Likert's Theory Of Management Analysis

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When talking about management style there are many theories and models to choose from, some may relate to each other while others may have contradictory views. The theory used in this paper is Likert’s Theory of Management. The proponent of this theory is Dr. Rensis Likert, (born August 5, 1903 - died September 3, 1981). He is an American Social Scientist who developed the theory of management in the 1960’s and also developed the Likert Scale which is commonly used in research questionnaires. In Likert’s Theory of Management, the efficiency of an organization is influenced by the system of management used. It has been confirmed that an efficient manager is the one who is subordinate-centered. The managers try to group all the employees into…show more content…
In the articles of Tajedin (2017) and Zadeh (2013), they both used the same theory but they have different variables. Tajedin related the theory on employee’s job satisfaction where they try to clarify the influence of the manager’s leadership style on employee’s satisfaction. They hypothesized that there is a meaningful relationship between the theory to job satisfaction. The results supported their hypotheses that there was a relationship between the four leadership styles and job satisfaction. Zadeh, on the other hand, researched on the effect of the theory to empowering employees/staff. Their main hypothesis is that there is a significant relationship between the theory and staff empowering. The result of the research indicated that there is a relationship between the theory and staff empowering. Of the two articles stated above both of them made use of the theory properly since the theory of Likert motivates humane factors that where Dr. Likert considers it as an effective way of leading a group. The variables relate well to the theory for job satisfaction and staff empowerment deals with the feelings and emotions of the employees. B. Review of…show more content…
While the managers or leaders have the right to make final decisions, they use their employee’s contribution to meet their objectives. All of these studies concluded that an employee-centered management style is the most prominent management style (Dulcic et al; 2006, Tajedin et al; 2017, Yeh & Hsieh, 2017, Zadeh et al; 2013). Although these studies had different variables and participants, the results of their studies support the researcher’s hypothesis and their methodology differ. In the article “The leadership styles in the hospitality industry in Dubrovnik-neretvian County” by Dulcic & Raguz (2006) talked about determining the dominant leadership style in the hospitality industry. They gave out an extensive questionnaire using the Likert’s scale to identify the dominant leadership style. The respondents of their study are the top level managers of the hotels in the Dubrovnik-Neretva County. The results of this study from the questionnaire and t-test done showed that the most dominant leadership style in the hospitality industry is the consultative leadership

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