The breathtaking Metopes featuring the epic battles of the gods, the Frieze a detailed sculpture displaying a procession of Greeks, and was built to house the magnificent statue of Athena adorned in gold. The Parthenon was built was that the leader at the time, Pericles. Pericles wanted to show the power and wealth of Athens. In
The Parthenon on the Acropolis of Greece first began constructions in 447 BCE — a temple of Doric order with Ionic features made in dedication to Greek goddess of war, Athena. Under the influence of Pericles and the assistance of over hundreds of people, the temple was completed in 432 BCE. With an appearance similar to that of a sculpture, dimensions akin to that of the Golden Ratio, and harmonious values in its shape — it was no wonder that the Parthenon embodied many 5th century Athenian values; to achieve arete, also known as perfection. It was known that the Greeks were obsessed with the concept of the Golden Ratio, also widely known as phi, and it was no surprise that the Parthenon followed said concept, due to Phidias, a Greek sculptor,
While on the beach near the Trojan horse, Sinon begins to tell his story of how he arrived on the beach. After pausing Sinon says, “Then take your overdue vengeance at once: / for this is what the Ithacan would wish; / the sons of Atreus-they would pay for this” (II, 147-149). When Sinon stops telling the story and tells them to take their vengeance, he creates a logical plan for the Trojan’s to carry out. After Sinon tells the Trojan’s that the Greek’s picked him to be sacrificed he breaks his oath to his country. Quickly, Sinon states, “it now is right for me to break the holy / oath of my loyalty and right for me / to hate the Greeks, to bring all things to light, / whatever they conceal” (II, 220-223).
This value, Xenia was very important to the ancient Greeks in The Odyssey, this is displayed in many ways one being when Odysseus stayed with the Phaeacians, also when Aeolus gives Odysseus supplies, and another when he kills all the suitors for improper Xenia. To start with, the Xenia showed to Odysseus by the phaeacians granted odysseus a passage back to his native land. The phaeacians help him/display xenia by granting him a passage home that he's wanted for 20 years. “And on the way no pain or hardship suffered, not till he sets foot on native ground again.” This quote shows that the phaeacians will do anything to get our hero Odysseus back to his native land, for he
Interestingly, the Parthenon is a temple to the goddess Athena, but it glorifies the Greeks more than it does the goddess. As a reflection of the Greek culture, the frieze has carvings of people in a procession on it. In a temple, this is the place where gods would normally be displayed. Many believe that this is a large statement about the Athenians, that they would put mortals in the place of gods. (Parthenon, n.d.).
Before Osiris is from the New Kingdom, which a famous scene (chapter 125) from the book of the dead, that is a painted papyrus, a material prepared in ancient Egypt from the stem of a water plant, it was used in sheets for writing or painting, also used for making rope, boats, and sandals. The painted papyrus was found in the tomb of the scribe Hunefer and it dates to about 1285 BC. The scene reads from left to right and the papyrus is possibly around 45 centimeters in height and 90 centimeters in length, which is around 17 inches tall and 35 inches in length. The Ancient Egyptian piece was created to represent the process of judgement that results in your status in the afterlife; if your heart is not lighter than the feather of Ma’at then it will devour by the beast Ammit, should you be
On February 15th of 1493, Christopher Columbus wrote a letter to King Ferdinand of Spain to describe the outcome of his voyage. In this letter, Christopher Columbus states “…you will learn how in thirty-three days I passed from the Canary Islands to the Indies, with the fleet which the most illustrious King and Queen, our Sovereigns, gave to me.” (Stearns). On this voyage, Christopher Columbus takes possession of 5 islands for Spain, which he claimed no trouble was presented while taking over these territories. The Indians inhabited this land, but once Christopher Columbus and his men arrived, the Indians shared all that they possessed with the foreigners. The Indians, according to Christopher Columbus “…they all believe that power and good are in the heavens and were very firmly convinced that I, with these ships and men, came from the heavens, and in this belief they everywhere received me after they had mastered their fear.” (Stearns).
The controversy around the Marbles revolves around the broad permission Lord Elgin was given from the Ottoman government. However, although the Ottomans were in control of Greece at the time, I believe they should not have had the authority to hand over Greek heritage, as Greek heritage belongs to the Greeks, not the Ottomans. Lord Elgin motives have also been called into question. Was he selfishly collecting the Marbles, or trying to save them from destruction? Because of his willingness to sell them to pay of his debt, it is more likely that his motives were, in fact,
Pericles was the mentor of this particular building project and the great magnificent statue of Athena was built with marble and gold by Phedias. Becoming one of the most important symbols of Athena is the Parthenon building which not only function as a religious temple in honor of Athena but also as a symbol of cultural wealth and designed to honor democracy (the people voted in favor of the construction). Hadingham (2008) states that “Several scholars have argued that the frieze shows a procession related to the quadrennial great Panathenaia or the festival “of all the Athenians” By incorporating this scene of civic celebration. The Parthenon served not merely as an imperial propaganda statement
The Parthenon in Athens is great example of Ancient Greece's Doric style, while the Pantheon in Rome, is a great example of the Romans Corinthian style. In terms of materials, Greeks used lintel, granite, and marble to construct its temples while the Romans constructed their architecture with brick and concrete. In terms of construction,