Sigmund Freud's Psychodynamic Model

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DEFINITION OF PSYCHOANALYTIC MODEL
The psychodynamic model of the human mind can be defines as a methodical or organised study and psychological theory that lie beneath human behaviour, which lays emphasis on the inner play between the unconscious and the conscious mind. This model is ultimately as a result of Freud’s Psychoanalytic theory. Freud’s theory stated that the mind consists of three vital parts which are the conscious, subconscious and the unconscious which all together formed what he called the “Mental Iceberg”. The Psychodynamic model focuses its interest on the role which the childhood experience of an individual plays in the future of the individual’s mental health.
The psychodynamic model consists of groups of theories which
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He also stated that within the human mind, that there are three levels of personality that determines how an individual behaves. These he called the id, ego and super-ego. Freud also states that conflict exists between these three levels of personality. He is also of the stand that mental illness is as a result of psychological issues rather than physical issues.
CARL JUNG AND PSYCHODYNAMIC MODEL
Carl was a Swiss psychiatrist and a pupil of Freud. He was a follower of Freud but he was no in agreement with some of Freud’s theories. Carl’s contribution to psychodynamic model can be seen in his perceptions which includes:
a) That the psych tends towards wholeness.
b) That the self is composed of ego, the person conscious and the collective Unconsciousness.
Carl’s collective unconsciousness is made up of archetypes which manifests in a particular way with each individual. These archetypes are:
a) Anima which is the female quality that is present in men.
b) Animus which is the male qualities present in women.
c) Shadow which is the repressed animalistic tendency that individuals would not want to identify
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Solution Focused therapy just like its name focuses on the solution rather than the problem. It is based on a non-pathology model that lays emphasis on strengths rather than the weakness of the client and their resources. In solution focused therapy, the therapist and the client works collaboratively in reaching a goal and resolving problems.
Solution focused therapy is a goal-directed, collaborative approach to psytherapeutic change that is conducted through direct observation of client’s responses to a series of well constructed questions. In doing solution focused therapy, the therapist focuses on the present and the future and does not dwell in the past. During solution focused therapy, questions and compliments are the primary tools to use. Therapist do no not make interpretations and they rarely confront their clients instead they focus on identifying the client’s and generating a detailed description of what life would be when the goals are met. This is done through making use of miracle questions. They also make use of exception question to develop effective solutions, scaling question to get the client to think about the progress or the level of detoriation they have encountered within the therapeutic process, coping questions are designed to
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