Baldwin gives us an alternative space of darkness. This reference of darkness being depicted by the Narrator is his connection that the nightclub and what it stands for is symbolic to all the things negative associated in Harlem. The Narrator associates Jazz music and drugs as one of the same. “The waitress ran around, frantically getting in the last orders, guys and chicks got closer to each other, and the lights in the bandstand, on the quarter, turned to a kind of indigo.” The narrators idea of darkness is changed in this scene. His interpretation of darkness has changed.
The narrator’s darkness comes from his inability to deal with emotions; he tells himself that he and the people around him have no suffering in their lives, despite the darkness being everywhere he looks. Although the characters in the story are fictional, the lives of Sonny and the narrator are reminiscent of people in real life. Just as people do in everyday life, Sonny and the narrator go through periods of darkness in the story, only to find light in the end. The shift from darkness to light in “Sonny’s Blues” holds immense significance
In James Baldwin’s “Sonny’s Blues,” the theme of imprisonment and escape is illustrated, as Sonny and his brother (the narrator) are trapped both physically and emotionally. Although much of the imprisonment illustrated in the story is abstract, “Sonny’s Blues” begins with the narrator reading in the newspaper about his younger brother, Sonny, being incarcerated for the sale of heroin. Sonny is physically imprisoned in jail and by drug addiction. Being in prison is a feeling that Sonny hates. The physical imprisonment of Sonny is symbolic to the rest of the story as it represents another major theme; the pain, suffering, and struggles black males faced in Harlem in the 1940’s and 1950’s.
The movie Menace II Society exploits a common stereotype of the violent, aggressive poverty-stricken, drugged black society. The main characters Caine, O-Dog, and Tat, all black men, continuously are shown to curse in nearly every sentence without remorse. That may not seem quite as severe, but in the beginning of the film, there is an opening cutscene based around a Watts, Los Angeles riot in 1965. This scene is a meaningless attempt to instill a sense of relevance to the audience in order to distract from the stereotypical and even racist portrayal of the black neighborhood. Not only that, but the plot of the movie seems eerily as though there is a constant need to “escape” this notably predominantly black society and its drug deals, criminality, and “ghetto” look.
The cracks on the building convey light,or emotions, escaping into the conscious mind when the Man-Moth is above ground. However, as one reaches the end of the poem the original darkness displayed in the city can be recognized in the eye of the Man-Moth; “...hold a flashlight up to his eye/It’s all dark pupil/an entire night itself…” (Bishop 41-43). Bishops ambiguous words leave an awning perception on how reality has been compacted into the creature’s own pupil once it has failed to reach it’s dreams. In response to this the Man-Moth releases his only possession; a single tear. This tear symbolizes the Man-Moth’s innocence, life, and aspirations (Unterecker).
Edgar Allan Poe addresses the dark and gruesome side of human nature in his writing “The Black Cat”, which during that time and even now are perceived as radical ideas. This dark human nature is displayed in Poe’s writing as the narrator recalls the happenings of a most erratic event. The narrator, a pet lover with a sweet disposition, in this story succumbs to the most challenging aspects of human nature including that of addiction, anger, and perverseness. To the Christian believer, human’s sinful flesh leads people to do wrong because that is their natural tendency. The same idea is present in Poe’s writing as the narrator gives in to his own perverseness.
As he teaches he hears, “Their laughter...It was not the joyous laughter which God knows why-one associates with children. It was mocking and insular, its intent was to denigrate.” (Baldwin, Sonny’s Blues) The Narrator also talks about the “vivid, killing streets of our childhood,” as he finally understands the danger Sonny is trying to escape and finally finds the truth of his mother's advice. “ You may not be able to stop nothing from happening. But you gotta let him know you’s there.” (Baldwin, Sonny's
By breaking the fourth wall and commenting on the production of the play, Gelber creates a kind of hyperrealism in which the audience is an active participant, creating the distinction between the play’s reality and the audience’s reality. The subject matter of the play (which in itself is a play about society using drug addicts and jazz musicians) brings a sense of hyper realism as well, the dialogue and plot attempts to perceive human social life in general: the dependency on interaction, the limbo of waiting (for a drug dealer in this case), and the oppression of capital society. It is also important note, as Mike Sell points out in his article “Jazz and the Drug War,” that jazz is a crucial part of this high realism. Written during the Cold War, jazz became a subculture of utopian society where audiences and performers alike could get away from it all. Gelber uses this history to incorporate the utopian aesthetic of jazz, while pairing it with drug addiction and an “improvised” play to compare real society to the allusion of free
From what they see, the house is falling apart and is very dark inside all the time. Another one of their neighbors is Mrs. Dubose. They think of her as really disrespectful which causes no one to like her as a person. Half way through the trial, the kids go outside and meet Dolphus Raymond, who pretends to act a certain way to not get in trouble when he is being himself. These are the three main characters in the book that had their appearances misunderstood.
In response, Boyd comments, “It is rather the coming of an awareness of darkness, of the evil in man’s heart that was present in the children all along” (Boyd 27). His elaboration explains how the beast was not only in Ralph but in all of the young boys. Boyd also mentions Ralph’s self-awareness and how he did come back to himself at the end of the book. Ralph’s innocence has vanished and he is beginning to regret the decisions
Mom, this is your son hector and I hope you one day read this so you can hear about my adventures of being kept in a horrible camp for bad boys. Here it isn 't even the work they force us to do that upsets me the most, it 's the emotion they put you through. The kids call me names like idiot, worm, mole, and other saddening things. There is one ince friend here and he tried teaching me how to read, but these people think digging is more important than Learning words that I used to make this! So, they completely shut us down, that moment triggered something in me!
When one grows up, it is inevitable they will lose their innocence. Seeing the world through rose colored glasses can only take one so far, and eventually they will have to open their eyes to real issues in their lives. While this happens at different ages for everyone, Atticus in the novel To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee believes that his kids should not be sheltered from the real world. As Scout and Jem, Atticus’ children, grow up, especially in a time where Maycomb is so segregated, Atticus teaches his kids real life lessons and to not become like the rest of their town; racist and judgemental. This comes with a cost, however, as the kids “grow up” at an expedited rate.