Throughout history social scientists have been trying to examine the different parameters of race in terms of phenotypic characteristics, and cultural behaviors regarding the different groups that society construct’s. legally judges have had different rulings regarding the categorization of different ethnicities and groups within the United States. Many philosophers such as Kwame Appiah, and Scientists such as Dr. James Watson have had opposing arguments on the topic of race and whether it exists or not. In order to do so we need to examine the different definitions of race, and analyze them in order to see how race is a social construct, where people’s notions of race and their interactions with different races determine the way they perceive
Wang, Leu and Shoda (2011) hypothesized that while many individuals may believe that racial microaggressions are harmless, in reality, racial microaggressions could have deleterious effects on the emotional well-being of racial minorities. The authors hypothesized that the potential emotional “sting” of seemingly innocuous microaggressions is proportional to the strength of such a belief. In addition, the authors hypothesized that appraisals of these microaggressions would be associated with externalizing emotions. To assess the issue, the authors conducted two studies. In the first study, the authors conducted a focus group with nine self-identified Asian American college students (78% women; ages 20 to 26).
The “triangular trade in human flesh” that Yaeger writes about refers to The Middle Passage. The Middle Passage is a voyage that millions of West Africans took to the New World. The commodities described in this quote are commodities that are touched by forced labor from the slaves. Many products that are tainted by slavery are very labor intensive and/or delicate, but as more and more slaves arrive, the less the owners care to keep their current slaves content with their living and working conditions. These slaves transform raw materials that they pick out in fields into commodities for their white owners.
I agree with the author that society is mostly unaware of the courteous granted to white people. The think that is just how it is. On the other hand, it is my opinion that people of color don’t realize the hardships and burden that a lot of white people face. It is not a one size fits all bag. The people of color think it is only directed at them.
Privilege is a strong word it is define as “a special right advantage, or immunity granted or available only to a particular person or group of people”. How has privilege shaped my life, by dealing with race, by being an African American it a privilege to be free and not bond to someone like my ancestors had to go through in the slave days. John Blake mention in his article It’s time to talk about ‘black privilege’ , that being black we have privilege it gave an example, “Black History month congress had passed a sweeping civil right act 1875 that band discrimination”(J.Blake).yes, I agree with him that a great privilege to have and be able celebrate the great things or ancestors did and how they pave the way for African American. Privilege
In the article “The Hidden Racism of Young White Americans” author Sean McElwee analyzes data on white Americans. The first graph shows that white individuals in all age groups agreed in the same amount of numbers to statements like “Black people are lazy, black people are unintelligent, and blacks face a little or no discrimination at all” (McElwee 2012). McElwee mentions, “Age tells us far less about an individual’s likelihood of expressing racist sentiments than factors like education, geography and race” (McElwee 2015). Since the graph showed all age groups agreeing similarly throughout the board. The next graph shows “work ethic of whites to blacks” (McElwee 2015).
Racial Equality: A Raisin in the Sun In the 1950’s racial discrimination was a huge factor in the lives of African Americans. Lorraine Hansberry’s book, “A Raisin in the Sun,” helps people imagine the struggles that a standard African American family would have to endure. In the novel, the Younger family has poor housing conditions, badly paying jobs, and have given up hope of ever escaping their circumstances.
Most individuals today would not argue the occurrence of a certain group of folk is biologically inferior in each differing nation. This biological racism has increasingly become a well-known and documented type of racism; structural racism. This is supplanted in a form of social and cultural racism that magnifies superior groups’ way of life and assumptions about the world and is defined as “the allowance of one to focus on the way discrimination is built into systems of power and institutions (Frideres and Gadacz, 12) Structural racism manifests itself in different ways which Canada is solemnly subject to. In Canada’s attempts to respond to past mass harms conducted by their country, the Canadian government adopts an approach that is unsuccessful
The author goes on to say that, no matter what the arguments are, racial identity, just as it was in the early 1900s, has again become the topic of conversation, for example, what is “Black” in America, what is the “one-drop rule,” and what is the litmus test to be “Black” (Balkaran, 2016, p. 1)? In spite of these questions, the issue still remains, Ms. Dolezal’s dedication to promoting social justice, equality and respect for the African American culture, regardless of her color or racial identity. Balkaran further states that Ms. Dolezal’s racial identity should not be criticized by the media. Instead, the discussion “should go beyond race and ethnicity, and encompass a discussion on becoming an integrated racially tolerant society despite
There are many people in this lifetime that have experienced discrimination, but today I decided to do my cultural interview on my boyfriend .Terrell Rainey is an African American male, born April 8, 1996 born in Decatur Georgia. I decided to interview on him because of his traumatizing childhood and his drive to overcome poverty .The interview consisted of a series of question that give a brief description of his background and perception on discrimination. The Cultural interview started off with an introduction of who he was and the purpose of the activity.