His book is filled with references to operas, paintings and novels from the time of the Romantic Revolution. The word “revolution” is usually associated with the likes of the French Revolution or the American Revolution, but Blanning, in his book deals with a different, less dramatic revolution; a revolution of the mind. The romantic revolution is not easy to describe, Hegel comes the closest as he describes the period as one of “absolute inwardness”. [ Tim Blanning, The romantic revolution, (London, 2010) ] The book is divided into two main ideas both relating to romanticism. The idea of Romanticism as a revolution and as Hegel’s “absolute inwardness”.
Friendship cannot survive if one person makes all the effort to sustain it without any mutual recognition from others. Both positive and negative experiences purify the personality of the individual. Thus it is essential that you find friends who are compatible with you on an emotional and psychological basis. Sir Francis Bacon and his essay Of friendship: Francis bacon was a famous English essayist, lawyer, philosopher and statesman who had a major influence on the philosophy of science. He was born in London in 1561 and died in 1626. retiring to gorhambury , he devoted himself to writing and scientific work.
The literature of America has undergone radical change since it’s beginnings with the puritan tradition. This rapid development has essentially been driven by a “desire” for a new literary “expression of American identity” and “artistic independence” from Europe, which was the center of world power and culture in the nineteenth century . In 1837, Emerson demanded that an end be put to America’s dependence on and “long apprenticeship to the learning of other lands” and encouraged his contemporaries to think with their own minds . In order to truly understand the spirit of a nation, one must look to its artists writers and philosopher, especially those of reputation and influence within the nation itself . The works of Walt Whitman and Louisa May Alcott were heavily influenced by the changing atmosphere of the nineteenth century with its new emphasis on self and society .
The writers made a distinctive between the classics and moderns. The goal of creating modern art was a major concern until the end of the nineteenth century. The new emerging culture would undermine tradition and authority in the hopes of transforming a contemporary society. Modernism was closely related to the idea of the Avant-Garde. It’s a term applied to the artists who are engaged in introducing original and experimental ideas, playing with the forms and techniques to lead its significance in the society and gradually become widely accepted.
Romanticism refers to various movements in language, art, and literature that originated in the late 18th Century, emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity and the primacy of the individual. It does not refer to the usual relations of romantics that involve suggestion of romance and love feeling. The artistic and intellectual movement spread across Western Europe countries while the attitude towards the movement differed from one country to another. Romanticism was adopted by the 18th Century poets such as William Blake and William Wordsworth. (Barth 19, 21) Romanticism era was dated between 1750 to 1850, an era that saw the political revolutions in France and the United States.
In the circumstances of the destructiveness of both Enlightenment and Romanticism Worldview as they reach to the extremes, a balanced worldview between them, which seeks the truth with reason and strives to live life with moderate humanity, should become the right way for human beings to know the world. Dehumanization became an issue during the Enlightenment time ever since the industrial
However, while Emily Dickinson is credited with a certain amount of poetic innovation in the nineteenth century her influence was less direct than Whitman (Pöhlmann). Whitman took a more intellectual journey in his departure from a more classical poetical style Compared to Dickinson. He rejected the notion of using stereotypical language as well as the limitations poetic metre placed on poets (Rehman), preferring to use the vocabulary of Americans at the time over the more refined vernacular of a more elite class. This had the effect of bringing poetry closer to a more realism poetical style as well as making poetry easier to comprehend by American readers. This gave Whitman something Dickinson did not really have while she was alive, an audience.
2. The English Novel 1945-1990 The history of the post-war novel in English, and also that of drama and poetry, cannot be understood without reference to the coexistence in the first half of the twentieth century of Modernism and the more traditional approaches to literature inherited from the Victorian period. The Modernist writers reacted against realism in fiction and the remains of Romantic sentimentalism in poetry by introducing technical innovations that could be used to look at reality from the point of view of the irrational, the subconscious, the anti-sentimental, or the highly individualistic. In drama, the revolution followed other lines, with G. B. Shaw 's introduction to the English stage of the naturalistic drama developed by
The disparities between the two artistic periods occurred by the specific components of literature such as poetry and the narratives (“Difference Between Romantic and Victorian Poetry.” ). In poetry, the mode of expression was a central difference. For instance, the romantic era produced poetry that is inclined to the emotional and idealistic styles that also incorporated the aspects of romance. Conversely, the Victorian era had a more realistic content in poetry because of their profound knowledge of the universe that emerged from the spread of scientific knowledge and skills in the industrial revolution. Furthermore, the factors that influenced the particular characteristics of the differed significantly.