But life takes a turn for the worse when Jurgis sprains his ankle and is out of work for months, causing his relatives to abandon the family and his job to be given to someone else without pay. Eventually, he has to work in the fertilizer plant - the most dangerous place - and his wife is forced to sleep with her boss while he is gone. When Jurgis finds that she is pregnant, he attacks the boss and is thrown in jail. He comes out to find his wife dying of premature birth along with the child. After he gets injured again, he becomes a beggar on the streets of Chicago.
Later in her pregnancy she becomes very ill. Soon after, she dies along with her baby. Suddenly Jurgis comes into realization with what is happening. Matthew Morris writes, “Jurgis comes to see and comprehend the class system that has destroyed everyone he cared about, and to join the fight to change that system” that has made him lose his job and lead to his wife’s death (5). Jurgis decides to join a rebellion to protest the mistreatment of immigrants.
The Jungle is a story that revolves around the protagonist Jurgis Rudkus and his family, the Lithuanian immigrant who came to America to lead a better life and worked at meatpacking plants of early 20th century Chicago. The story showcases the hardship that they underwent due to the harsh and bad working condition, poverty, starvation and being cheated by unjust people agents, eventually losing all their money. The Jungle provides us ways to look at the unfettered capitalism that prevailed in the early 20th century. This book also exposes the corruption, inequality, unjustness, sickness and slavery that existed in the society. Jurgis started off firmly believing on his American dream of having a better life where he would work hard and earn lots of money.
Jurgis’s dad, Dede Antanas, succumbs to the cold and his damp, dangerous working conditions and dies while working in the pickling rooms at a meat factory. The time for the wedding mentioned in the beginning has arrived, and the outcome leaves the poor family with more than one hundred dollars in debt. Afraid of the consequences of not being able to pay it off, more of the family works harder than ever, including Ona in a ham sewing factory, and eventually the young boys of the family as newsboys. Despite this rising debt, Marija’s factory closes and Jurgis is cut back on his hours. Outraged at this unfairness, Jurgis, as well as the rest of the eligible family members, join the Union and start to participate passionately.
Upton Sinclair wrote the Jungle in 1906 during the time of progressivism to portray the horrors of the labor conditions and non existing sanitary conditions of the meat packing industry. Jurgis and his family, immigrants from Lithuania, came to America expecting a prosperous life. The family dreamed of coming to America for a better life full of success and opportunity but as they began working in the stockyards they were exposed to the terrible quality of life experienced by the factory workers. The Jungle tells the story of a family of immigrants coming to America to gain freedom and portrays the dehumanization of the stockyards through the political corruption, inhumane child labor practices, and the horrific working conditions. Jurgis
In the book, Black Boy, by Richard Wright, Richard had a terrible childhood causing him to have severe physiological effects on his life. While, this idea is showed throughout the book, there are three incidents that show this idea. These incidents were when Richard was severely beaten and then suffered horrible flashbacks, when Richard produces anxiety around his relatives, and when Richard falls into a major depression. The first incident is when Richard is severely beaten by his parents after burning down his own house. This was resonant to Richard, “I found myself lying in bed, screaming, determined to run away, tussling with my mother and father who were trying to keep me still.
An aspect of the Funcionalist theory that can be applied to both characters is anomie , defined as “the loss of direction of the individual when social controls become ineffective”(Marshall). Through McRae we learn that his mother died when he was young and his dad was an alcoholic. Growing up, he had no parental guidance or support as a result, he ends up in trouble with the law for his incident in the Air Force. The theory of anomie can also be recognized in Belle Starr , from her history of sexual abuse conducted from her mother’s partners. Basically, rules and regulations don’t work anymore internally or externally as she tries to take vengeance on the men who remind her of her terrible
An immigrant, low social class background for a character named Jurgis demonstrates how inequitable life can be in the early 1900s. Jurgis was very enthusiastic and eager about how things worked in Chicago compared to Lithuania. He never imagined "one hog dressed by several hundred men"(43) considering that Lithuania usually had just one man and one hog. He explained almost every detail to his family about how things worked in the meat package. Although later on in the
Jurgis has Ona Lukoszaite who is his wife (Sinclair, Pg. 27) as like James who has Mae Braddock that he had two kids with working on a third. After a while in Chicago Ona and Jurgis have a baby boy named Antanas Rudkus who they love (Sinclair, Pg. 110) mean while James has a little girl named Rosie who he gives his food to so she is not hungry. As time goes on for Jurgis he starts to lose his family first Ona and his second baby then Antanas drowns and that is his braking point so he ran (Sinclair Pg.
Conrad went home still with “Severe Depressive Episodes [and a] High Risk of Suicide” (33 Guest). His family was devastated… his parents began to argue and fight in an unhealthy way, Beth his mother tells Calvin his father to stop caring so much and that “He’s not your little boy” (128). They started to grow
He knew he had a problem and had even tried to quit a few times, but to no avail. Towards the end of the decade, Bill’s drinking became so bad that his colleagues and even his wife began to avoid him. Then came the market crash in 1929. As his income and ego shrank, his drinking problem grew. He lost his job and spent his days in seclusion and booze-induced blackouts.
To keep the family from losing their jobs, Ona sleeps with her boss, Conner. When Jurgis finds this out, he gets very upset. Jurgis then finds Conner and physically assaults him. Consequently, he is condemned to thirty days in jail. When Jurgis is released, he finds Ona in labor.
For instance, in both stories the characters are abandoned. In The Shawl a young boy is abandoned by his mother who no longer wishes to be with his father. In the process his older sister gets killed and is then told that his mother was the one to blame. This affected the boy highly, for when he grew up he became an alcoholic and a abusive father. While in Years of my Birth, Linda, the narrator, is abandoned at birth
Holden’s depression directly relates to his family, specifically his brother, Allie. “I slept in the garage the night he dies, and I broke all the goddam windows with my fist…” (Salinger 39). Holden experiences much pain when his brother dies, leaving him constantly wondering about him and what might happen to him. From a general perspective, Holden would seem in need of psychoanalysis, however, death is never easy to cope with, especially at his age. Holden’s parents hold more of a negative influence on his life.
As a result of the epigram, Mandelstam was tortured psychologically and physically before being sent to a prison camp. Yolanda Delgado, the author of The final days of Russian writers: Osip Mandelstam, describes his last moments in prison, “By this point the great poet was extremely exhausted and paranoid: he refused to eat his camp rations, fearing that he might be poisoned” (The final days of Russian writers: Osip Mandelstam, Delgado). Because of his delusionary state, Mandelstam was under constant paranoia, and at the prison, he later died of heart failure, most likely due to malnutrition. In the end, he sacrificed his life to poetry both figuratively and literally. (incomplete) In the introduction of Poems from Mandelstam, a translated collection of Mandelstam’s poem, Ervin Brody describes his legacy,“He was chiefly concerned with the preservation of Russia’s cultural and moral heritage, and his best poetry attests to the survival of art and consciousness .