Bernhard Schlink’s novel The Reader, set in Germany in the post-World War II era, explores the social and cultural tensions between the Nazi and Post – Nazi generations in the aftermath of the Third Reich. Schlink uses literary techniques in The Reader to evoke the reader’s sympathy for flawed characters. Schlink does this through using motifs, symbolism, and foreshadowing to portray the protagonists flaw of inferiority and Hanna’s illiteracy. Characterisation and imagery are used to portray the character’s actions, and as a result, the reader’s perception of the characters change throughout the novel. Schlink uses tone, narration, and juxtaposition to convey to the reader the emotionless and monotonous way in which Michael narrates the story, …show more content…
Schlink uses characterisation at the beginning of the novel to convey to the reader that Michael is a fifteen-year-old boy, anxious to grow up, struggling with the conflict internally that is felt by the majority of young adults. Sometimes he feels incredibly confident, brilliant, charismatic and popular, however, sometimes feels “like an enormous failure who has no friends and is not at all pleasant to look at.” There is no in-between to these feelings. When Michael meets Hanna Schmidt, “he is immediately drawn to her, but does not understand why. Prior to meeting Hanna, he has had no intimate experiences but is attracted to her in a way he does not fully comprehend.” He is characterised to be the inferior in their relationship and is almost immediately both the leader and inferior, simultaneously throughout their relationship, as Michael does as Hanna asks, he reads, listens and obeys her every command. He is not just in love with Hanna, but obsessed with her and is quite cunning in the way he manages to create opportunities to see her without his parents ' knowledge. At first, putting his studies aside to spend time with her, he suddenly becomes the top student in his class when it seems that missing class will upset Hanna and consequently spending less time with her. Michael is extremely vulnerable in the …show more content…
Schlink’s narrative uses techniques to enhance the reader’s sympathy for flawed characters through using motifs and symbolism to show Hanna’s vulnerability of illiteracy, characterisation, and imagery to raise feelings of sympathy for Michael, as to how he was mistreated throughout the novel. Narration, tone and juxtaposition were also used to evoke feelings of sympathy for both Hannah and Michael after the tragedy of Hanna ending her own life. Although the narrative is constructed to only see the firsthand perspectives of the protagonists, this induces the reader’s empathy as it allows them to clearly see the thoughts and feelings of the characters. Schlink has used a variety of these literary techniques to appeal to the reader’s sympathy and allows the reader to understand the complexity and the way in which power and authority in certain situations can corrupt a
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Writer Markus Zusak’s number one best-selling book The Book Thief written in 2005 demonstrates a story about a young German girl living in Nazi Germany. Zusak’s purpose of the story is to describe life growing up in Germany during World War II. He uses a serious tone to describe his reader's rhetorical devices that can have a deeper meaning. This can be demonstrated through the use of Symbolism, Imagery, and even Liesel herself.
The Book Thief by Markus Zusak is an award-winning novel surrounding the main character Liesel, and her experience in Germany throughout World War II. As Liesel grows up as the novel progresses, she discovers various things about herself and her home of Nazi Germany. Throughout the novel, Zusak uses juxtaposition to emphasize the differences between sides. Zusak most clearly demonstrates his use of juxtaposition in the duality of Nazi Germany and how hate is not everywhere, and how the power of words can be used to either save or destroy. One example of juxtaposition in the novel is the duality of Nazi Germany.
She tries to navigate through her first year of high school, and it seems like the entire student body despises her; she feels more alone than ever. I will be analyzing and making connections to three specific elements in this novel: the search for one’s identity, Melinda’s inner conflict,
Furthermore, he felt very lonely because he lost his parents which changed his priorities, he was trying to find a companion. Also, Michael feels like he is treated differently than his biological parents. In the text it states, “Though he denied it, he did hate Esther. She was so different from his mother and father” (Rylant 2). This excerpt makes it evident that Michael was forgetting that Esther is a different person.
Our flag represents the new era, chant Hans and Herribert, our flag leads us to eternity.” (Doerr, 42) This passage provided a better image of how naive and brainwashed civilians of the Nazi regime became. The author provides a description which underlyingly emphasizes the historical aspect of the book; readers can infer the time period and location just from the greetings used and the manner of the citizens. Because the general traffic on streets today have a destination or purpose, I found it interesting that people seemed to casually inhabit
Laurie Halse Anderson uses literary elements such as imagery, symbolism, and conflict, in order to reveal the protagonist’s emotional growth throughout the the novel. In the novel, Anderson uses imagery to show Melinda’s mental state throughout the novel. For example, “I stumble from thorn bush to thornbush-my mother and father who hate each other, Rachel who hates me, a school that gags on me like I’m a hairball. And Heather” (Anderson 125).
Moreover, he sacrifices his freedom to return back to Waknuk to be with Rachel. Michael is determined to follow and help his friends as they escape, and he shows great heroism by being smart, brave, and selfless. Michael is a hero because he is smart and the most decisive person among the telepathic group. Firstly, in chapter 8, his parents are not satisfied with the education in Waknuk and they have decided to send him to a school in Kentak; there he learns new things that the rest of the group does not.
Hanna has what the narrator describes as the perfect life. Her parents are together, her house is friendly and her dad even visits their fifth-grade class. The two best friends were perfectly content with their life and no matter what they would not be separated nor turn against each other. “We were the girls with the wrong school supplies, and everything we did after that, even the things done just like everyone else, were the wrong things to do” (Horrock 473). Hanna and the narrator did not care whether they were doing the wrong thing socially, as long as they had each other.
This makes the themes of belonging and family even more prominent. Foreshadowing is used within these flashbacks, as the events that occur in these begin to mirror those happening to Taylor. Readers discover that Hannah has also struggled with belonging, as in chapter 14 Hannah (Narnie) speaks of how she doesn’t know what to do since Webb’s disappearance. This foreshadows Taylor’s journey, as losing those close to her resulted in her lack of self-belonging.
The power of words in “The Book Thief” and the endless strength they carry is a prime topic throughout the book. “The Book Thief”, a novel narrated by Death about Liesel, a young German girl who is given up for adoption to live with the Hubermann’s shortly before World War II. Liesel discovers the power that words, written or spoken, have to transform people, relationships, and lives. In the novel, Mark Zusak uses the relationship between characters to signify the power of words. Within “The Book Thief” the author suggests that words hold much power and have a major role in crafting the relationships between the characters.
Hannah was a very hard worker and by working night and day she became very good at playing the piano. Hannahs talent was shown in the story when it was said that “[she] was playing the music of Beethoven and Liszt with proficiency’’(1). Therefore all these statements show that Hannah was a very devoted ignorant and hard working girl at the start of the
Growing as a Character Every event in our lives happens for a reason, whether it is to learn from our mistakes or to gain experience from them. In Markus Zusak's novel “The Book Thief,” Liesel Meminger uses her experiences with living in the 1940s to learn life lessons and experience first hand the many terrible things Hitler is doing to people around her. She learns how to deal with the many obstacles that are thrown at her. Liesel grows as a character by following her step-father’s footsteps in being a kind and generous person, going through childhood with her best friend Rudy, and being aware of what is going on around her by learning from Max.
“It’s just a small story really, about, among other things: a girl, some words, an accordionist, some fanatical Germans, a Jewish fist fighter, and quite a lot of thievery…” (Zusak, pg. 5) The novel, The Book Thief written by Markus Zusak in 2005 explores the theme of family relationships. It is through nine-year-old Liesel Meminger, the protagonist, that the idea of a broken family during the era of Nazi Germany is explored. The Book Thief depicts the struggle of young German girl, Liesel Meminger, living in Germany during the time of Hitler’s reign.
Michael was unable to acquire the basic strength of competence because he was scolded by his father and not allowed to have a normal childhood. Assuming that Michael’s father had always been physically abusive to his children, the level of abuse probably increased around the latency stage for Michael when he would have first became a member of the Jackson 5 at six years old. The latency stage is critical for social relationships and interactions because this is the time when school begins and a child can be around peers of his/her own age. This is usually when self-esteem or self-confidence is developed through peer interaction, so failing this stage can result in a child having a difficult time making friends and building lasting relationships. For Michael, the punishment and ridicule that he received resulted in him feeling inferior and inadequate in his ability as a performer in his father’s
Change is an inevitable aspect of life; however the most significant changes occur when an individual develops a sought after skill or learns imperative information. In the novel The Book Thief the novel’s main protagonist Liesel Meminger encounters numerous moments which help define her characterization as she grows as a character. Firstly one of Liesel’s most poignant moments occurs once she pieces together her vague past and during the same process discovers her reason for loathing Hitler. When Liesel heard the word communist being mentioned in a negative connotation at the book burning, she became stricken with fear as this word was all she knew of her past life. Liesel’s desire for answers on her Mother’s disappearance leads to her asking Hans if Hitler was one