by opening trade, and expanded class and racial inequality. Thus, while liberalism enriched and benefited the elite, it failed and harmed the lower classes: the peasants and the poor. Latin American society, due to the nature of colonisation and Spanish ruling practices, long experienced the rule of strongmen, first as the conquistadores, then as caudillos. Liberalists initially fought back against
The leader of the Whig organization, Henry Clay, tried to persuade the people that if the easterners would help build and pay for the transportation of the products, that the westerners would support the tariffs on the products. He did not agree with Jackson when he declined the Bank of the United States being that the bank would stabilize the economy, aid the production of roads and canals and smaller businesses. When the Erie Canal was completed, countless minor farmers (mid-westerners) began taking in more profit as the result of a direct route to New York. Majority of Whig supporters where closer to heavily used canals or roads, the isolated areas voted for the