Being ignorant can lead to oppression because smart people can use the ignorance against others. Animal Farm by George Orwell teaches a lesson in which animals that are kept from knowledge by the pigs. Since the animals were unable to understand most written materials, they believe that the pigs would help lead them to achieve an improved life. Animal Farm is an allegory of the Russian Revolution and of North Korea. In the Russian Revolution, the oppressed were the working class.
The satire present here is that the altering of the ten commandments effectively portray how the absurd the concept is. There is no way that animals could become, “more equal” than others. In the beginning of the novel, Old Major expressed that the animals shall overcome their oppressors, but the pigs become the oppressors. Through their chants and the ten commandments, the citizens are brainwashed to believe that everything is just and fair because when the commandments and chants were first written or said, everyone was in agreement, and believed it was fair. The pigs start to alter the propaganda, and the animals still believe that it is fair, when in reality it is not.
The small minded people follow blindly by their leaders because the people’s ignorance is easier for them to be told to do something rather than themselves to think of it on their own. For example, in the book the sheep made it easier for the pigs to take control over a large group of the farm animals. The pigs were able to easily change the commandments because the sheep were to ignorant to notice that the commandments drastically changed from what they had been before. This also reminds me of another one of James Orwell’s books, 1984, in that book the government changed the citizens vocabulary so they are socially and politically
In both of these texts written by Orwell, the language can be manipulated as an instrument of control. After Old Major dies the pigs take the meanings of his words toward the rebellion and twist them to fit their behavior and ensure that they’re better than the other animals on the farm. The abuse of language is shown when the pigs changed the seven commandments of animalism to benefit themselves. Some examples of the changed commandments are “No animal shall sleep in a bed with sheets. No animal shall drink alcohol to excess.
The first technique, satire, is displayed throughout the book. This makes the argument even more interesting. The satirical element is shown through the use of mockery towards the working class and the ruling class. One instance of mockery on the working class is conveyed when the most loyal and hard working animal, Boxer the horse, had collapsed and was immediately sent to the slaughterhouse. The animals had seen Boxer being sent to a van that clearly stated “Alfred Sims Slaughter house,” however, the pigs responded by telling the animals that Boxer was being sent to a surgeon, and that the surgeon had forgotten to paint the van once he had bought it.
In conclusion napoleon gained power through persuasion because he was saying the windmill was his idea even though it originally was snowballs. In summary Napoleon gained power through intimidation by boxer saying that “napoleon is always right.” He also gains power through persuasion by taking credit of the idea of the windmill. Napoleon only does what's best for the pigs because he is one too.
On the contrary, the story takes a turn as the pigs and dogs become inferior to the rest of the animals. In the beginning of the story, Napoleon states that Jones’s and Snowball’s leadership in unworthy. Yet Napoleon does the same things and worse. Likewise, Napoleon makes the other animals do all the work,
(ch.5 pg.47) It all clearly points to the fact that all animals (and humans) have different strengths and different jobs and that they are not equal. This is also the case because some of the animals capabilities elevated their status within their society. This inequality sometimes helped the farm by providing a firm government but often lead to harsh mistreatment of many of the animals. The only reason animals often listened to the leader was because he had ferocious dogs protected him and in certain cases he used that power to protect his own interests.
Napoleon mislead and misinformed the animals, under his power. The animals had their own opinions and beliefs but weren’t educated enough to propose them. The farm came to know that “some animals are more equal than others”(134), their last state was as bad as their first. Napoleon formed an alliance with the human enemy to establish his personal dictatorship, the ruling of the pigs became more and more indistinguishable from their human neighbors. “The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to tell which was which” (141) Orwell’s message again, is that history can repeat itself, we must be careful and prevent that from happening, or we could end up in same situation as before, like the animals