The DMAIC (Define-Measure-Analyze-Improve-Control) is the classic Six Sigma problem-solving process. Traditionally, the approach is to be applied to a problem with an existing, steady-state process or product and/or service offering. The DMAIC approach is designed to allow for flexibility and iterative work, if necessary. As more is learned through the 5-phase process, assumptions or hypotheses as to the root cause of the problem may be disproved, requiring the project team to revisit them and modify or to explore alternative possibilities. For example, root cause to a sales force effectiveness issue may have been hypothesized as a sales training problem in a specific geographic region.
MLBP features are mined from patches inside the facial component. Optimal subspaces are learned for each patch and the projected features are concatenated and normalized. Genetic algorithm is applied to each patches. L2 matching scores are generated for each of the particular components. The overall (facial composite, mugshot) matching score is the sum of the individual component
Occupational health can from the literature of Abdullah et al (2009) can be described as a sound state of the body and mind of people from illness resulting from the materials, processes or procedures used in the workplace, whiles occupational safety is the protection of people from physical injury. According to Nutbeam, 1990, the Occupational health and safety defined Health is a positive concept that includes social and personal resources as well as physical capabilities. Based on this definition, it summarizes that, occupational safety and health is a protection to the worker in order to finish up their work in the workplace and free from the injuries or losses. Where, not only directed to the body injury but it includes the financial loss. As we know, in financial also have their own
The ergonomics has become a critical factor in workplace safety. According to Hagberg et al , ergonomics and human factors are often used interchangeably in the workplaces . Both of this relations between the worker and the job demands . The dissimilarity between them is ergonomics focuses on human factors highlight designs that reduce the potential for human error and how work affects workers. While Bongers et al stress that by addressing traditional and environmental risk factors , it can stay workers injury (N. Jaffar et al, 2011).
The best result of Cpk is between 1.33 to 1.67. If the result is below this range, the company needs to analyse and take some actions to improve it. Moreover, the result of process capability can be interpreted by using histogram. 2.6 Develop appropriate control charts (UCL and
3.1 LITERATURE ON ERGONOMICS As a systematic discipline, Fernandez (1995) has defined Ergonomics as the scheme to design the workplace, equipment, machine, tool, product, environment, and system taking into account the human’s physical, psychological, biomechanical and psychological capabilities, and optimizing the effectiveness and productivity of work systems by ensuring the safety, health, and well-being of workers. Yet another simple definition of Wilson (1995) provides that ergonomics is the practice of learning human characteristics and utilizing that information to improve people’s interaction with the environments. Quite a few research studies tell about the influence of physical working conditions on job situation.
Industrial engineers concern about many things in their industry such as reducing production costs, improving the quality of products and services, protecting the environment, increasing efficiency, ensuring worker health and safety and complying with government regulations (Lucas, 2014). They devise efficient systems that integrate workers, machines, materials, information, and energy to provide a service or make a product indeed ("Industrial Engineers: Occupational Outlook Handbook: U.S. Bureau of Labour Statistics," 2015). From Engineering Ethics News, Conferences and Careers website, it defines Engineering Ethics as a standard of moral practice that is adhered to for the sake of the industry and which is guided by personal conscience. Engineering Ethics is very important to very engineer and it applies to every engineer as well. When engineer does not follow the ethics, disaster will occur more often.
It is evident that the importance of ergonomics include wider field and is very important to get the performance and ensure safety and improved comfort for the people involved. According to NIOSH in the manual for Occupational Safety and Health Officer Volume 3, ergonomic objective is to increase the level of effective and efficient work or any activity undertaken as reduce errors, increase productivity and facilitate the work. It also tries to increase positive human values such as, improve safety, reduce fatigue, and improve comfort and quality of
First, the Personal Protective Equipment is important to make the workplace safe includes providing instructions, procedures, training and supervision to encourage people to work safely and responsibly. ("Personal protective equipment (PPE)", 2015) Then, the equipment that must be wear by the workers can reduce exposure to hazards. Thus, during work, it is important to follow the safe work practices and procedures and wear the correct PPE. The PPE must be the first source of protection at workplace. It include basic protection such as eye and face protection, respiratory protection, clothes and gloves protection.
• Also to provide improvement strategies to Mandovi motors in order to solve the grievances. SCOPE OF STUDY: This study intends to study the “Employee Grievance Handling Procedures at Mandovi Motors, Mangalore.” The effectiveness of grievance handling procedures will be studied. This study is also intends to precisely understand interest, preference, attitude and satisfaction of the employees in the organization. The scope of the study is mainly confined to the study of employee grievance handling procedures at Mandovi Motors, Mangalore. It will give a depth theoretical & practical knowledge about employee grievance handling procedures.