The emperor used this thought to control his citizens’ mind so that society can be stable. Therefore, people became more and more meek. On the other hand, the history also changes people’s impression. There are two total different period of time in Chinese history which created two opposite impression of Chinese. Genghis Khan, a leader of tribe in Mongolia, he established Mongol Empire by his powerful army.
In Document B, The Xiongnu were planning to invade China, as a result Wu Di decided to build a wall. After the construction of the wall, everyone was safe and they were protected from invasions. Another benefit is travel and trading purposes. In Document D, Wu Di used to wall to the help travelers and merchants influence the world in trade with other nations. The wall made a way for people to travel, helped travelers and merchants reach and exit China and protected people in and out of China.
Under these strict rules was how the Qin was able to unify China and standardise the language used. After the Qin Dynasty, it has become evident that legalism was very successful in helping to maintain order and controlling the country. So its philosophy was also adopted by the Han who used it to control its empire. Legalism provides a more practical approach to governing a country through the enforcement of law, deterring people from committing crime. Although China is not a legalist country, legalism has a profound impact on the legal system practiced by the government throughout Chinese history.
Nationalism is about having the greater love, pride for one’s state, its about loyalty and devotion to the shared cause of nation building. For the most part of early nineteenth century it played a uniting role in European politics which gave them some form of stability and common cause to fight for. So, when the fervor of nationalism crosses that invisible line then it leads to Imperialism. Imperialism is about forcing other people, foreign territory into subjugation who are different. Japanese attack on China and Korea before and during second world war was a form of Imperialism.
The Impact of the Mongols on Asia Trade is a crucial factor contributing to the Mongols’ success, and its influence is still felt in the nations which were once under Mongol rule that exist in modern times. As nomads, the Mongols relied heavily on trade in order to obtain manufactured goods to support their way of life, as their nomadic lifestyle did not support activities such as agricultural development. Consequently, nations brought under Mongol rule experienced great shifts towards commercialism and trade to reflect the Mongol values they were governed by. This is supported by the motivation of the Mongols to conquer China as a means to not only profit from China’s economy, but also to gain control of the Silk Road, as it provided a vast trade route that could both be used and profited from. As a nomadic people, travel was highly encouraged by the Mongols during their reign, as it was necessary in order to facilitate trade.
Kang Youwei specifically addresses the emperor in the inscription by using words such as, “your majesty”. As a result of the chosen audience, reliability of the source may be affected as the author may try to exaggerate and embellish facts in order to convince the emperor to take action. The emperor did receive this inscription with an attitude to implement the government reforms the inscription addresses, as firstly just like many other individuals in China at that period, the emperor was also undoubtedly distressed about the situation in China. Hence, he was seeking for solutions to make the situation at hand better. Secondly, this inscription is not extremely radical, as it does not completely discard Confucian teachings, which may have made the emperor like it better.
Both were used to provide foreign countries with military support in case they were being threatened by other nations. Additionally, these doctrines were also used for the United States’ benefit because in the Monroe Doctrine, the United States forbade European powers from trying to conquer South American countries; in the Truman Doctrine, the United States tried to contain communism and to stop its spread across Europe. The Monroe Doctrine and the Truman Doctrine were used to help other countries against hostile powers, and at the same time these doctrines helped the United States to become and to remain a world power during the Imperialism and Cold War era. In the 19th
For example, during Warring States Period in China, when seven major states were unable to protect their citizens from conquering by foreign countries and maintain peaceful life, fierce wars happened and China was inevitably in chaos. Eventually, the Qin dynasty unified China and ended the chaos. Numerous accomplishment of economy and improvement of policies were made after the unification. (Doc 4) Heinrich von Treitschke, who was one of the most influential proponents of militant nationalism in Germany, proclaimed that a united country should be able to protect itself and maintain usual orders. Small states would not have abilities to prevent themselves from being conquered by foreign countries and this means a large state will be more functional and beneficial to all citizens.
The compatibility between democracy and Confucianism has long been a controversial topic since the first introduction of this idea from the west to China in the late nineteenth century. In my opinion, the definitions applied on democracy give great variation upon the results of the discussion of the controversy. According to Oxford Dictionary, exclusive means ‘excluding or not admitting other things’. As for democracy, I would like to define it as ‘a mode of decision making about collectively binding rules and policies over which the people exercise control’ (Beetham, 1992) and democracy and Confucianism are not mutually exclusive upon this definition because Confucianism would accept the instrumental value of democracy. In the following
According to Sumikawa, the emperor had full sovereignty, he ordered the military, made peace and declared war. Despite any troubles the government had, the genro other known as an oligarchy, determined the organizations work, for national pride, foreign approval, and political stability. However, once the war with China became foreseeable, national unity was more important than political