Is there a standard of literary canon? “Studying how literature is created and testing claims for its place in the canon makes us better readers, more aware of the poets ' choices and the strategies guiding them” (Faculty.goucher.edu, 2016). The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorn is a canon piece which we will analysed the reasons that make it a canonical. The standard of literary canon works is re-established with every new
Literature in its broadest sense is any written work. It attempts to provide entertainment, enlightenment, or instruction to the reader. Literature has always been a tool for the development of human society in all its means and also to know the history of human traditions, cultures and the writings which had played a pivotal role in the upliftment of the society. Through a literary text we can have a glance of the past happenings in the society, its transformations which had framed up the present society. Literature is of several types but Drama, Poetry, Short Story and Novel/Fiction occupies the major section of Literature.
The Meaning of Literature Since time immemorial, people have been communicating ideas. Literature allows us to visit the highest and lowest conditions in human society. It allows us to travel and visit far-flung locations without leaving the safety of our abode. According to the Cambridge Dictionary, literature means writings in prose or verse; especially: writings having the excellence of form or expression and expressing ideas of permanent or universal interest. (Literature (n.d.) In Merriam-Webster dictionary online.)
While an outright rejection of the ability of literature to identify universal human desires and unite us according to these desires would be difficult to uphold, literature also has the potential to draw our attention to deep-seated differences and divisions that make claims of universality problematic. In a sense, even readers of a work of literature who have different and even clashing views of that work can be brought together into a kind of community to discuss and attempt to resolve the divisions and different viewpoints that a work of literature bring to light. For instance, literature that has evoked debates about censorship draw attention to significant differences between readers, as some argue that censoring a book is a violation of the fundamental right of free speech, while others assert that language that is hurtful and offensive to some should not be published or read by students in school. Mark Twain’s novel "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" is a pertinent example of an instance where censorship has divided readers because of its use of racial slurs. Differing positions on whether or not the book itself is racist because of its use of racial slurs or if it uses this language to draw attention to the racism of the time has long divided readers, indicating that while there may be a common desire for readers to feel a sense of belonging and community in the
It is rare that you find a novel or a piece of fiction that is completely unaffected by the author’s world-view. Actually, none that fit that description come to mind when it comes to the influence of world-view and philosophy in a novel. However, it takes a considerable amount of time to see the comparisons between stories from any literary movement. The Naturalism and Realism literary movements are no exception, and the stories that define this movement have extremely similar themes and literary devices, including Ethan Frome by Edith Wharton, “The Death of a Hired Hand,” by Robert Frost, and “Home Burial,” also by Robert Frost. Authors from this time period use similar themes and literary devices, all due to the fact that they have the same philosophy and worldview.
1. Introduction to general literature : Literature is a cluster of verbal works, written, or oral, interrelated by subject-matter, by language or place of origin, or by prevailing cultural values. According to Boris Pasternak, ‘Literature is the art of discovering something extraordinary about ordinary people, and saying with ordinary words something extraordinary.’ Even in ancient times, scholars, critics and teachers of the literature have recognized that narrative – story telling which forms a necessary aspect of the novel began in every corner of the world at a very early point in the development of civilization. (Columbia history of American novel) 2. Introduction to American literature American literature, the body of written works
During its early history, America was a series of British colonies on the eastern coast of the present-day United States. Therefore, its literary tradition begins as linked to the broader tradition of English literature. However, unique American characteristics and the breadth of its production usually now cause it to be considered a separate path and tradition. American literature beginning with Puritans and going through the modern day, contains an array of different writers, styles, viewpoints, and inspiration. With a history like that of the United States, what else could you expect?
Chapter-I INTRODUCTION: AMERICAN NOVEL INTRODUCTION The precise definition of the novel is difficult and to define it as a long narrative of prose fiction will not be satisfactory. Terry Eagleton asserts that there is no exact definition of the novel as a genre as he contends, “Not all novels are written in prose. There are novels in verse like Pushkin’s Eugene Onegin or Vikram Seth’s The Golden Gate.” Meanwhile the novel cannot be recognized by the number of its pages that according to some views may grant it a reasonable length to differentiate it from the short story or any other prose writings in which Eagleton adds that “Andre Gide’s The Immoralist described as a novel and Anton Chekhov’s The Duel as a short story, but they are both about the same length” (Eagleton, 2005, p.1). Thus, the novel is a genre that resists exact definition and It should be noted also that the deep investigation of the roots of the novel will be confused as it will