The ability of the employees to learn via thinking is an essential competency for the organization or the workplace, (Johnson, 1997). The authors have emphasized on the implementation of the resource-based view in the strategic leadership and management of the teams and organizations in general, and the use of the managerial skills in particular. This is a very important approach because the use of the resource based approach in general helps people working in teams to analyse the strengths and weaknesses in terms of the available resources for sustaining the competitive advantage. The managerial skills can be used by the team members when the resources of the firm are not adequate in order for creating a competitive edge. The managers working in groups can use their human, conceptual, and technical skills in order to achieve a distinctive position in the marketplace.
Research shows that motivated employees tend to display more positive work attitudes than employees who are not motivated. Therefore it is important that organizations identify these factors that affect employee motivation. The first section analyses the summary of purpose, rationale and related literature of this study. The
There are fourteen management ideologies that presently exist, executed and followed, at least ten of the fourteen match Geraldine Barney Garrett’s mindset to managing exactly (History of Management Thought, n.d., pp. 7,8). Main beliefs such as, power, directive, instruction, understanding, and sympathetic (History of Management Thought, n.d., pp. 7,8). Not only does Geraldine Barney Garrett follow these values meticulously, but as well as believing the role of manager survives and destined to pass down generations but that managers are not actually born with management ideals.
In an organization, managers carry out several functions and play many key roles. They are accountable for handling many situations, most of these situations are different from each other and when the time comes to handle such situations, managers use their own management styles. But it all depends on situations because one specific management style doesn’t solve the problem for every situations, so for that we have different types of management styles. Therefore by different types of management styles managers will be able to handle different situations at the best way they can. Management styles works as a leadership method used by a manager.
Another model concerned for managers has been proposed by McGregor (1960) who suggested that management-leadership style is influenced by leaders’ assumption about human nature and, in particular, about employees’ nature. He proposed two opposite visions of managers in industry called Theory X and Theory Y. The former states that managers have a negative view of their subordinates’ nature and it assumes that the average employee has a natural dislike and revulsion of work that lead him/her to avoid it if possible. This implies that Theory X managers believe that coercion and close control are necessary to motivate workers and to push them to work. On the other hand, Theories Y managers have a positive attitude towards their employees’ nature
This allows managers to alter their mentality of their position and the way they consider and employ workers. The theorist that best relates to the Contemporary Schools of Management Thought, is Mr. Ken Blanchard, a renowned American researcher, advisor, and author of numerous books on management. Together with Mr. Paul Hersey in Situational Leadership and a model that focuses on effective leadership. In 1979 Ken Blanchard and his wife established a management consultancy, he received several bestsellers with his experiences and investigations in consumer loyalty, coaching, worker interaction, project development, coaching. (van Vilet,
Healthy work environment has always been an implicit and basic requirement for every employee. Work related attitude plays a significant role in understanding the holistic impact of this work environment on the employees. Whimsical and mercurial employee attitudes have always been a characteristic of modern generation. In the past decades, organizations are facing poor level of attitudes from the employees. A majority of these include inadequate liaison among the team mates, casual and frivolous handling of tools and machinery, nonchalant attitude of staff in performing their tasks and duties, indifferent behavior of employees in carrying out certain specific duties have left researchers a few important things to ponder.
In addition to this, it is evinced by vast amount of empirical studies (~400) and has been tested extensively. The theory emphasizes on decreasing the expectations from the leaders and instead focusing on matching a leader to a suitable task. It is an important procedure during reorganization/management change because it takes into account the leadership profiles in an organization. There are also few criticisms of the Fiedler Contingency Model out of which the biggest is lack of flexibility. Fiedler believed that because natural leadership style is fixed, the most efficient way to control situations is to replace the leader.
The artistic creation of managing is very pivotal in today’s world. It is because neither the centralized control of an organization nor individual planning can be practical to face the fast stream of the world. As things are getting bigger and more baroque, the operation of the rigid company has started to be inefficient, group work without any plan might not hold on, which finally leads to the inception of management. Management is a time-bounded set of beliefs, ideas, and practices by which to organize public and private organizations (Keulen & Kroeze, 2014). To begin with, in the first place, most organizations applied the classical management theory which held the belief of employees that possessed economical needs, social needs and job
Task 2- Prepare a briefing paper that compares the effectiveness of different leadership styles. You should explain how organizational theory underpins the practice of management and evaluate the different approaches to management used by at least two other organizations and the implications of these findings for the management of Solid State Technologies Ltd. “Leadership is the art of motivating a group of people to act towards achieving a common goal” - Phill Cronin, different leadership styles have different effectiveness and it depends on how we use it, the leadership styles can spilt into four types, they are talks, sells, consults and joins, it refer to the behavior of the leaders and the behavior comes from leader’s personality. (Blogspot.sg,