The Back-to-Africa movement of Marcus Garvey was the most popular way to express the increasing resignation concerning multiracial society, although this approach was chosen primarily by the uneducated part of the African American population. The more sophisticated respond was the development of a new racial pride. DuBois believed that African Americans could never achieve equality by copying white American ideals, and that equality could only be achieved by teaching racial pride and African cultural heritage. On the other side of the coin, Marcus Garvey and his Pan African Movement was preaching a return back to Africa message and encouraging black economic independence. The political awareness among African Americans was increasing significantly, it was realized that it was necessary to become active in society in order to achieve racial equality.
Apart from being upset about how they were being treated by record labels, white America did not feel comfortable with the music being solely from African-Americans. Jazz ended up becoming more of a commodity, and the most well-known artists were white. African-Americans were facing racism and random acts of violence against them, they took solace in their music as it was an essential part of their culture.
A recurring theme for literature during this period was concerned with feelings of racial discrimination and animosity towards African Americans, and also showing solace and rising above this animosity. Additionally, literature promoted racial pride and Pan-Africanism and sought to break stereotypes. Authors during this era represented the “New Negro,” which referred to the concept of a well-educated and sophisticated black. Such authors included Countee Cullen and Langston Hughes, both of whom were poets during the Harlem Renaissance. However, unlike most writers, Countee Cullen’s literary works were not concerned with racial views of the time.
With the cotton industry taking a turn for the worst many African Americans were living very undesirable. So, they decided to pack up and head North taking their musical traditions and talents with them. The Harlem Renaissance was one of the greatest cultural movements that took place in the 1920’s. During this period of the time the African American culture began to take shape and flourish like never before. The Harlem Renaissance was a time when African American authors, poets, writers, musicians and photographers began to make their mark in big northern cities such as Washington DC, Chicago, Detroit and New York City.
Coined by black artists, none of the whites listened until Elvis conquered the charts. His music, which was blues, gospel, jazz, and boogie-woogie, all created by black artists, blended to make rock n roll brought whites audiences to accept black culture. “Presley’s music broke the racial barriers of that time, and was a key to the movement of racial tolerance between whites and blacks. Presley was one of the first singers to be appreciated and loved by both the black and white communities,”(Introduction 3). Elvis tearing down barriers opened the world to so many opportunities.
During this Great Migration, Black people fled racism and lack of opportunities in the American South and settled in northern cities like Chicago. Richard Nathaniel Wright and James Baldwin were writers of this phase. The current phase started from 1970 till now. Social and political forces in the black community in the 1960s and 1970s sought to change the way African Americans were defined and treated. The Black Arts Movement sought to change how blacks were represented and portrayed in literature and the arts.
The Black power movement was more than just a raised fist. It was an influential movement established in the 1960s, and began to slow down in the 70s, it promoted self-sufficiency among the black and African community, and they fought for equality and power among those who faced discrimination in society. The Civil Rights Movement and the Black Power Movement were two different movements with very similar motives, but different ways of going about their fight for equality. Symbolism played a significant role in representing the Black Power Movement, and helped unify the group by using one symbol that all recognized.The movement began as a reaction to the Civil Rights Movement and continued into the 1970s as a force for good. Imagine being discriminated against just because of the skin color you were born with.
Following the evolution of blues, jazz and rock ‘n’ roll, came the introduction to many more genres established by African Americans, such as, Hip hop, R&B and Rap. Today, the musical genres created and influenced by African Americans are top sellers in the country, though jazz isn't as popular today it will remain a big part of American culture and history. ("20th Century Music," n.d.). The unfortunate circumstances of the slave trade introduced America to unique sounds, rhythms and song structures of African tradition and influenced the creation of blues, jazz and many more musical genres. Although racism deemed the early development of African American music “immoral”, the lively and diverse music thrived and spread American culture around the world.
But you can’t forget the NAACP was not always this perfect group the you always hear about, they also faced a lot of negativity and also influenced in negative ways you would want to know. The NAACP impacted a lot of african american lives around the united states. They helped african americans be looked at differently in the world then what they used to be seen as in the old days. Without Civil Rights and fighting against anti-black activist america would be the same as it use to be , when whites owned slaves, and made african americans work long hours n heat for little money. The NAACP changed lives and helped african americans not be view certain way.
Douglass was more educated than any other black man of his time, simply due to the fact that it was illegal for colored men to learn to read. Yet, Douglass’s rise to popularity was unprecedented. He orated on a circuit to small groups of abolitionists, and eventually rose to be an advisor to President Lincoln during the Civil War. All this from a former runaway slave. During the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 60s, Dr. King Jr. used a page out of Douglass’s book, but this time, he had the previous black protestors to refer to.
This alone pushed many of us away from the crown and towards becoming American Patriots. We had our own problems in America after we separated. The topic of slavery was a rough subject with the people here in America. Now here in Boston the need for slavery wasn’t as great as in the South so we were didn’t think that we needed them but the South wanted to keep slaves because it was giving them more political power when it came to voting and they didn’t even have to pay as much in taxes for them due to the three-fifths Compromise. Slaves seemed to be a huge
In my opinion, as Jazz become one of the famous type of music, so knowing the history of Jazz is very necessary. Jazz music is very difficult to define mainly because there are so many different styles. When considering Ragtime, Stride and Boogie Woogie, these three styles was very essential in the development of modern jazz. However, the most essential that built Jazz in back then should be Ragtime, so I agree with you. In addition, Ragtime is primarily an African American invention and was a source of pride to African American composers, musicians, and listeners.
Talented black men like Benjamin Banneker and Phillis Wheatley, a mathematician and a famous poet, proved that free black men could contribute to society (Divine et al 138). White, racist exploiters who have resources, weapons, and the law on their side could not capture back their slaves, and this proved to many that African Americans were capable of organizing and creating solutions to problems. (Weiser) While this may not have changed their perceptions of African Americans as equal, it altered the
Slavery was an ugly terrible thing, but it does not intertwine itself with the Confederate Flag. At the time it was a cheap division of labor that was widely accepted throughout the world. It was a business without a code of conduct, there were black people in America who owned slaves too! Many people think that it was only African Americans that were enslaved in the United States, although they were the major slave population; there were also many white slaves from Ireland and Muslim Africans. The first slave owner in America was named Anthony Johnson, he was African American and owned African American slaves, he did it because it was a cheap labor force, not to be racist to his own people.