Copper chloride dissolve in aqueous solutions to give [Cu (H2O)6]2+ which has blue color, and yellow or red color of the halide complexes [CuCl2+x]x-. Concentrated solutions of CuCl2 are green due to the combination of these various chromophores. It's also considering as week Lewis acid and mild oxidizing agent. The aqueous solutions of copper(II) chloride is Green when high in [Cl−], but more blue when lower in [Cl−]. Parent acid and base: Hydrochloric acid HCl + Cu (OH) 2 Uses: *Can be used in organic synthesis as it effects chlorination of aromatic hydrocarbons, this is often performed in the presence of aluminium oxide.
7. Empirical Formula for copper sulfide:Cu2S In order to determine the empirical formulas, the mass in grams is converted to moles. Average mass of copper: 1.24g Cu Average mass of sulfur: 0.28g S 1.24g Cu X 1 mol Cu/ 63.55g Cu = 0.0195mol Cu 0.28g S X 1 mol S/ 32.07g S = 0.0087mol S Then, to find the smallest whole number ratio, we divided each number of moles by the smallest number. The ratio is 2Cu:1S, so the empirical formula is Cu2S 0.0195mol Cu / 0.0087mol S= 2 0.0087mol S / 0.0087mol S = 1 8. Balanced chemical equation for the formation of copper sulfide from copper and sulfur.
Balanced Chemical Equation: Cu(s) + 4HNO3(aq) —> Cu(NO3)2 (aq) + 2NO2 (g) + 2H2O (l) Reaction 2: when sodium hydroxide (NaOH) is added to copper (II) nitrate (Cu(NO3)2), a double displacement reaction will occur. Copper and sodium will displace each other to create copper (II) hydroxide and sodium nitrate. Balanced Chemical Equation: Cu(NO3)2 (aq) + 2NaOH (aq) —> CuOH2 (s) + 2NaNO3 (aq) Reaction 3: When copper (II) hydroxide is heated, a decomposition reaction will occur. The reaction will decompose forming two compounds, Copper (II) oxide, and water. Balanced Chemical Equation: Cu(OH)2 (s) + Heat —> CuO (s) + H2O (g) Reaction 4: when a sulphuric acid is added to the solution that contains copper (II) oxide, a double displacement reaction will occur.
There is one mole of OH- in the solution since NaOH goes to Na+ and OH-. Trial 1: 25.65mL NaOH x 0.100mol/1000mL = 2.57 x 10-3 mol NaOH = 2.57 x 10-3 mol HA = 2.57 x 10-3 mol H+. The equivalent mass is 0.356g Acid / 2.57 x 10-3 mol H+ = 139g/mol H+ Trial 2: 49.57mL NaOH x 0.100 mol / 1000 mL = 4.96 x 10-3 mol NaOH = 4.96 x 10-3 mol HA = 4.96 x 10-3 mol H+. The equivalent mass is 0.644g Acid / 4.96 x 10-3 mol H+ = 130.g/mol H+ Average = (139g Acid / 1 mol H+) + (130.g Acid / 1 mol H+) / 2 = 135g/mol H+. The average equivalent mass for the acid is 135g/mol H+.
Swirl the solution to ensure that the NaOH is properly dissolved in the deionised water. B) Prepare an Oxalic Acid Solution (approximately 0,05M) 1. Place a clean, dry glass beaker on the electronic scale. 2. Determine the mass of the glass beaker.
The purpose of this experiment was to perform a Wittig reaction using two different methods: In method I, 250 mg aldehyde was mixed with 785 mg phosphonium salt in 5 M NaOH solvent. This mixture was stirred for thirty minutes and filter by vacuum filtration for the product. In method 2, 250 mg of aldehyde, 785 mg, benzyltriphenylphosphonium chloride, and 380 mg potassium phosphate tribasic were homogenize with a pestle and mortar. Vacuum filtration was also used in this method to attain the product. The products in both methods were used for recrystallization and TLC.
Degradation study of Product 01 using Aqueous 1N NaOH solution .The mechanism is operated by hydrolysis. The hydroxyl group (-OH) of NaOH attacks an electrophilic carbon of >C=O group which an removal of tertiary Nitrogen gives 4-MBA and PD as by products. Degradation study of Product 02 using Aqueous 1N NaOH solution . The mechanism is operated by hydrolysis. The hydroxyl group (-OH) of NaOH attacks an electrophilic carbon of >N-C=O which as rearrangement gives carbonial .
The electrochemical behaviour of copper-1,10-phenanthroline (phen) complex in aqueous and in water-acetone mixed solutions was studied by CV-thin layer spectroelectrochemistry. In aqueous solution, [Cu(II)(phen)2]2+ complex electrochemically reduced to [Cu(I)(phen)2H2O]+ with maximum absorption at 405nm, and followed by a reversible chemical reaction. The formal potential, E0=0.078V, the number of electron transferred, n=1.0, and the equilibrium constant of the following chemical reaction, K=0.107 (0.005), were determined. In water-acetone mixed solution, [Cu(II)(phen)2]2+ reduced to [Cu(I)(phen)2]+ with maximum absorption at 435 nm. Keywords: CV-thin layer spectroelectrochemistry; copper-1,10-phenanthroline complex 1.