As the existentialist says “human beings cannot be understood as entities with fixed characteristics or as subjects interacting with a world of objects” [ CITATION Sch17 l 1033 ]. And perhaps this is as it should be. Life should have some mystery to it. It is that mystery that lends itself to self-discovery. And is self-discovery not the path of the
So to my wonder, would there be philosophical thinking without free will? Some philosophers, to my surprise, do believe free will is an illusion. Galen Strawson’s Basic Argument, argues that nothing can be causa sui or that nothing can be the cause of itself (On Galen Strawson’s Basic Argument, Pg. 1). Causa sui states that “we can never be ultimately morally responsible for our actions” (Your Move: The Maze of Free Will, Pg.1).
The issue of circularity with the syllogistic view no longer applies because it no longer makes sense: if a point is self-evident there is no room for circularity. If the Cogito is self-evident, then there cannot possibly be circularity. Likewise, if the Cogito is self-evident, then the objection I raised regarding the reliability of logic itself does not hold, as no logic is needed to arrive at something that is self-evident. Therefore the Cogito, if it is self-evident, is sound. As a result, the Cogito as a self-evident fact and intuition successfully defeats the strongest skeptical point that we cannot even know if we exist, and Descartes conclusion of the Cogito
Another weakness is the idea that Descartes only knows of his existence through his thinking. Everything is in the present tense meaning he is unable to make any predictions or thoughts on the past or the future. He makes thought the only characteristic in true existence which some see as a very broad assumption. Some philosophers rejected the necessity of thought to prove existence as they believed that when they turned the sentence ‘I think therefore I am’ to the reverse ‘I do not think therefore I am not’ they believed this to be untrue. An example of a rock was used to show that the rock may not be thinking however can still be in
Bertrand Russell offers views on motion and change which directly contradict the experience of humans. This discrepancy alone is not enough to discredit his ideas, but makes the argument somewhat of an uphill battle. I aim to somewhat illuminate his stance, however the very obvious issues with it must be addressed. In agreement with Zeno, Russell believes our universe is unchanging, accepting the Paradox of the Arrow as a refutation of a dynamic world. Because we can only experience one instant at a time, we may only make claims about the present moment, and in an infinitesimally small moment there cannot be any movement or change.
What is wrong with such kind of world? Lack of individuality, impossibility to express yourself. That is very similar to the dystopia in the short story of Kurt Vonnegut “Harrison Bergeron”. World where no one is better, but everyone is worse cannot be called utopia. Maybe suppressing everyone’s feelings will do the trick, thus no one will try to be different.
By: Divyye Chawra Someone once said in the world that, “In a world where everyone is a mask it is a privilege to see a soul.” This is a quote that explains that if everyone is hiding their true identity then they will not be much at all if we don’t actually see that identity at some point in time. If we “wear a mask” then we are showing that we might be happy and consent with the world and how it could be, but you are not going to be happy inside your heart, you will most probably be sad. When everyone is showing themselves it is inevitably better than not showing an actual representation, and wearing a mask. A mask is an item that many people use at times, but in the end it is harmful towards to the person that is using it. It is
It is impossible and illogical to hold people to different standards of freedom and determinism. These are metaphysical aspects. They concern the nature of reality and reality is not so fickle as to apply different standards of truth to different people. Due to this, everybody has limited freedom. Fate, environment, character, religion, and so on formed throughout a person’s life would cause a limited number of possibilities to be open for that person.
Pascal says, "We cannot but desire the truth and happiness, and are incapable of certainty or happiness" (57). He explains that humankind is unable to be certain or even obtain happiness. The human condition for Pascal to be uncertain in one 's life and from his thoughts one can infer that he leans more toward that once a person gets what he desires he will be unhappy with the outcome. Pascal differs from Voltaire in the view that once one gets what he has been hoping for he is not
I always link the argument back to my friends and how much of it was their fault; I focus so much on what they did or could’ve done. I never focused on what I did or could’ve done to prevent or solve the argument. While this had become normal, it wasn’t until now that I realized how much damaging this was towards my social relationships. While I lost so many important people in my life, it was my innate predisposition to focus on others’ faults that was to
Unfortunately, we have swallowed ideas and concepts that translate into feelings that tell us we are not perfect and that other people are not perfect either. And we treat ourselves and others as such. We blame ourselves and others for feeling bad, feeling worthless, feeling that there is no way for us to escape the hell on earth we find ourselves in where the parasites of fear, and grief, and suffering rule everything we do. However, The Mastery of Love tells us we can change these negative thoughts and emotions by becoming a master over them and replacing them with the love that is our natural given right. We have already mastered all of the negative feelings of how to be angry, jealous, envious, sorrowful, self-rejecting, other rejecting.
Even though this person may have wronged you, it 's better to be healed than to be right. Practice self love. Since we attract who we are, invite loving relationships into your life by living a life full of love - starting from within. Often times we expect others to love us, when we aren 't even kind to ourselves. We complain about our chunky thighs or our not so flat stomachs when we should be