Life Crisis In Daniel Levinson's Psychosocial Theory Of Human Development

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Life crisis is a usual phenomenon in one’s life as individuals experience unavoidable and unexpected changes and challenges throughout one’s development. Daniel Levinson proposed that evolving physiological, psychological, and role-oriented life changes affect major life transitions Agronin (2014). Levinson et. al. (1978) stated that late adulthood is a time when “a man can no longer occupy the center stage of his world … a man receives less recognition and has less authority and power. His generation is no longer the dominant one” (as cited in Agronin, 2014). He added that the late adulthood stage is a traumatic one because of the crises being experienced by individuals such as death of love ones, less recognition and authority and illness (Stage-Crisis View: Stages of Adult Development, n.d.). Moreover, Cronin and Mandich (2016) discussed that development is a series of conflicts or crises which should be resolved either through positive or negative mode which determines future action (p. 40). Erik Erikson focused on these crises occurring at each stage of development. His Psychosocial Theory of Human Development particularly integrity versus despair, which usually occurs in late adulthood, stated that development of sense of integrity or feelings of despair can be rooted from reflections of past events and experiences and inevitability of life’s end. Individuals may fell into despair when realizations of having short time for existence and less options and opportunities

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