Life Instinct And The Pychodynamic Model Of The Human Mind

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DEFINITION OF PSYCHOANALYTIC MODEL The psychodynamic model of the human mind can be defines as a methodical or organised study and psychological theory that lie beneath human behaviour, which lays emphasis on the inner play between the unconscious and the conscious mind. This model is ultimately as a result of Freud’s Psychoanalytic theory. Freud’s theory stated that the mind consists of three vital parts which are the conscious, subconscious and the unconscious which all together formed what he called the “Mental Iceberg”. The Psychodynamic model focuses its interest on the role which the childhood experience of an individual plays in the future of the individual’s mental health. The psychodynamic model consists of groups of theories which highlight the prevailing influences of instincts, drive and forces and also points out the important of developmental experience in shaping personality. Instincts and drives can be divided into two namely the Life Instinct and the Death Instincts. The life instinct is basically the Libido which seeks immediate gratification in satisfying the basic needs. E.g. hunger, love, protection etc. While the Death Instincts is the Thanatos which is the unconscious desire to die as can manifest in aggressiveness and self destruction. During the early stage of development, the psychodynamic model’s focal point was on the influence of conscious drive and forces but recently, psychodynamic model lays much important on the interactions between the

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