Learning disabilities can come from a biological stance. It’s based on the way a person is “wired”. It affects the brain’s ability to process or store information. More than likely, children with learning disabilities are smarter than everyone else. They just have trouble with things like reading, spelling, or writing. Sadly, it can not be cured, however there are types of medicines that can somewhat improve it and make it easier to live with.
The key points from this week’s text reading discussed issues that special educations teachers need to know relating to vocabulary, law and identification of intellectual disabilities (ID). We learned about how ID characteristics impact education, social attitudes and academic needs of students, their families and the communities they live. The reading from the assigned from our textbook and the websites gave my an excellent base understanding of intellectual disabilities.
Disability affects development and learning because disability affects children's development in different ways. That can be physically and sensory, social, emotional and behavioural and learning or cognitive.
Of course, we are not talking here about students whose comprehension is severely impaired, because they are usually schooled individually and have a special grading system, adjusted to their needs and abilities. But in the classrooms there are often students with less obvious disabilities, which, although less severe, can also create academic challenges. Some of them, such as dyslexia or dyscalculia, are directly related to learning and may affect the speed at which students acquire the material. Others, such as anxiety or ADHD may not only disrupt learning, but also are very likely to cause discrepancies between the students’ subject knowledge and their exam and assignment results.
There are many reasons why children's and young people's development may not follow the expected pattern some of these are:
A developmental disability is a condition that impairs a child 's natural process of development. Developmental disabilities can occur in any number of areas, including behavior, language, learning, and physicality. Devereux Georgia is a behavioral health organization working with children and families throughout the Kennesaw, Georgia, area.
This essay’s purpose is to highlight how school curriculum is altered in order to include a student with additional learning needs. Every student is unique and for that reason a teacher must differentiate the curriculum to suit the needs of student with a specific learning difficulty. Dyslexia is the learning difficulty which will be examined theoretically and methodically in this essay. This essay will examine the different learning theories of how to engage a child with dyslexia in the classroom. In addition, this essay will investigate Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development and Vygotsky’s Social Constructivism.
Dudley-Marling, K. (2004). The social construction of learning disabilities. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 37(6), 482-489.
However, the program created in 1975 was only for students with Intellectual Disabilities which excluded dyslexia. It wasn’t until 1990 when the government revamped the qualifications for disability services yet again to include services to students with dyslexia. Because this program is so premature teachers are often not prepped with information on students with dyslexia and it is often these students slip through the system undiagnosed. Not only is there a problem of underdiagnoses but because of a lack of information on the disability the students who are diagnosed do not receive proper education for coping with their
The timing of identification was similar in each group. The proportion of students diagnosed with LD who were ELL matches the portion in the schools in the group with RTI. The proportion who were ELL in comparison group suggests underrepresentation with 16% of students diagnosed with LD in schools were 50 percent of students are ELL. Reading difficulties of students with vocabulary and comprehension problems became increasingly prominent as more ELL students were identified as learning disabled in third through fifth
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is a syndrome diagnosed primarily at birth, has treatments and is easily prevented.
In the Warnock report the term ‘ children with learning difficulties’ should be used to describe children are currently categorised as educationally sub normal and those with educational difficulties.Gillard, D. Warnock report 1978 - notes on the text. http://www.educationengland.org.uk/documents/warnock/ .
Learning difficulties are also a factor that influences a child’s development. Children with learning difficulties will need extra support with certain areas of development and may develop low self-esteem because they get annoyed with themselves for not being able to do something, such as a simple numeracy problem or read a book.
The American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and The Center for Parent Information and Resources are both good websites that explains Intellectual Disabilities. According to the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, an “intellectual disability is a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning (reasoning, learning, problem solving) and in adaptive behavior, which covers a range of everyday social and practical skills. This disability originates before the age of 18 (AAIDD - Resources for Intellectual and Developmental Disability Professionals, n.d).” Intellectual disability is one of the most common developmental disability. It is estimated that
Intellectual disability (ID) is also known as mental retardation and is characterized by below-average intelligence or mental ability and it is necessary to have a skills for day-to-day living. People with intellectual disabilities can and do learn new skills, but they learn them more slowly. There are varying degrees of intellectual disability, from mild to profound.