It is still initially based on his own experiences, but he brings up a problem that plagues most students: a constant fear of intellectual inadequacy. Personally, this is a fear that kept me silent during my first years as an English major. I felt that I had ideas, but the ability to intellectually convey them. Graff claims that literary theory can help a student gain confidence by exposing them to the style of discourse they need to contribute to a scholarly conversation. As a person who likes structure, I agree that reading criticism can help one frame his or her own writing.
The conditions modernism imposed on British culture and society at the turn of the 20th century spurred a literary response to the evolving world writers found themselves. As poets reacted differently to the changing world around them, the form and content of poetry produced by modernist writers varied. For example, high modernists engaged with social questions produced by modernity in a philosophical way, while offering the reader cognizant interpretations of the world around them. This is precisely what high modernist author T.S. Eliot does with his 1911 poem “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock”.
The topic for this study cuts across more than one substantive literary and philosophical aspect in the review of literature. However, its framework is premised on a strong thematic organization based on the literary, cultural and philosophical impact of postmodernism on both of deconstruction and absurdism from 1950s to present. Major theorists of postmodernism, Jean-Francois Lyotard, Fredric Jameson and Jean Baudrillard asserts that one of the most productive readings of postmodern practices that produce a clear reading of deconstruction and absurdism is to examine oppositional thinking in terms of differ / defer syndrome and the idea of language games. A review of literature and philosophy shows that postmodernism have played a critical
He detested the emotional and spectacle orientated conventions of traditional theatre and sought to use alienation techniques(A-effect/ theory of Verfremdungseffekt(V-effect)) to make social commentary and change the world. He was greatly influenced by the ancients, Eastern(traditional oriental) drama, and mostly, German expressionism and Marxism. In Germany, Brecht witnessed his country adopt inhumane ideas due to the Nazi’s emotional exploitation of the public, leading him to believe that emotional manipulation of any sort led to acts of inhumanity. His works, however, did not gain recognition until the mid-20th century as he was exiled from Germany during the Nazi reign. His most famous pieces are Mother Courage and her Children, The Good Woman of Setzwan, and The Life of
Though Gilson studied the Thomistic tradition at length, he did not see himself as a neo-scholastic. This is more than evident in this book, where Gilson talks about methodical realism, which emphasizes the primacy of reality over conceptual. This position is in direct contrast with the idealist position which held that reality as we know it is a mental construction. The main argument of the book is based on the Gilson’s comparison of Thomistic metaphysics and epistemology with the idealist positions of Descartes and Kant. This book is divided into five chapters dealing with different aspects of the nature of realism and its method.
It is clearly apparent that the sociological approach is the most appropriate critical approach when examining The Road. First, the approach is used to determine the values being presented; Secondly, the approach is presented when researching the social environments within a literary work; Finally, The approach gives insight to a relationship between the society, its values, conflicts, and the literary characters. Determining the values being presented within a literary work is important. The sociological approach helps to determine the values being presented in the novel,The Road. Values in a society include culture, religion, meaning, etc.
The 'existentialist theatre ' somehow differs from the ‘Theatre of the Absurd’ in the sense that the existentialist theatre expresses the irrationality and the incomprehensibility of the human existence in a comprehensible and logically constructed form, whereas the ‘Theatre of the Absurd abandons’ the traditional dramatic conventions and strive to invent a new form for expression of the new content. Therefore, in an Absurdist play, irrationality and incomprehensibility are reflected even in its form. Samuel Beckett’s Waiting for Godot can aptly be called best depiction of Theatre of the absurd. Sartrean philosophy assume that the search for a rational order in human life is a futile desire. In Waiting for Godot, Estragon and Vladimir try to create order to some extent in their lives by waiting for Godot who never comes or perhaps doesn 't have any existence.
The Meaning in the Seemingly Meaningless To understand the ‘Theatre of the absurd’ one must place it in context and see why it came about. The world by then had seen two world wars and the outcome of that can be seen in the various schools of thought that had emerged such as existentialism, postmodernism, post-structuralismetc, many of whichwere heavily influenced by Nietzche, Darwin and others. Tectonic shifts in attitude could be seen when everything was questioned and the meaning of existence was the question of the hour.One such school that is allied with this movement in theatre is existentialism. Existentialism is a school of thought that emphasises the individual’s choice, freedom and existence. One of
Personal code: gbn188 Solo Project The theorist, the theory, and the contexts I have decided to study Antonin Artaud. I am drawn to him because I’m very interested in the psychological aspect of theater, and eliciting a response from the audience. The plays that I’ve done in the past were mostly realistic and didn’t provoke a large emotion from the audience other than happiness. The Theater of Cruelty is meant to disgust and terrify the audience, which is completely new to me. Knowing the theorist will enable me to understand the theory better.
Samuel Beckett explored existential and philosophical ideas in his work, in Godot existentialism is present since it explains the complete existence of Vladimir and Estragon. The seemingly absurd and comical conversations between the two can be perceived as an existential metaphor, their inveterate lives are an existential inspection of waiting and meaning. The dialogues between Vladimir and Estragon in the play are often governed by existential concerns, such as why they are there, whether or not they should commit suicide, and whether or not it would be better to continue further alone or to go around as part of the pair. However Dubois has stated that; “as soon as any of these meaningful discussions starts to come close to giving an account of their existential dilemma, they turn to various avoidance strategies, such as slapstick, or engage in speculation over trivia.” (124). Bennett stated in his critical essay that “waiting brings up the existential theme