One month prior to the end of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln gave his Second Inaugural Address. The address, spoken before his second term as president, was intended to give his views on the causes of the Civil War and to list reasons why the war started. In the speech, Lincoln addresses the reasons and causes of the war and tries to bring the North and South together. In order to convince the two to unite once more, Lincoln uses alliteration, allusion, synecdoche, and metonymy to make his point and purpose clear. Lincoln utilizes alliteration in order to achieve his purpose of uniting the two unions together.
The quote shows the only way out for safety or protection is to secede from the state. The southern states seceded because of Abraham Lincoln 's election, which convinced that the slaves way of life based on slavery was threatened. Seceding from the state brought more intentions for the war to happen easily because states were separated and divided which brought issues in the union and the confederate states. Concerning the civil war, the north and the south used political strategies such as the anaconda plan and cotton to win the war. The anaconda plan was an idea by Winfield Scott to win the war.
But comparing that to of “Learning to Read” by Malcolm X of the mid-20th century where slavery ended but racism is still America’s greatest threat. Comparing and contrasting will show how these two African-Americans spoke their perspective of their struggles for themselves and others as well. Living in slavery
He further accepts it at its current state, in regard to the battle with Mexico and the institution of slavery. Thus that a person ought to do as he does and not agree to pay taxes to the state that is in support of such evil customs or practices. While both King and Thoreau triumph in their establishment of a firm perception of what they strongly have faith in, they both are successful in their efforts to persuade through different means. Regarding the manner in which King draws emotional appeal through passionate speech, we also see with Thoreau when he makes apparent that he is devoted in what he stands for. Thus attracting more appeal through being more troubled and concerned instead of being innocently optimistic and hopeful.
Through the 1790's and prior, The United States developed a systematic racism through slavery. Benjamin Banneker, an educated man, son of a freed slave, drafted a letter to Thomas Jefferson, writer of the Declaration of Independence. Banneker composed this letter to prompt Jefferson to take a strong stance against slavery so that slavery may eventually end. His letter courteously questions Jefferson's validity of the statement “all men are created equal” within the Declaration of Independence by calling to question the institution of slavery. Banneker uses repetition to reinforce a formal and respectful tone, utilizes strong and emotional diction, and concludes with a biblical allusion.
For example, Banneker uses two important pieces of sources, the Declaration of Independence and the Bible, to show just how wrong slavery is. According to his letter, “Put you souls in their soul’s stead thus shall your hearts be enlarged with kindness and benevolence towards them, and thus shall you need neither the direction of myself or others, in what manner to proceed herein.” He relates to the bible of how you should put yourself in the perspective of slaves to understand them and what they go through. Once you put yourself in their position, you will be filled with “kindness” and “benevolence” towards them. Understanding the struggle slaves go through, working every day, no rights, and freedom, you will put an end to slavery. In addition, Banneker uses the Declaration of Independence to stress the importance of freedom and rights for slaves.
Then there was Charles Sumner, thinking on the same lines as Stevens. According to www.history.com/topics/charles-sumner ”He saw Reconstruction as the opportunity to establish civil rights for blacks, first in the South where Congress had explicit authority and gradually in the North. In 1865 he insisted that suffrage be granted to all black males. At the time of his death, Sumner was still vainly agitating for federal legislation repealing all discriminatory laws.” Finally, there was President Andrew Johnson. After Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, just as the South surrendered in April 1865, and then Andrew Johnson inherited the problem of Reconstruction.
Allen Guelzo’s Thesis was centered around the idea that Lincoln viewed emancipation as “a goal to be achieved through prudential means, so that worthwhile consequences might result.” He argued that every gradual step Lincoln took towards the abolition of slavery was done to “balance the integrity of ends with the integrity of means,” to accomplish this while still placing the constitution above all of his personal opinions. Guelzo then presented and answered four questions that he believed arose as a result of his prudence argument; why is the language of the Proclamation bland, did the Proclamation actually do anything, did the slaves free themselves, and finally did Lincoln issue the Proclamation to only to prevent European intervention or inflate Union morale? In response to the first, Guelzo makes the point that the Proclamation was a legal document, and that “every syllable was liable to… legal
The two documents “Abraham Lincoln Appraises Abolition (1854)” and “Douglass Looks Back on Abolition (1882)” refute each other on the subject of Abolition. Frederick Douglass took abolition as a very aggressive way to be against slavery while Abraham Lincoln saw it more intentionally than aggressive. Douglass was an avid abolitionist who really stretched for equality throughout blacks, females, and natives. He was apart of the newspaper The Liberator and was always making speeches on anti-slavery. Lincoln was Whig at the time of his speech but later became the leader of the Republican Party.
Several compromises were made over the issue of slavery between the Three-Fifths Compromise in the Constitution and the Civil War. Most of these compromises were made in the hope of avoiding a civil war between the North and the South, but they just prolonged the inevitable battle. The Missouri Compromise was one of the first federal laws that focused solely on slavery, including the balance of slave and free states in the federal government. When Missouri applied for statehood in 1817, there was a balance in the Senate of 11 slave states and 11 free states. Debate broke out in Congress, owing to the fact that if Missouri was added as a free state or slave state, it would tip the balance towards that side with two more votes in the Senate.
During the Second Great Awakening, new religious doctrine originating in the New England states led to a shifting of religious beliefs, including long held opinions regarding slavery. This mid-19th Century reform was sparked by Abolitionist leaders like William Lloyd Garrison, who took to the podium as well as published anti-slavery views. Likewise, Fredrick Douglas took a stand as a free black man, educator, writer and orator, publicly denouncing slavery. In addition, Harriet Tubman along with Quakers assisted groups of slaves to freedom through the use of the Underground Railroad. Books such as Uncle Tom’s Cabin exposed the inhumane abuse and treatment of slaves, bringing profound awareness of atrocities being carried out by slave owners
One way for the abolitionists to prove slavery should be officially banned. To begin with, William Lloyd Garrison. Garrison favored full political rights for the slaves (pg 423). Alexander Hamilton and Benjamin Franklin also opposed slavery (pg 422). They agreed that slavery trespassed the most basic principle in the Declaration of Independence where it states, “All men are created equal” (pg 422).
There are many factors that led up to the American Civil War. One of the main causes was the conflict that arose from the North and South’s opposing views of slavery. In Abraham Lincoln’s “A House Divided” speech he said, “In my opinion, [slavery] will not cease, until a crisis shall have been reached, and passed. ‘A house divided against itself cannot stand’” (A House Divided 511). This quote was a prediction and antecedent to what would later be known in history as the American Civil War.
The proclamation also gave renewed purpose to Union Soldiers, who now saw their cause as abolition as well as the preservation of the union. The European powers to withdraw support for the confederacy. The Emancipation Proclamation and Changed the Course of the Civil War. The African American was allowed to join the armed forces and by the end of the war nearly 200,000 would honorably serve. Slavery was abolished on December 6, 1865, In the summer of 1862 President Lincoln first proposed the Emancipation Proclamation to his cabinet.
He says, ““it would be a betrayal of everything Reverend Pinckney stood for, I believe, if we allow ourselves to slip into a comfortable silence again.” He goes on to state, “That’s what we so often do to avoid uncomfortable truths about the prejudice that still infects our society.” This is a call to action by the president for the nation to not forget about this incident. We cannot become quiet about this disaster as we have done for many others. Pinckney would want us to work towards eliminating this bias. The group singing of “Amazing Grace” was one of Obama’s uses of pathos. This has a unifying effect and makes the speech feel heartfelt.