For example, students may learn techniques for determining important information, making inferences, asking questions, and summarizing. They could apply these strategies to multiple content areas such as English, science, history, and/or math. Discipline Literacy, however, supports students in moving beyond the general reading strategies as they develop specialized practices for making sense of discipline-based texts. Disciplinary Literary is much more in-depth in nature. It includes understanding how information is presented in each discipline, the organization of important information, specialized vocabulary, and the interpretation and evaluation of evidence.
There are characteristics identified by Richard and Rogers (1986:71) “The primary function of language is for the interaction and communication function of language. The structure of language reflects its functional and communicative uses. The primary units of language are not merely its grammatical and structural features, but categories of functional and communicative meaning as exemplified in discourse.” The Communicative Language Theory means that teaching has to be student-centered. This suits the CAPS document because (2011: 8) “Learning to use language effectively enables learners to acquire knowledge, to express their identity, feelings and ideas, to interact with others, and to manage their world. It also provides learners with a rich, powerful and deeply rooted set of images and ideas that can be used to make their world other than it is; better and clearer than it is.
The History of the English Language is a theoretical-practical course designed to provide an overview of the history of the English language and describe the various changes it experienced in the different stages of its development. Among the topics covered in the course we have the origins and development of English, internal and external historical background, families of languages, English as lingua franca, the influences of other languages into English, Jargons and Slangs, characterization of actual English and many other topics related to the history of the language. The content of this course can be highly interesting, especially for a foreign language learner, and the course book is easy to read, which makes the History of the English Language course
Reading has become a primary vehicle for target language input (Han & Anderson, 2009). The reading-based materials such as literary pieces and other prints that captivate students’ interests are engaging students in authentic activities. Prints help students reread and refer back to solve their problems (Dubbin and Bycina, 1991). There are several advantages using this type of materials to learn various language skills for it provides students with content that can make the lesson fun. It encourages a higher level of thinking compared to the basal level of instruction for students, predicts events and reacts to characters in stories.
Communicative goals are the goals of learners’ studying English language. So grammar teaching is necessary to achieve the goals. 2.1 Grammar teaching is essential According to the dictionary definition, there are at least two senses of the word grammar, study or science of, rules for, the combination words
Human beings can share their ideas and thoughts with each other by the use of language. Language includes the systems of human communication which consists of the structured arrangement of sounds into larger units such as morphemes, words, sentences, utterances (Richards & Schmidt, 2010). The process of communication by the use of English is primarily based on the main skills of a language (i.e. speaking, listening, reading and writing). In this process, teachers and learners are the most important participants which their roles should be taken into consideration by Teaching English as Foreign/Second Language (TEFL/TESL) researchers.
Hence, the process of learning English language as second language among Malaysians is vital. This is where the education takes place in order to improve the English skills among citizen nowadays. Initiatives have been made by government in order to make the enhancement of English language.
The book discusses the cultural identity of one word, and goes on to discuss the translatability of English phrases and metaphors. The author discusses English lexicon as it has developed on sports websites, in tourism and in law. The author also discusses English lexicon from the perspective of English language teaching. This book is credible because it is authored by Facchinetti, Roberta. She is a full professor of English language and Linguistics at the University of Verona.
According to Long, Ming and Chen (2013), learners’ motivation plays a crucial part in learning English. Likewise, Gardner (1985) also pointed out that motivation in language learning is particular importance, which has a direct effect on language achievement. To achieve using English fluently, student must find out their motivation, which is one of the most important factors that impulse to learn English. In this paper, I wish to discover which motivational factors that had a great role in learning English language and which extend motivation affect students in learning English. I also want to learn about what teachers can do to enhancing learners’ motivation in acquiring English.
In the Era of globalization and Information Technology, it is essential to introduce the use of modern technology in the field of education. Especially in English language teaching process, we can use various devices to facilitate teaching. Since language is one of the means of communication, it plays vital role in communication. Language learning is the primary instinct of every human being which helps in the process of development and socialization of an individual. So it has widal significance at the disciplinary level.