It's no wonder that in recent years the language teaching profession has placed a concentrated emphasis on listening, as it is considered to be a major component in language learning and teaching. Naturally, there are obstacles that make listening, which is a general purpose in most learning situations, difficult, as it is more than merely hearing words. As G.Buck states, "listening is a complex process in which the listener takes the incoming data, an acoustic signal, and interprets it based on a wide variety of linguistic and non-linguistic knowledge", i.e. listening is the ability to identify and understand what others are saying /Buck, 2001: 10/. This involves understanding a speaker's accent or pronunciation, his grammar and his vocabulary, and grasping his meaning.
Communication is much more than just talking to one another; it is a means of connecting people. When we share information, there has to be mutual understanding between the participants. Although this happens on a day to day basis, it takes skill to become a good communicator and a good listener. Most people come into contact with others who have very different opinions and morals than our own. In order to understand others’ viewpoints and solve problems, we must know how to effectively communicate with our peers.
Unit 6: Written Assignment Interpersonal Skills Listening, “The act of mindfully hearing and attempting to comprehend the meaning of words spoken by another in a conversation or speech. Activity listening is an important business communication skill, and it can involve making sounds that indicate attentiveness, as well as the listener giving feedback in the form of a paraphrased rendition of what has been said by the other party for their confirmation.” (businessdictionary.com). An example of how it is useful is developing trust. Trust is a building block for every meaningful relationship. Listening actively to another person allows you to collect data, gather information, learn the directions, instructions and deadlines and to get to know your team members if you are involve in a group project.
Your ability to listen effectively depends on the degree to which you perceive and understand these messages.” ● Development: http://www.skillsyouneed.com/ips/listeningskills.html#ixzz42ScwRMnq ● Example of use: Listening the the requests of a client to ensure that all expectations are clear. Asking questions in response to listening to the requests of the client. Listening to the concerns and suggestions of other employees and making sure their opinions are recognized as
That’s because the interpersonal communication skill called listening requires constant mental energy and it easier to fake it. Technically, faking it involves using certain types of acknowledgement signals to give the sender the impression that we are paying attention when we are not. Plus there are actually different types of listening. For example, you can listen passively, actively, or emphatically. One can listen to memorize or critically listen as a means of logic checking.
And this is how you learn best—by listening. Those who don’t listen, never learn. To learn more about your husband or your wife, listen to that particular person. It’s a vital part of communication that tells you what your mate really feels and why. Another thing that makes communication effective is when you listen with empathy.
In teaching listening comprehension, we must be careful, do not give the difficult task in the beginning of lesson, give some theories without any application in teaching, or just following the conventional step like; opening the textbook and explaining new words, playing the tape recorder, and asking/answering questions. It is essential for a teacher to have an overall understanding of what listening is, why it is difficult for foreign-language learners, and what some solutions may be. Some teachers think that listening is the easiest skill to teach, whereas most students think it is the most difficult to improve. This contradiction tells us that there are some things about teaching listening that need to be explored. Perhaps those who say it is “the easiest to teach” mean that it does not require much painstaking lesson preparation and all they need to do is play the tapes and test the students’ comprehension.
Role of listening and speaking in the history of SLA. Previously, listening was viewed as a passive activity processing meaning and sound. But in recent models, it is shown as a more active process where message is not only received by the listener but “created in the interactional space between participants” in real time (Nation and Newton, 2009, p.39). The explicit treatment of listening in language learning has started after 1900s when spoken language became the definite source of foreign language learning replacing that of written mode (Rost, p.116). Later on with the emergence of communicative language teaching (CLT) in 1980s, listening and speaking have become an integral part of language learning as a means for communicative competence.
It takes an important part in our daily communication and It makes a significant contribution in second/foreign language learning. Nunan (1998) asserted that, “listening is the basic skill in language learning … in fact over 50% of the time that students spend functioning in a foreign language will be devoted to listening”,(Cited in Zare,Behjat & Abdollrahimzadeh ,2013 ).Consequently, in recent decades more notice has been on this skill and it has gained more L2/FL teachers and researchers' attention and. Since the significant role of listening in second language learning is confirmed (Olia & Nikou ,2016), language teachers should make more effort to improve their students’ listening comprehension to help them have more confidence and participation. According to Nunan (2002), learners
However, for writing, in order to get people’s attention, we need to write a lot of the same thing and it will consume our time and money. We also need to distribute those papers to the people in order to make sure that they read it. Therefore, speech clearly can help the speaker to gain attention and can share any information with many people at the same