The importance of this Metternich System reflected Metternich’s significant role in Europe. That is why this period in Europe is also known as the era of Metternich. He defeated Napoleon and brought former rulers into power. The new forces of liberalism and nationalism were prevented to disturb the conservative order by victors at Congress of Vienna. Metternich hated revolutionary ideals of equality, democratic government, and nationalism, liked absolute monarchy, multi-national empires and class distinctions, wanted to put down ideas of political upheaval in order to maintain stability and he also wanted “legitimacy” to return rightful monarchs or their heirs to their
One of the only similarities of Jefferson and Hamilton was their want to diminish national debt. Each one had their own view of how to do this, but it was a main goal of both politicians. Alexander Hamilton was a founding father and leader of the Federalist party. Hamilton wanted America to be just like Great Britain. He believed that in the best interest for the country, the government should be run by elite people with lots of money.
liberalism is the pursuit of change and progress for the better good, socially and politically. Liberals of the late nineteenth century, often believed in “new” ideals like liberty and equality, as well as the overthrow of the monarchy in place of a more equal government that gave more power to the people. One key principle of liberalism that evolved from the French revolution is the idea that the will of the people should be represented in the government’s actions. Toussaint talks about this general will in the Haitian constitution, “the terms of this constitution are the free, voluntary, and unchanging expression of our hearts and of our constituents’ general will” (The Haitian Constitution) He believed that his people should have a say in what the government did. Although he believed in a general will, Toussaint still believed that Haiti would be best off as an empire.
Small states would not have abilities to prevent themselves from being conquered by foreign countries and this means a large state will be more functional and beneficial to all citizens. Nationalist referred them as comrades instead of individuals and it inspired people to get rid of selfishness but cooperate with each other in order to maximize the power of Germany. ( Doc 5 ) Otto von Bismarck’s speech about how he would do anything to unify Germany shown the influence that nationalism brings. Otto said he considered absolutism and constitutionalism the best forms of government instead of dictatorship. He was an opponent of nationalism and he realized that he could
Jefferson was determined to approach each political obstacle sensibly, as demonstrated by the Tripolitan War, and truly believed that the future of the American society depended on the integrity of the common people. Due to the emerging threat of the Napoleonic Wars and the rise of a bitter Aaron Burr, Jefferson experienced a much more difficult second term in office, and as a result saw a slight shift in the concepts of his political philosophy. Once a steadfast supporter of a strict interpretation of the Constitution, Jefferson’s second term saw a slightly more liberal approach to the analysis regarding the Constitution, as shown by his fury regarding the trial of villain Aaron
Progressives believed that educated professionals should be in charge of making the decisions as the representatives of the public interest. As a historian Warren Susman described this Progressive method in his book Culture as History, the Progressive movement believed that professionals "could give the people not what they believed they wanted but what they knew, through their training, they really wanted." The diplomacy demonstrated this method through the US government's enforcement onto the Central and South American nations. As the US was the global leader in socio-economic status, Knox considered the nation an expert in that field. The nation would be more capable of deciding what was best for the other underdeveloped countries in the surrounding region.
Primarily, individuals such as Andrew Hamilton and James Madison, Federalists, believed in a stronger central government whereas others such as Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry, Anti-Federalists, were for larger state government. Federalists were typically untrusting of citizens and the American people, and felt that the more educated individuals involved in government would govern. In contrast, individuals such as Henry and Jefferson believed that government was for the people, and should be given to the people to handle. In today’s standards, the Federalist views typically align with those of the Democratic platform while those with Anti-Federalist views align with those of the Republican
The beginning of the 18th century was marked by the Act of Union in 1707 which brought about tremendous changes in the British society. During this period, crucial changes happened that have modeled and are still influencing the today’s world. Two major parties, the Tories and the Whigs, were shaping the British political scene. The Tories were a party that defended the already established social and ecclesiastical norms. They are known as conservatives, defenders of landownership, while the Whigs are known to be the ones who supported and eventually enabled the foundation of banks, stock markets and credit systems.
Some argue that the Electoral College supports our democracy: “...the Electoral College makes sure that the states count in presidential elections. As such, it is an important part of our federalist system - a system worth preserving” (Doc. C). In this quote, John Samples argues that federalism is important to our nation and this system supports it by giving power to each state. However, the Electoral College was originally founded because the delegates did not believe that the people were educated enough to make a good choice.
During this period, there were two British political labels with different ideals. On one hand, we find the conservative one, Tory, which conceives of sovereignty as residing in rulers and view the people as subjects whose duty is to obey. On the other hand, there is the liberal label, Whig, which conceives of power as ultimately residing in the people and view rulers as serving the will and welfare of the people. Swift belonged to the Tories, and when they rose the power, Swift became himself an important figure, and even he was made the editor of The Examiner, a weekly periodical. But, when the opposing party, known as the Whigs, got back into power, he had to come back to Ireland, city where he lived when he was a child.