The important effect of the book The Empire Writes Back has been the recognition of the role of literary creativity in the former colonies. As theorists, they might be slow to acknowledge the role of specific literary works such as V.S. Naipaul’s The Mimic Men (1967) and Samuel Selvon’s immigrant novels The Lonely Londoners, Moses Ascending and Moses Migrating. They do provide some account of discussion of the various ‘models’ of post-colonial theory. The remarkable upsurge of writings in countries involved in the decolonization process and the theme of resistance since the Second World War, from third world countries has led readers worldwide to see that their own communities could produce writings of great power and relevance, if in the language of the former colonizers.
The researcher also needs supporting data to analyze the novel therefore; the researcher uses previous researches and books related to the thesis. The researcher has to read about deconstruction and absurdism as philosophical and literary approaches, which depends on postmodernism in order to analyze the novel. There are some available books in the culture of these theories such as Deconstruction as narrative interruption by James Gilbert Walsh, The absurd in Literature by Neil Cornwell, Double Reading: Postmodernism after Deconstruction by Jeffrey T. Nealon, and Postmodern Literature by Ian Gregson. As Kafka is interested in writing about absurdity of existentialism, books like Kafka and his Precursors by Jorge Luis Borges, and Kafka's Jewish Language: The Hidden Openness of Tradition by David Suchoff, and Kafka: A Guide for the Perplexed by Clayton Koelb are helpful. The sources related to Franz Kafka are variable because most of critics see that Kafka is a postmodern writer who tries to bring out all what related to the social and political conflict as well as stating the idea of free play inside the language from a postmodern perspective.
Some journalists are fed up with the way their profession is going. This is partially why the “long-form journalism” system was created. This idea manages to mix and connect literary storytelling techniques and journalistic report methods. The idea is to take the best of the two world, and present the reader with a new format, free from the “direct journalism” the media world is working with nowadays. However, the mooks (magazine – book) do not only use text as a media.
Postmodernist typology of literature which swept across various genres of creative writing¬¬¬¬---fiction, poetry, drama, criticism, etc produced a kind of fracture, a decreative application of deterministic thought, as a role-playing matrix in diverse literature. In this context, the instance of the novel written in the United States during the 1970’s, the ‘80’s and the‘90’s becomes quite pertinent. This paper attempts to take an analytical look upon the very well known and widely read work of postmodernist American fiction: Jerzy Kosinski’s Pinball (1982). As a repertoire of ideas and a constellation of values, postmodern determinism filters across every page of Jerzy Kosinskis pinball in a more striking and distruptionist manner. The “politics of parody, text/ image border tension” (Linda 1993), crystallizes into a decentering, modeling, contextualizing and historicizing determinism a as shaping force in the sensibility of the writer, be it any American writer particularly
Literary devices play a crucial role in enhancing the novel’s main themes and earning Things Fall Apart its widespread acceptance as a quality piece of literature. The clash of cultures is undoubtedly one of the most universal themes seen in literature. This cultural clash can be seen throughout life and history
by Derek Attridge (New York: Routledge, 1992), p.47. For deconstructive thinkers such as Jacques Derrida, Gilles Deleuze, and Emmanuel Levinas, deconstruction can be seen as the act of questioning and looking at limits and borders, but according to Spivak, who has given a general explanation of deconstruction, the violation of borders which characterizes the main feature of deconstruction brings the self or the text into a relationship with what can be named radical alterity or otherness. Franz Kafka is one of the iconic, most prominent and influential novelists and short story writers of the early 20th century as he seems to be accessible to any critical and philosophical methodology one might care to apply. In fact, Kafka appears to be the ideal model for literary criticism. The debate on the possibility and validity of any interpretation of his novel The Trial is endless.
In the book Heart of Darkness, the author Joseph Conrad explores the age of imperialism through his own mentality and personal experiences. through the use of the literary analysis technique New Historicism readers can analyze Conrad’s story by looking into the author himself, the time period the book was written in, and social movements during the time. Because of this, readers can draw conclusions to the meaning of this novella in an elaborate and enriching manner. Heart of Darkness dives into a deeper meaning than what a typical European story of Imperialism would, giving readers a sense of Conrad 's own dark heart: the same dark heart and mind that aids in his portrayal of his characters, the storyline and the tone the book gives off. Heart of Darkness, published in 1899, was written around a time where multiple world movements impacted authors and their writing style.
Looking at the techniques used by the media one may understand how this statement is given substance. Wolfsfeld et al (2008:402) mentions that the news media employ a number of techniques that enable the organisation of the public during conflict. The first technique that can be identified is in the notion that news media leans towards to be culturally ethnocentric (Wolfsfeld et al 2008:402). Wolfsfeld et al (2008:402) explains that this means society views the world and other cultures through the perspective of “one’s own ethnic group” and goes further in insinuating that these cultures reject others who are culturally
Indeed , modernist works attempted to rebel against the corrupted modern world, shake the sensibilities of the reader, and depart from traditional literary styles. As such, modernist literature embodies the experimentation with new literary styles and psychological themes. In literature, the
Postmodernism in Urdu Fiction Post Modernism and Modernism: a host-parasite relationship Modernism and Post Modernism have been the two dominant theories in the last fifty odd years and much of the creative writings in all literature have been analyzed and reviewed against the parameters of the two said literary theories. Modernism though surrendered the initiative under the onslaught unleashed by the votaries of Post Modernism and the eponymous character of the critics in the recent past. Today in retrospect it might be deemed an exercise in construction to take into account some of the novels and short stories written in Urdu literature and determine their relevance in terms of the theories of the day. Modernism breathed its last in the last half of the 20th century after serious deliberations on the mundane and existential nature of human drama with alienation being its hymn. Altaf Hussain Hali , Sir Syed Ahmad Khan and ShibliNomani, the exponents of Modernism in Urdu literature though the benchmark of their time are relegated to the background in the context of the time much the same way as