Many of its qualities are symbolic in a way that only the woman can relate to because of the situation she is in. One of the room’s features with symbolic value are the bars on the windows. They portray the woman’s entrapment, because of her husband’s limitations on her freedom. The wallpaper in the room has a
In “The Yellow Wallpaper”, Charlotte Gilman critiques the restrictive nature of patriarchal society through the bars in the female narrator’s bedroom window that represent her relationship with her husband. As the narrator’s mental health deteriorates near the end of the story, she recognizes that the bars on her window physically confine her to her room. She states that “To jump out of the window would be admirable exercise, but the bars are too strong even to try” (Gilman 1694). Thus, Gilman clearly reveals to the reader that the narrator desires freedom but is kept in her room by the bars on her window. These bars directly relate to the narrator’s relationship with her husband, John.
While the narrator was sitting in her room she states, “Sometimes I think there are a great many women behind, and sometimes only one, and she crawls around fast, and her crawling shakes it all over” (Gilman). Strictly speaking, the narrators intellectual lack of activity caused her to see a woman trapped within the wallpaper. The point of view within the short story gives us a better view on what the narrator had to go through. “Years later, Gilman claimed the story reflected her own experience under the care of Philadelphia neurologist, S. Weir Mitchell, in 1887, and that the story’s purpose was to spare others from such treatment” (Bittel). Therefore, using the first person point of view in present tense shows the deep emotional and mental state of her life.
Firstly, the story is a journal that the narrator is writing while being treated with the rest cure, which she keeps a secret from her husband, sister and others who come to visit her. As the journal progresses, the narrator’s writing demonstrates her fall to insanity. In the beginning, the narrator sees her journal is an adequate method of escape from her illness and her situation. As the narrator’s mind grows more and more crazed, she develops an urge to physically escape from the room that she is isolated in, which occurs at the end of the story. The narrator’s journaling was simply a small step that contributed to her ultimate freedom.
Charlotte Perkins Gilman was a highly respected feminist of her era. Her semi-autobiographical “The Yellow Wallpaper” was an inspiring and a notable short story in the eyes of the feminists in the early 1890s. Her work toward representing woman’s health, both physically as mentally, became transcendent. She challenges how the men can oppress woman, even if not intentionally, by determining the best course of treatment without taking into consideration the woman’s point of view. It’s remarkable how these patterns happened through the centuries and is still occurring in some places.
Using the word “they” implies that where there was once one woman, there are now many. It’s as if in this new mind she is able to see the world differently and reveal the others like the woman in the paper. Clearly she is no longer herself. Now, in the mind of her hallucination, she begins to worry if “she shall have to get back behind the pattern when it comes night,” this ties back to her observation that the woman creeps about during the day but is trapped behind the bars again during the night (Gilman 188). Now that the wallpaper has been removed she has escaped and the narrator is free to retreat into the hallucination’s
“The Yellow Wallpaper” Literary Analysis The “Yellow Wallpaper” is a iconic short story written by Charlotte Perkins, a famous feminist author. The novel takes place the 19th century and deals with the issue of how women dealt with mental health issues, specifically postpartum depression. Back in the 19th century the way physicians dealt with women 's mental health was much different then it is today, back then they believed that the cure for depression was solvable by isolation and rest. As a result many women suffering from postpartum depression were forced into isolation which only made their situation worse. Jane; the narrator of the short story, is one of these woman forced into the rest treatment by her physician husband.
She comes to the conclusion that: “I didn 't realize for a long time what the thing was that showed behind, that dim sub-pattern, but now I am quite sure it is a woman” (346). This observation also serves as the narrator recognizing the paper’s, or boundary’s, relevance to herself; she sees a “woman”--a reflection of herself--trapped behind the paper, confined by that thin line that separates herself from total insanity. Her behavior becomes obsessive: she keeps a constant vigil of the wallpaper at night, and claims that the woman behind the wallpaper “is all the time trying to climb through” (348). And the narrator aids her escape--as soon as she is given the opportunity: “I shook and she pulled, and before morning we had peeled off yards of that paper” (349). The destruction of the wallpaper is symbolic of her fully delving into the world of insanity.
In act two we learn that elizabeth has been acussed and they come to take her to prison. “When the children wake, speak nothing of witchcraft- It will frighten them” (Page 501) she says trying to hold herself together knowing that her children will worry. During this scene you can tell that she is very frightened, she knows that nothing good will come out of going with Hale. “(With great fear) I will fear nothing” you can imagine her struggling to stay strong but somehow she is able to keep herself together. The Author, Miller, did a good job of showing that Elizabeth is a very liked character, while Abigail is
The inspiring story of Nora Helmer in the play A Doll’s House uncovers the strict roles of women in society and explains how those stereotypes should be broken. Throughout the story multiple themes are present. In the late 1870s the roles of women in society were very strict and Ibsen made that one of the main themes in the play. In the beginning of the play Nora talks with an old friend. As the two catch up Nora says, “...a time will come when Torvald is not as devoted to me, not quite so happy when I dance for him, and dress for him, and play with him” (Ibsen, Act One).