While not all strains lead to delinquent behavior, strains that develop due to the perception that something is unjust frequently lead to crime. Therefore perceived injustices that occur at school increase the chances of a student engaging in delinquent acts, including school violence (Agnew, 2006).
The School-to-Prison Pipeline: A Primer for Social Workers, a study by Susan McCarter (2017), was written to give a summary of the School-to-prison pipeline in an attempt to break down the factors surrounding children being funneled into this path by their respective school systems around the country. The author explains the correlation between the School-to-prison pipeline and its disparate outcomes for students of color, students with disabilities, and students who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning (p. 54-55). McCarter presents implications for social workers and multiple specific strategies to reduce the detrimental effects of the School-to-prison pipeline. Susan McCarter, PhD, MSW, is an associate professor
Special Needs Paper Social Needs Description of the School to Prison Pipeline Unfair punishments and policies in a school setting ultimately disenfranchise minority youth of their civil rights and liberties. In the case of the “school to prison pipeline”, minority youths’ right to an education is being violated, creating a social need for developing healthy and fair discipline procedures (Porter, 2015). This social need can be addressed by properly assessing minority youth who display unacceptable behavior. Instead of using extreme punishment, such as expulsion and out of school suspensions to deflect inappropriate behavior, other methods can be set in place such as counseling sessions or after school programs geared towards encouraging appropriate behavior. The social injustice of the “school to prison pipeline” violates the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) Code of Ethics, particularly as it relates to the core value of social justice (National Association of Social Workers, 2008).
Juveniles learn to engage in crime in the same way they learn to engage in appropriate behavior: through association or observations of others. Groups like family and peers have an especially large impact on the youth of today learn. Juveniles that have association with others that commit delinquent acts have a higher tendency to follow in the same path. The social learning theory is best summarized by its leading proponent, Ronald L. Akers
Behavioral Interventions, 14(3), 147-161. Students who are behaviorally disruptive within class pose difficulty for teachers, administrative staff members, and are more likely to be imitated by other students within the classroom. In some cases, children meet criteria for psychiatric assistance (i.e. conduct disorder or oppositional defiant disorder) which may lead to a mental health referral. Some researchers suggest there is a noticeable difference in children with high
If a student were to fail a course or grade level, said student should be made to retake the course or grade level with extra help and guidance. If a student is thought to be at risk for low self-esteem caused by retention, they should be given the option of academic or social counseling. Pushing a child forward when they’re unprepared is unacceptable. Social promotion is causing a bigger issue than retention. In conclusion, social promotion ultimately hurts students far more than it helps.
In response to bullying in schools, the approach mainly focuses on undesired behaviors and apply sanctions. However, this often fails, so an alternative approach is to inquire into the motivations of those who bully and identify the desires that bullying behavior seeks to satisfy. Ken Rigby points out that “In a series of 17 case studies, which focused on students between the ages of 8 and 16 years, it was reported that some of them manifested considerable hostility towards their victim whom they regard as having provoked their aggressive behavior, whilst some others revealed that they had been merely ‘going along with the crowd’ not to miss the fun, or occasionally because it seemed the safest thing to do” (Rigby, 2012). Thus, the desire to
CRIME OR CHILDISH ACTION? Adolescence years which are the most important times of someone 's life are about self-awareness, searching for a new identity, formation of personality and not only physical but also mental changes and it can be affected by anything. Along with changing hormones and environment where student lives or is exposed to, there may be observed violent behaviors and/or bullying actions. Bullying can have different connotation for different people but as a dictionary definition, it means abuse and mistreatment of someone vulnerable by someone stronger, more powerful ( Marriam-Webstar Dictionary). Among the students, especially in the high schools, bullying is some kind of power-seeking and it is a common behavior.
The strain theory states simply that there are many stressors in a young person’s life which may cause them to “act out.” The social learning theory states that adolescents imitate what they see either at home or within their peer group, which often leads to imitating criminal or delinquent behavior. The control theory states that the amount of control a parent has over their child (whether too strong or too loose) has an impact on their behavior and their likelihood to engage in delinquent behavior. Finally, the labeling theory focuses not on what initially causes delinquent behavior but the reaction that such behavior sanctions and the behavior that follows said reaction. In many cases, one aspect in an adolescent’s life can be related back to more than one, if not all four of these theories. The content that is shown through media outlets such as video games and television has a major impact on the behavior of adolescents
Supervising children is a must I think as I feel as though if more parents paid attention to how their children interacted with or lack of interaction with other children could be addressed early on it would be very beneficial for the child. Another type of sociological crime that is happening here in our society today is unequal opportunities between groups. When people go without they start to want what they don’t have so they go out and steal the items that they can have it. Society should think about increasing legitimate opportunities for advancement and wealth in the area that need 's