Literary Consciousness In English Literature

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Preface i

Literary Consciousness: A Dialectical and Historical Introduction 1

Nature and Environment: 11
Poetic Imprints of Shifting Perspectives

Matthew Arnold: 23
The Voice and the Victim of Bourgeois Culture

The Dialectics of Interpretation: 35
Aspects of Linguistic and Semantic Convergences

Barthes and Bakhtin: 47
Monologic and Dialogic Searches for Meaning

The Reader and the Sahrudaya 61

The Political Philosophy of Translation 71

Select Bibliography 85


For my B.A. (English Literature) degree course, I remember, the Social and Literary History of England was a subsidiary paper. G. M. Trevelyan’s book on the subject was one of the reference books. But the class room transaction did not go beyond references to social issues in the works of major authors. Only when I began to study Marxism, I could properly account for its function and relevance in literature. My serious introduction to Marxian Aesthetics took place outside the academia. I happened to attend a school on Marxism, organized by a collective of left-oriented associations of college teachers, in 1979, at Alwaye, where late P. Govinda Pillai spoke about Raymond Williams and the Frankfurt School philosophers. Aesthetically, he fortified my understanding of dialectical and historical materialism the basics of which I had already gathered from the works of E.M.S.Namboodiripadu, the first Marxist Chief Minister of Kerala, and Dr.M.P.
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