In Chapter 12 of Readings for Sociology, Garth Massey included and piece titled “The Code of the Streets,” written by Elijah Anderson. Anderson describes both a subculture and a counterculture found in inner-city neighborhoods in America. Anderson discusses “decent families,” and “street families,” he differentiates the two in in doing so he describes the so called “Code of the Streets.” This code is an exemplifies, norms, deviance, socialization, and the ideas of subcultures and countercultures.
The great Aristotle declared, “We do not act rightly because we have virtue or excellence, but we rather have those because we have acted rightly.” Virtue should be defined as perfect or righteous. However, it can be argued that because Ransom is a man, and man is sinful, he could not choose to be virtuous. Because this is the case, and man is inherently sinful as Jesus said in Matthew, “No one is good but One, that is, God” (Mark 10:18), we will adapt Merriam Webster’s definition of virtue, “Conformity to a standard of right, morality. A particular moral excellence” (merriam-webster.com).
For many of years, thousands of philosophers have set out to try to answer one question: what makes an individual moral? Whether it be through certain theories that strive to explain what that person looks like or moral obligations that determine one’s character, they are all trying to answer the same question. As we investigate the overarching topic of ethics, one could find it hard for any one theory or moral code to perfectly define what that person looks like. With that said, during Rosalind Hursthouse’s Virtue Theory and Abortion, she has failed in appropriately answering the main objections of virtue theory, thus, leaving the theory open for further interpretation. Throughout her work, Hursthouse addresses nine of the main arguments which object to the virtue theory.
The founders also stated that for their to be virtue there needs to be religion, as one must render god and put all faith in him as the source of all organisms and the principles of daily routines. As the founders mentioned, virtue is vital because without virtue there can be no liberty, which is key in American societies. In order for one to be virtuous they need to display morally good or righteous qualities. According to the founding fathers the moral man knows that there are set parameters regarding how he can live.
Buddhism started with the Buddha who was born as Siddhartha Gautama in Nepal around 2,500 years ago. The word ‘Buddha’ means ‘who is awake’ and in the sense of having ‘woken up to reality’. He did not say his is a god or a prophet. He was a human being who became Enlightened, try to understanding life in the deepest way possible. Siddhartha is the prince of a small kingdom on the Indian-Nepalese border.
Pluralism, multiculturalism and integration are the topics that now a growing part of the western society and the world as a global village talks about. This is a phenomenon that is to be accepted and is increasingly the gossip of every group. Pluralism as the term suggests is a sociology term that is generally used for the society when it is generally accepting diversity and ethnicity and this is a resultant and decentralized society that is accepting and accommodating. Multiculturalism is also the term that is coined for the society that is diverse and different as the people are of different cultures and backgrounds with different beliefs and cultures. Walt Whitman’s vision at a time when the America was divided and in a civil war he presented
Glaucon’s point of view on the true justification of morality coincides with the beliefs of a vast majority of humanity, and while I do believe that there is a rather large portion of humanity that maintains a desire to be moral solely for the sake of the enticing consequences, I also believe there is a group of people who also desire and act in a manner of pursuing a strong moral filled life simply because they want to be an innately good person.
The 2016 political election has caused great uproar on both the democratic and republican side. Yet, the main focus has been devoted to the actions of the candidates. Meanwhile coverage has been very minimal in terms of the unfortunate events that are to some extent influenced by the actions of these politicians. Recently there have been unfortunate hate expressions and attacks on people of color, in the name of current politicians. Although these events are very concerning, the rest of society seems to view these events as temporary and deem the importance.
A person 's character is the totality of his character traits and can be good, bad or somewhere in between. The admirable character traits, marks perfection in character, and are called virtues. It enable us to act in accordance with reason and also to feel appropriately, and have the right intention. Virtue theory can be used to determine the rightness or wrongness of an action by relating the choice to admirable character traits. The reason why attention should be pay to virtue theory is that it centers on character.
Ethical theories suggest justification for judgment regarding the morality or immorality of actions, and they provide a basis for claims about moral obligations. Ethical theories are based on the ethical principles. There are several varieties of ethical theories to choose from in a business ethics environment however only one ethical theory could suite a particular environment at that instance. Ethical theories purposes are based on above ethical principles. Two ethical theories in this course which I have chosen to discuss comprehensively are utilitarianism and Kantian moral theory.