Limitations Of The Anglo Irish Treaty

1043 Words5 Pages
In 1921 following the War of Independence, The Anglo-Irish Treaty was signed establishing the Irish Free State, which would grant Ireland limited autonomy as a dominion of Great Britain and have equal status as that of the other dominions. However the Anglo-Irish Treaty had certain conditions that bitterly divided Irish politics. These included the “treaty ports”, the decision for Northern Ireland to “opt-out”, the crown being represented by a governor general and most notoriously the “Oath of Allegiance”. As a result the 1922 Constitution was heavily influenced by the limitations of the treaty. Eamon De Valera strongly opposed it and resigned as President and sought re-election but was defeated by Arthur Griffith and Michael Collins who then began drafting the Constitution.
According to Mohr (2008) “Dáil Éireann ratified the “Articles of Agreement for a treaty between Great Britain and Ireland” on January 7th 1922 and the Irish Provisional Government was brought into existence a week later” A “constitutional committee” began work on the 24th of January.
There were numerous drafts created and the final draft was ratified on the 25th of October 1922 by the Dáil and went into force by Royal Proclamation of King George on December 6th 1922.
This system continued until 1932 when President of the executive council, William T Cosgrove dissolved the Dáil and called an election. However, according to Keogh and McCarthy “the prevailing economic circumstances were not favourable and

More about Limitations Of The Anglo Irish Treaty

Open Document